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    HLA-DMA major histocompatibility complex, class II, DM alpha [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 3108, updated on 17-Jun-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    HLA-DMAprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    major histocompatibility complex, class II, DM alphaprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:4934
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000204257 MIM:142855; AllianceGenome:HGNC:4934
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    DMA; HLADM; RING6; D6S222E
    Summary
    HLA-DMA belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DMA) and a beta chain (DMB), both anchored in the membrane. It is located in intracellular vesicles. DM plays a central role in the peptide loading of MHC class II molecules by helping to release the CLIP molecule from the peptide binding site. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The alpha chain is approximately 33-35 kDa and its gene contains 5 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Expression
    Broad expression in lymph node (RPKM 124.3), lung (RPKM 102.4) and 24 other tissues See more
    Orthologs
    NEW
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    Genomic context

    See HLA-DMA in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    6p21.32
    Exon count:
    5
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 6 NC_000006.12 (32948618..32953097, complement)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 6 NC_060930.1 (32769955..32774437, complement)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (32916395..32920874, complement)

    Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100294145 Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class I, Z (pseudogene) Neighboring gene meiotic recombination hotspot DMB2 Neighboring gene meiotic recombination hotspot DMB1 Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class II, DM beta Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124901302 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:32935448-32935987 Neighboring gene MED14-independent group 3 enhancer GRCh37_chr6:32937286-32938485 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:32939954-32940562 Neighboring gene bromodomain containing 2

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV envelope protein gp120 can specifically inhibit CD4-dependent class II MHC-restricted T cell response to Ag PubMed
    env Amino acid residues 42-49 in the V1 region of CD4 are involved in the interaction between HIV-1 gp120 and class II major histocompatibility complex molecules PubMed
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env Processing of HIV-1 gp160 to gp120 and gp41 is necessary for the association of HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins with class II MHC PubMed
    Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env Soluble HIV-1 gp41 enhancement effects on MHC class I and II antigen expression can be inhibited by soluble gp41-binding proteins of 45, 49 and 62 kD from human B cells PubMed
    env Soluble HIV-1 gp41 can selectively enhance MHC class I and II expression on human B cells, but does not increase expression of other cell surface antigens such as CD21 and CD54 (ICAM-1) PubMed
    env A 43-amino-acid sequence between amino acids 708 and 750 in the HIV-1 gp41(TM) cytoplasmic tail is required for efficient incorporation of HLA class II proteins into virions PubMed
    Nef nef Expression of patient-derived HIV-1 nef alleles downregulates MHC-II cell surface expression in activated CD4+ T cells PubMed
    nef HIV-1 group N and group O Nef alleles only weakly downregulate CD4, CD28, and class I and II MHC molecules PubMed
    nef HIV-1 Nef expression inhibits MHC II presentation of viral antigens in infected antigen-presenting cells PubMed
    nef Nef-triggered MHCII endocytosis requires Rab5 activity and lyst function, whereas lysosomal trafficking of internalized MHCII molecules requires Rab7 activity PubMed
    Pr55(Gag) gag HIV-1 Gag virus-like particles efficiently activate human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) and induce MDDC maturation with an associated increase in the surface expression of CD80, CD86 and MHC classes I and II PubMed
    gag Two peptides of the CA domain of HIV-1 Gag, VDRFYKTLRAEQASQ and DRFYKLTRAEQASQ, are presented on MHC II molecules of dendritic cells and have similar sensitivity for antigen-specific T cells PubMed
    gag HIV-1 Gag virus-like particle-induced monocyte activation is shown by upregulation of molecules involved in antigen presentation (MHC II, CD80, CD86) and cell adhesion (CD54) PubMed
    Tat tat HIV-1 Tat downregulates expression of MHC class II genes in antigen-presenting cells (APC) by inhibiting the transactivator of MHC class II genes, CIITA PubMed
    Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu interacts with CD74 and modulates MHC II in HIV-1-infected cells PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from PubChem

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables MHC class II protein complex binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables MHC class II protein complex binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    enables peptide antigen binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    part_of MHC class II protein complex IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    part_of MHC class II protein complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in cell surface IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    is_active_in late endosome membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    located_in late endosome membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    is_active_in lysosomal membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    located_in lysosomal membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in lysosomal membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    located_in membrane HDA PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DM alpha chain
    Names
    MHC class II antigen DMA
    class II histocompatibility antigen, M alpha chain
    really interesting new gene 6 protein

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_012006.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5026..9505
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_006120.4NP_006111.2  HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DM alpha chain precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_006111.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AA649861, AU100342, BC011447
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS4761.1
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      A0A140T9H8, A0A1V0E3I4, A0A1V0E3I5, A0A1V0E3J1, A0A1V0E3J7, A0A1V0E3K1, A0A1V0E3L2, A0A1V0E3L9, A0A1V0E3M0, A0A1V0E3M2, A0A1V0E3M5, O02966, Q31604, Q6ICR9, Q96FA1
      Related
      ENSP00000363976.4, ENST00000374843.9
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd05767
      Location:126218
      IgC_MHC_II_alpha; Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) alpha chain immunoglobulin domain
      smart00920
      Location:41123
      MHC_II_alpha; Class II histocompatibility antigen, alpha domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      32948618..32953097 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

    Genomic

    1. NT_167244.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

      Range
      4253465..4257947 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_2

    Genomic

    1. NT_113891.3 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_2

      Range
      4360815..4365297 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_3

    Genomic

    1. NT_167245.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_3

      Range
      4192148..4196630 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_4

    Genomic

    1. NT_167246.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_4

      Range
      4367986..4372466 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_5

    Genomic

    1. NT_167247.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_5

      Range
      4247663..4252145 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_6

    Genomic

    1. NT_167248.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_6

      Range
      4142925..4147407 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_7

    Genomic

    1. NT_167249.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_7

      Range
      4347853..4352335 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060930.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      32769955..32774437 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)