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ROCK1 Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6093, updated on 11-Sep-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
ROCK1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:10251
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000067900 MIM:601702
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ROCK-I; P160ROCK
Summary
This gene encodes a protein serine/threonine kinase that is activated when bound to the GTP-bound form of Rho. The small GTPase Rho regulates formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers of fibroblasts, as well as adhesion and aggregation of platelets and lymphocytes by shuttling between the inactive GDP-bound form and the active GTP-bound form. Rho is also essential in cytokinesis and plays a role in transcriptional activation by serum response factor. This protein, a downstream effector of Rho, phosphorylates and activates LIM kinase, which in turn, phosphorylates cofilin, inhibiting its actin-depolymerizing activity. A pseudogene, related to this gene, is also located on chromosome 18. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in bone marrow (RPKM 22.1), fat (RPKM 16.6) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ROCK1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
18q11.1
Exon count:
33
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 18 NC_000018.10 (20946906..21111813, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 18 NC_000018.9 (18529701..18691812, complement)

Chromosome 18 - NC_000018.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ankyrin repeat domain 30B pseudogene Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 721, pseudogene Neighboring gene vomeronasal 1 receptor 75 pseudogene Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 9828 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 128 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 120, pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
HIV-1 infection (VSV-G pseudotyped) of CEMT4 T cells downregulates plasma membrane expression of ROCK1 PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env Filamin-A-dependent activation of the RhoA-ROCK-LIMK-cofilin pathway is a major event in HIV-1 gp120-induced receptor clustering PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat downregulates OCLN (occludin) and LRP1 and upregulates AGER (RAGE), and in a RhoA/ROCK1 dependent manner as shown through hydroxyfasudil inhibition in hCMEC/D3 cells PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-mediated downregulation of occludin expression requires activities of the RhoA and p160-Rho-associated coiled kinase (ROCK) proteins in primary human brain micro vascular endothelial cells PubMed
matrix gag HIV-1 MA-induced upregulation of collagen-I and alpha-SMA expression is dependent on CXCR2 via the Rho/ROCK-1 pathway PubMed
gag HIV-1 p17-mediated activation of the Rho/ROCK-signaling pathway is required for p17-mediated monocyte adhesion and migration PubMed
gag HIV-1 p17-induced activation of PTEN is regulated by RhoA-associated kinase (ROCK) PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • AGE/RAGE pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    AGE/RAGE pathway, organism-specific biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are heterogeneous group of non-enzymatic malliard reaction products of aldose sugar with proteins and lipids. Formation of AGEs is an indicator of one of the ma...
  • Androgen receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Androgen receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemAndrogens, mainly testosterone and 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) play significant role in the growth and development of the male reproductive organs. These steroid hormones bring about their biolo...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Apoptotic cleavage of cellular proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptotic cleavage of cellular proteins, organism-specific biosystemApoptotic cell death is achieved by the caspase-mediatedcleavage of various vital proteins. Among caspase targets are proteins such as E-cadherin, Beta-catenin, alpha fodrin, GAS2, FADK, alpha adduc...
  • Apoptotic execution phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptotic execution phase, organism-specific biosystemIn the execution phase of apoptosis, effector caspases cleave vital cellular proteins leading to the morphological changes that characterize apoptosis. These changes include destruction of the nucle...
  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
  • Axon guidance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Axon guidance, conserved biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • EGF/EGFR Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    EGF/EGFR Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) also known as ErbB1/HER1 is a member of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases which also includes ErbB2 (Neu, HER2), ErbB3 (HER3) and ErbB4 (HER4). Sev...
  • EPH-Ephrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPH-Ephrin signaling, organism-specific biosystemDuring the development process cell migration and adhesion are the main forces involved in morphing the cells into critical anatomical structures. The ability of a cell to migrate to its correct dest...
  • EPHA forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    EPHA forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    EPHA forward signaling
  • EPHA-mediated growth cone collapse, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPHA-mediated growth cone collapse, organism-specific biosystemEPH/Ephrin signaling is coupled to Rho family GTPases such as Rac, Rho and Cdc42 that connect bidirectional receptor-ligand interactions to changes in the actin cytoskeleton (Noren & Pasquale 2004, G...
  • EPHB forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    EPHB forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    EPHB forward signaling
  • EPHB-mediated forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPHB-mediated forward signaling, organism-specific biosystemMultiple EPHB receptors contribute directly to dendritic spine development and morphogenesis. These are more broadly involved in post-synaptic development through activation of focal adhesion kinase ...
  • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe G12/13 family is probably the least well characterized subtype, partly because G12/13 coupling is difficult to determine when compared with the other subtypes which predominantly rely on assay te...
  • G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe G13 subunit is an alpha unit of heterotrimeric G proteins that regulates cell processes through the use of guanine nucleotide exchange factors. G13 regulates actin cytoskeletal remodeling in cell...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Integrin-mediated Cell Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrin-mediated Cell Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemIntegrins are receptors that mediate attachment between a cell and the tissues surrounding it, which may be other cells or the extracellular matrix (ECM). They also play a role in cell signaling and ...
  • Integrins in angiogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Integrins in angiogenesis, organism-specific biosystem
    Integrins in angiogenesis
  • Leptin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Leptin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemLeptin is a peptide hormone mainly synthesised and secreted from adipocytes. It is also expressed in other tissues including placenta, stomach and skeletal muscle. Leptin mediates its effects by bind...
  • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
  • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
  • MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
  • MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
  • MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway shows the role of microRNAs in the process of cardiac hypertrophy. MicroRNA targets were predicted by the TargetScan algorithm, and the predicted interactions are shown in red dashed lin...
  • N-cadherin signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    N-cadherin signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    N-cadherin signaling events
  • Neutrophil degranulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neutrophil degranulation, organism-specific biosystemNeutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes (white blood cells), indispensable in defending the body against invading microorganisms. In response to infection, neutrophils leave the circulation and ...
  • Noncanonical Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Noncanonical Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Noncanonical Wnt signaling pathway
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystemEnteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are closely related pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli. The hallmark of EPEC/EHEC infections [DS:H00278 H00277] is induction o...
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, conserved biosystemEnteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are closely related pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli. The hallmark of EPEC/EHEC infections [DS:H00278 H00277] is induction o...
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystemSources: [http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa05130.html KEGG]
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
  • Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystemCell death is a fundamental cellular response that has a crucial role in shaping our bodies during development and in regulating tissue homeostasis by eliminating unwanted cells. There are a number o...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystemRHO GTPases regulate cell behaviour by activating a number of downstream effectors that regulate cytoskeletal organization, intracellular trafficking and transcription (reviewed by Sahai and Marshall...
  • RHO GTPases Activate ROCKs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate ROCKs, organism-specific biosystemRHO associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinases ROCK1 and ROCK2 consist of a serine/threonine kinase domain, a coiled-coil region, a RHO-binding domain and a plekstrin homology (PH) domain int...
  • Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystemhttp://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa04810.html
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • RhoA signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    RhoA signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    RhoA signaling pathway
  • Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Salmonella infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, conserved biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Sema4D in semaphorin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D in semaphorin signaling, organism-specific biosystemSemaphorin 4D (Sema 4D/CD100) is an axon guidance molecule with two disulfide-linked 150-kDa subunits. SEMA4D is structurally defined by a conserved 500-amino acid extracellular domain with 16 cyste...
  • Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse, organism-specific biosystemSema4D-mediated attraction of endothelial cells requires Rho, but not R-Ras, signaling. Sema4D-mediated plexinB1 activation activates Rho and its downstream effector ROCK. ROCK then phosphorylates ML...
  • Semaphorin interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Semaphorin interactions, organism-specific biosystemSemaphorins are a large family of cell surface and secreted guidance molecules divided into eight classes on the basis of their structures. They all have an N-terminal conserved sema domain. Semaphor...
  • Shigellosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Shigellosis, organism-specific biosystemShigellosis, or bacillary dysentery, is an intestinal infection caused by Shigella, a genus of enterobacteria. Shigella are potential food-borne pathogens that are capable of colonizing the intestina...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystemThe Rho family of small guanine nucleotide binding proteins is one of five generally recognized branches of the Ras superfamily. Like most Ras superfamily members, typical Rho proteins function as bi...
  • Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystemIn normal development vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are crucial regulators of vascular development during embryogenesis (vasculogenesis) and blood-vessel formation in the adult (angioge...
  • Signaling events mediated by PRL, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling events mediated by PRL, organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling events mediated by PRL
  • Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2
  • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
  • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
  • Stabilization and expansion of the E-cadherin adherens junction, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Stabilization and expansion of the E-cadherin adherens junction, organism-specific biosystem
    Stabilization and expansion of the E-cadherin adherens junction
  • TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe signal transduction mechanisms underlying the pathophysiological activities of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) have been extensively studied since its discovery nearly 30 years ago. TGF-? li...
  • TGF-beta signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    TGF-beta signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family members, which include TGF-betas, activins and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), are structurally related secreted cytokines found in species r...
  • TGF-beta signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    TGF-beta signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family members, which include TGF-betas, activins and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), are structurally related secreted cytokines found in species r...
  • Thromboxane A2 receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Thromboxane A2 receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    Thromboxane A2 receptor signaling
  • Tight junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, organism-specific biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Tight junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, conserved biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAngiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature. One of the most important proangiogenic factors is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF exerts its biologic...
  • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
  • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
  • amb2 Integrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    amb2 Integrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    amb2 Integrin signaling
  • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • PRO0435, MGC43611, MGC131603

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
GTP-Rho binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Rho-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Rho-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein serine/threonine kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein serine/threonine kinase activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein serine/threonine kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
tau protein binding NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
tau-protein kinase activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Rho protein signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Rho protein signal transduction IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
actin cytoskeleton organization TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
actomyosin structure organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
aortic valve morphogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
apical constriction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
bleb assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cortical actin cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cortical actin cytoskeleton organization IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
cortical actin cytoskeleton organization IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
embryonic morphogenesis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ephrin receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
leukocyte cell-cell adhesion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
leukocyte migration IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
leukocyte tethering or rolling IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
mRNA destabilization ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
membrane to membrane docking IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
mitotic cytokinesis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
myoblast migration ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of amyloid precursor protein catabolic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of amyloid-beta formation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of angiogenesis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of bicellular tight junction assembly IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of biomineral tissue development ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of myosin-light-chain-phosphatase activity IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of myosin-light-chain-phosphatase activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of protein binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
neuron projection arborization IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
neuron projection development IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
neutrophil degranulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of MAPK cascade IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of amyloid-beta clearance IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of autophagy IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cardiac muscle hypertrophy IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of connective tissue replacement IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of focal adhesion assembly ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of gene expression IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of gene expression ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein localization to plasma membrane IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein localization to plasma membrane IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
protein phosphorylation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of amyloid-beta formation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of angiotensin-activated signaling pathway IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of autophagy TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of blood vessel diameter ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of cell adhesion TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell junction assembly IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell motility TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of establishment of cell polarity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of focal adhesion assembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of keratinocyte differentiation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of neuron differentiation IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
regulation of stress fiber assembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of synaptic vesicle endocytosis IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
response to angiotensin ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
response to transforming growth factor beta ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
smooth muscle contraction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Golgi membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
colocalizes_with amyloid-beta complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
bleb IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
centriole IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic stress granule IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic stress granule ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cytoskeleton IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoskeleton ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
lamellipodium ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
plasma membrane ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
ruffle ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
secretory granule lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
rho-associated protein kinase 1
Names
p160 ROCK-1
renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-35
NP_005397.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_042178.2 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5039..169946
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_005406.3NP_005397.1  rho-associated protein kinase 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005397.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC036178, AK057038, AU121527, U43195
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS11870.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13464
    Related
    ENSP00000382697.1, ENST00000399799.3
    Conserved Domains (7) summary
    cd11639
    Location:489554
    HR1_ROCK1; Protein kinase C-related kinase homology region 1 (HR1) Rho-binding domain of Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1
    smart00220
    Location:76338
    S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    COG0419
    Location:4221027
    SbcC; DNA repair exonuclease SbcCD ATPase subunit [Replication, recombination and repair]
    cd00029
    Location:12291275
    C1; Protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1) . Cysteine-rich zinc binding domain. Some members of this domain family bind phorbol esters and diacylglycerol, some are reported to bind RasGTP. May occur in tandem arrangement. Diacylglycerol (DAG) is a second ...
    cd01242
    Location:11191225
    PH_ROCK; Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase pleckstrin homology (PH) domain
    cd05622
    Location:2406
    STKc_ROCK1; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinase, Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1
    pfam08912
    Location:9491014
    Rho_Binding; Rho Binding

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000018.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    20946906..21111813 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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