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HIST1H2AG histone cluster 1 H2A family member g [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 8969, updated on 5-Nov-2017
Official Symbol
HIST1H2AGprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
histone cluster 1 H2A family member gprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4737
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000196787 MIM:615012; Vega:OTTHUMG00000014469
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
H2AG; H2A/p; H2AFP; H2A.1b; pH2A/f
Summary
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the histone microcluster on chromosome 6p21.33. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
Orthologs
Location:
6p22.1
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 6 NC_000006.12 (27133038..27133535)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (27100817..27101314)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105374995 Neighboring gene histone cluster 1 H2B family member j Neighboring gene histone cluster 1 H2B family member k Neighboring gene histone cluster 1 H4 family member i Neighboring gene histone cluster 1 H2A family member h

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat peptides bind core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, and Tat protein recruits histone acetyltransferases to the HIV-1 LTR promoter leading to acetylation of histones H3 and H4, derepressing chromatin structure and increasing NFkappaB responsiveness PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystemEukaryotic DNA is associated with histone proteins and organized into a complex nucleoprotein structure called chromatin. This structure decreases the accessibility of DNA but also helps to protect i...
  • Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystemChromatin organization refers to the composition and conformation of complexes between DNA, protein and RNA. It is determined by processes that result in the specification, formation or maintenance o...
  • Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitination, the modification of proteins by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin (Ub), is a key regulatory mechanism for many many cellular processes, including protein degradation by the 26S pro...
  • HATs acetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HATs acetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemHistone acetyltransferases (HATs) involved in histone modifications are referred to as A-type or nuclear HATs. They can be grouped into at least four families based on sequence conservation within th...
  • HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemLysine deacetylases (KDACs), historically referred to as histone deacetylases (HDACs), are divided into the Rpd3/Hda1 metal-dependent 'classical HDAC family' (de Ruijter et al. 2003, Verdin et al. 2...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Metalloprotease DUBs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metalloprotease DUBs, organism-specific biosystemThe JAB1/MPN +/MOV34 (JAMM) domain metalloproteases cleave the isopeptide bond at or near the the attachment point of polyubiquitin and substrate. PSMD14 (RPN11), STAMBP (AMSH), STAMBPL1 (AMSH-LP), a...
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystemArginine methylation is a common post-translational modification; around 2% of arginine residues are methylated in rat liver nuclei (Boffa et al. 1977). Arginine can be methylated in 3 different ways...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • UCH proteinases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    UCH proteinases, organism-specific biosystemDUBs of the Ub C-terminal Hydrolase (UCH) family are thiol proteases that have an N-terminal catalytic domain sometimes followed by C-terminal extensions that mediate protein-protein interactions. Hu...
  • Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystemUb-specific processing proteases (USPs) are the largest of the DUB families with more than 50 members in humans. The USP catalytic domain varies considerably in size and consists of six conserved mo...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
DNA binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enzyme binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
biological_process ND
No biological Data available
more info
 
chromatin silencing IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nuclear chromatin IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
nucleosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Preferred Names
histone H2A type 1
Names
H2A histone family, member P
H2A.1
histone 1, H2ag
histone H2A/p
histone H2A/ptl
histone cluster 1, H2ag

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_021064.4NP_066408.1  histone H2A type 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_066408.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AK312124, BC016677
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4619.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P0C0S8
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A4FTV9, B2R5B3
    Related
    ENSP00000352119.2, OTTHUMP00000016174, ENST00000359193.3, OTTHUMT00000040137
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    PTZ00017
    Location:1130
    PTZ00017; histone H2A; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Range
    27133038..27133535
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018917.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    27103139..27103636
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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