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PHACTR2 phosphatase and actin regulator 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9749, updated on 8-Dec-2022

Summary

Official Symbol
PHACTR2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
phosphatase and actin regulator 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:20956
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000112419 MIM:608724; AllianceGenome:HGNC:20956
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
C6orf56
Summary
Predicted to enable actin binding activity. Predicted to be involved in actin cytoskeleton organization. Predicted to be located in plasma membrane and platelet alpha granule membrane. Implicated in Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. Biomarker of Alzheimer's disease. [provided by Alliance of Genome Resources, Apr 2022]
Expression
Broad expression in placenta (RPKM 29.1), adrenal (RPKM 11.9) and 22 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See PHACTR2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
6q24.2
Exon count:
16
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
110 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 6 NC_000006.12 (143536878..143831185)
110 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 6 NC_060930.1 (144729279..145023866)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (143858015..144152322)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124901417 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105378035 Neighboring gene alpha-L-fucosidase 2 Neighboring gene PHACTR2 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene LTV1 ribosome biogenesis factor Neighboring gene zinc finger C2HC-type containing 1B

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide association study reveals novel genetic determinants of DNA repair capacity in lung cancer.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Novel genetic loci identified for the pathophysiology of childhood obesity in the Hispanic population.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Pilot genome-wide association search identifies potential loci for risk of erectile dysfunction in type 1 diabetes using the DCCT/EDIC study cohort.
EBI GWAS Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vif vif HIV-1 Vif downregulates the expression of phosphatase and actin regulator 2 (PHACTR2) in Vif-expression T cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • KIAA0680, MGC176642, DKFZp686F18175

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables actin binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables protein phosphatase inhibitor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in actin cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in platelet alpha granule membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
phosphatase and actin regulator 2

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001100164.2NP_001093634.1  phosphatase and actin regulator 2 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001093634.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longest isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AB014580, AL049844, CN361694, DC361499, DR980875
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47493.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O75167
    Related
    ENSP00000417038.2, ENST00000440869.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00707
    Location:527551
    RPEL; Repeat in Drosophila CG10860, human KIAA0680 and C. elegans F26H9.2
    pfam02755
    Location:7294
    RPEL; RPEL repeat
  2. NM_001100165.2NP_001093635.1  phosphatase and actin regulator 2 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001093635.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an alternate in-frame exon in the mid-coding region, compared to variant 1, resulting in a shorter protein (isoform 2), compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AB014580, AL049844, DC361499, DR004592, DR980875
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47494.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O75167
    Related
    ENSP00000356554.3, ENST00000367582.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00707
    Location:447471
    RPEL; Repeat in Drosophila CG10860, human KIAA0680 and C. elegans F26H9.2
    pfam02755
    Location:7294
    RPEL; RPEL repeat
  3. NM_001100166.2NP_001093636.1  phosphatase and actin regulator 2 isoform 4

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001093636.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) differs in the 5' UTR, has multiple differences in the presence and absence of exons at its 5' end, and lacks an alternate in-frame exon in the mid-coding region, compared to variant 1. The resulting protein (isoform 4) has a distinct N-terminus and is shorter than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AB014580, AL049844, DC381966, DN993504, DR980875
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS43512.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O75167
    Related
    ENSP00000305530.6, ENST00000305766.10
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00707
    Location:436460
    RPEL; Repeat in Drosophila CG10860, human KIAA0680 and C. elegans F26H9.2
    pfam02755
    Location:6183
    RPEL; RPEL repeat
  4. NM_001394736.1NP_001381665.1  phosphatase and actin regulator 2 isoform 5

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL049844, AL078593, AL357117
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS94015.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    J3KP75
    Related
    ENSP00000356556.4, ENST00000367584.8
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    smart00707
    Location:504528
    RPEL; Repeat in Drosophila CG10860, human KIAA0680 and C. elegans F26H9.2
  5. NM_001394738.1NP_001381667.1  phosphatase and actin regulator 2 isoform 6

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL049844, AL078593, AL357117
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00707
    Location:383407
    RPEL; Repeat in Drosophila CG10860, human KIAA0680 and C. elegans F26H9.2
    cl29414
    Location:344369
    RPEL; RPEL repeat
  6. NM_014721.3NP_055536.2  phosphatase and actin regulator 2 isoform 3

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_055536.2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR, and has multiple differences in the presence and absence of exons at its 5' end, compared to variant 1. The resulting protein (isoform 3) has a distinct N-terminus and is shorter than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AB014580, AL049844, CN361694, DC381966, DR980875
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47492.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O75167, Q68DM2
    Related
    ENSP00000391763.2, ENST00000427704.6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00707
    Location:516540
    RPEL; Repeat in Drosophila CG10860, human KIAA0680 and C. elegans F26H9.2
    pfam02755
    Location:6183
    RPEL; RPEL repeat

RNA

  1. NR_172204.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL049844, AL078593, AL357117
  2. NR_172205.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL049844, AL078593, AL360228

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 110 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    143536878..143831185
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060930.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    144729279..145023866
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)