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DYNC1H1 dynein cytoplasmic 1 heavy chain 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 1778, updated on 25-May-2017
Official Symbol
DYNC1H1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
dynein cytoplasmic 1 heavy chain 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:2961
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000197102 MIM:600112; Vega:OTTHUMG00000171644
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
p22; DHC1; DNCL; DYHC; HL-3; CMT2O; DHC1a; DNCH1; DNECL; Dnchc1; SMALED1
Summary
Dyneins are a group of microtubule-activated ATPases that function as molecular motors. They are divided into two subgroups of axonemal and cytoplasmic dyneins. The cytoplasmic dyneins function in intracellular motility, including retrograde axonal transport, protein sorting, organelle movement, and spindle dynamics. Molecules of conventional cytoplasmic dynein are comprised of 2 heavy chain polypeptides and a number of intermediate and light chains.This gene encodes a member of the cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain family. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]
Orthologs
Location:
14q32.31
Exon count:
78
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 14 NC_000014.9 (101964528..102050798)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 14 NC_000014.8 (102430865..102517135)

Chromosome 14 - NC_000014.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene protein phosphatase 2 regulatory subunit B'gamma Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107984659 Neighboring gene nucleophosmin 1 pseudogene 20 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107984661 Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 472, pseudogene Neighboring gene heat shock protein 90 alpha family class A member 1 Neighboring gene WD repeat domain 20

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Dynein heavy chain knockdown by siRNA enhances HIV-1 infectivity in TRIMCyp-expressing HeLa cells but not in TRIMCyp-expressing owl monkey cells PubMed
Knockdown of dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1 (DYNC1H1) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa P4/R5 cells PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Pr55(Gag) gag SiRNA-mediated depletion of the dynein heavy chain leads to a marked relocalization of vRNA and viral structural protein Gag to the cell periphery with late endosomes and a several fold increase in HIV-1 production PubMed
Rev rev HIV-1 Rev interacting protein, dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1 (DYNC1H1), is identified by the in-vitro binding experiments involving cytosolic or nuclear extracts from HeLa cells PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 uncoating is facilitated by dynein motor function since siRNA knockdown of DYNC1H1 increases the amount of HIV-1 p24 associated with Vpr-associated cytoplasmic virions PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr is identified to have a physical interaction with dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1 (DYNC1H1) in human HEK293 and/or Jurkat cell lines by using affinity tagging and purification mass spectrometry analyses PubMed
capsid gag HIV-1 uncoating is facilitated by dynein motor function since siRNA knockdown of DYNC1H1 increases the amount of HIV-1 p24 associated with cytoplasmic virions PubMed
gag HIV-1 CA uncoating is delayed in the presence of ciliobrevin D, a specific inhibitor of dynein-mediated motor function, indicating that dynein is involved in CA uncoating in cells PubMed
gag Dynein heavy chain depletion causes the accumulation of HIV-1 CA cores in infected cells and relocates their subcellular distribution from the vicinity of the nucleus to the cell periphery PubMed
reverse transcriptase gag-pol Dynein heavy chain (DHC) depletion causes reduced levels of HIV-1 reverse transcribed DNA in infected cells, suggesting RT activity is regulated by DHC PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

  • AURKA Activation by TPX2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    AURKA Activation by TPX2, organism-specific biosystemTPX2 binds to aurora kinase A (AURKA) at centrosomes and promotes its activation by facilitating AURKA active conformation and autophosphorylation of the AURKA threonine residue T288 (Bayliss et al. ...
  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemCilium biogenesis is initiated by the docking of basal bodies, a centriole-derived organelle, to the plasma membrane (reviewed in Reiter et al, 2012). The centriole consists of a multiprotein core su...
  • Asparagine N-linked glycosylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Asparagine N-linked glycosylation, organism-specific biosystemN-linked glycosylation is the most important form of post-translational modification for proteins synthesized and folded in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (Stanley et al. 2009). An early study in 1999 rev...
  • COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to the better characterized COPI-dependent retrograde Golgi-to-ER pathway, a second COPI-independent pathway has also been identified. This pathway is RAB6 dependent and transports cargo...
  • COPI-mediated anterograde transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    COPI-mediated anterograde transport, organism-specific biosystemThe ERGIC (ER-to-Golgi intermediate compartment, also known as vesicular-tubular clusters, VTCs) is a stable, biochemically distinct compartment located adjacent to ER exit sites (Ben-Tekaya et al, 2...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
  • Centrosome maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Centrosome maturation, organism-specific biosystemThe centrosome is the primary microtubule organizing center (MTOC) in vertebrate cells and plays an important role in orchestrating the formation of the mitotic spindle. Centrosome maturation is an ...
  • Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystemCilia are membrane covered organelles that extend from the surface of eukaryotic cells. Cilia may be motile, such as respiratory cilia) or non-motile (such as the primary cilium) and are distinguishe...
  • ER to Golgi Anterograde Transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ER to Golgi Anterograde Transport, organism-specific biosystemSecretory cargo destined to be secreted or to arrive at the plasma membrane (PM) leaves the ER via distinct exit sites. This cargo is destined for the Golgi apparatus for further processing.
  • G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemCyclin A can also form complexes with Cdc2 (Cdk1). Together with three B-type cyclins, Cdc2 (Cdk1) regulates the transition from G2 into mitosis. These complexes are activated by dephosphorylation of...
  • Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport, organism-specific biosystemRetrograde traffic from the cis-Golgi to the ERGIC or the ER occurs through either COPI-coated vesicles or through a less well characterized RAB6-dependent route that makes use of tubular carriers (r...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Intra-Golgi and retrograde Golgi-to-ER traffic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intra-Golgi and retrograde Golgi-to-ER traffic, organism-specific biosystemThe mammalian Golgi complex, a central hub of both anterograde and retrograde trafficking, is a ribbon of stacked cisterna with biochemically distinct compartments (reviewed in Glick and Nakano, 2009...
  • Lissencephaly gene (LIS1) in neuronal migration and development, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Lissencephaly gene (LIS1) in neuronal migration and development, organism-specific biosystem
    Lissencephaly gene (LIS1) in neuronal migration and development
  • Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes, organism-specific biosystemDuring interphase, Nlp interacts with gamma-tubulin ring complexes (gamma-TuRC), and is thought to contribute to the organization of interphase microtubules (Casenghi et al.,2003). Plk1 is activated...
  • Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to recruiting proteins and complexes necessary for increased microtubule nucleation, centrosomal maturation involves the loss of proteins involved in interphase microtubule organization ...
  • MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystemAntigen presenting cells (APCs) such as B cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes/macrophages express major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC II) at their surface and present exog...
  • Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystemThe secretory membrane system allows a cell to regulate delivery of newly synthesized proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids to the cell surface, a necessity for growth and homeostasis. The system is ma...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem
    Mitotic G2-G2/M phases
  • Neutrophil degranulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neutrophil degranulation, organism-specific biosystemNeutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes (white blood cells), indispensable in defending the body against invading microorganisms. In response to infection, neutrophils leave the circulation and ...
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • Phagosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Phagosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes, organism-specific biosystemThe mitotic spindle becomes established once centrosomes have migrated to opposite poles and the nuclear envelope has broken down. During this stage, interphase centrosomes mature into mitotic centro...
  • Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemThe kinase activity of PLK1 is required for cell cycle progression as PLK1 phosphorylates and regulates a number of cellular proteins during mitosis. Centrosomic AURKA (Aurora A kinase), catalyticall...
  • Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Salmonella infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, conserved biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification, organism-specific biosystemAt least two mechanisms of transport of proteins from the ER to the Golgi have been described. One is a general flow requiring no export signals (Wieland et al, 1987; Martinez-Menarguez et al, 1999)....
  • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
  • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
  • Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystemThe transit of proteins and other cargo through the cell requires a cellular transport process in which transported substances are moved in membrane-bounded vesicles. Transported substances are enclo...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • KIAA0325, DKFZp686P2245

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
contributes_to ATP-dependent microtubule motor activity, minus-end-directed IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
RNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
dynein light intermediate chain binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ER to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class II TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
ciliary basal body docking TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cytoplasmic mRNA processing body assembly ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
establishment of spindle localization IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
microtubule-based movement IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
mitotic spindle organization NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
neutrophil degranulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of intracellular transport IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of spindle assembly IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of metaphase plate congression IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of mitotic spindle organization IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
stress granule assembly ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
azurophil granule lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
centrosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic dynein complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic dynein complex NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extracellular matrix IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
filopodium IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
microtubule IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Preferred Names
cytoplasmic dynein 1 heavy chain 1
Names
dynein heavy chain, cytosolic
dynein, cytoplasmic, heavy polypeptide 1

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_008777.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..91271
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001376.4NP_001367.2  cytoplasmic dynein 1 heavy chain 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001367.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB002323, AB290157, DB508175
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9966.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q14204
    Related
    ENSP00000348965.4, OTTHUMP00000246649, ENST00000360184.8, OTTHUMT00000414574
    Conserved Domains (7) summary
    COG5245
    Location:10464329
    DYN1; Dynein, heavy chain [Cytoskeleton]
    pfam03028
    Location:39224632
    Dynein_heavy; Dynein heavy chain and region D6 of dynein motor
    pfam08385
    Location:240832
    DHC_N1; Dynein heavy chain, N-terminal region 1
    pfam08393
    Location:13231721
    DHC_N2; Dynein heavy chain, N-terminal region 2
    pfam12777
    Location:32013532
    MT; Microtubule-binding stalk of dynein motor
    pfam12781
    Location:35613776
    AAA_9; ATP-binding dynein motor region D5
    cl21455
    Location:18682105
    P-loop_NTPase; P-loop containing Nucleoside Triphosphate Hydrolases

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000014.9 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Range
    101964528..102050798
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018925.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    102368694..102454973
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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