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VPS26A VPS26 retromer complex component A [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9559, updated on 7-Apr-2024

Summary

Official Symbol
VPS26Aprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
VPS26 retromer complex component Aprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:12711
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000122958 MIM:605506; AllianceGenome:HGNC:12711
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
HB58; PEP8A; VPS26; Hbeta58
Summary
This gene belongs to a group of vacuolar protein sorting (VPS) genes. The encoded protein is a component of a large multimeric complex, termed the retromer complex, involved in retrograde transport of proteins from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network. The close structural similarity between the yeast and human proteins that make up this complex suggests a similarity in function. Expression studies in yeast and mammalian cells indicate that this protein interacts directly with VPS35, which serves as the core of the retromer complex. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 20.4), esophagus (RPKM 15.7) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See VPS26A in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
10q22.1
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 10 NC_000010.11 (69124178..69174412)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 10 NC_060934.1 (69991871..70042751)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 10 NC_000010.10 (70883934..70934168)

Chromosome 10 - NC_000010.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105378342 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 5024 Neighboring gene MPRA-validated peak1005 silencer Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3475 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3476 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3477 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr10:70812477-70812978 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr10:70812979-70813478 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3478 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 2426 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3480 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3479 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3481 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3482 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3483 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3484 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_16959 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr10:70828777-70829328 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_16968 Neighboring gene MED14-independent group 3 enhancer GRCh37_chr10:70847990-70849189 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 2427 Neighboring gene serglycin Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3485 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 2428 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr10:70884392-70884898 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S12 pseudogene 17 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3486 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr10:70949649-70949852 Neighboring gene Suv3 like RNA helicase Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 2429 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101928994 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_16991 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_16994 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_16995 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3487 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 3488 Neighboring gene MED14-independent group 3 enhancer GRCh37_chr10:70991590-70992789 Neighboring gene hexokinase domain containing 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide analysis of polymorphisms associated with cytokine responses in smallpox vaccine recipients.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Genome-wide association study in individuals of South Asian ancestry identifies six new type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Identification of HKDC1 and BACE2 as genes influencing glycemic traits during pregnancy through genome-wide association studies.
EBI GWAS Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env Depletion of VPS26 by siRNA increases plasma membrane expression of HIV-1 gp120/gp41 and incorporation into viral particles, indicating that VPS26 regulates gp120/gp41 trafficking in cells PubMed
Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env The gp41 cytoplasmic tail binds directly to retromer components VPS26 and VPS35 in HIV-1-infected cells PubMed
env Depletion of VPS26 by siRNA increases plasma membrane expression of HIV-1 gp120/gp41 and incorporation into viral particles, indicating that VPS26 regulates gp120/gp41 trafficking in cells PubMed
env The gp41 cytoplasmic tail determines sensitivity to VPS26 depletion in HIV-1-infected cells, and the cytoplasmic tail alone is sufficient for trafficking of Env through the retromer-containing compartment PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • FLJ12930

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in endocytic recycling IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in intracellular protein transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in regulation of macroautophagy TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in retrograde transport, endosome to Golgi IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in retrograde transport, endosome to Golgi IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in retrograde transport, endosome to Golgi NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in early endosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in endosome IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in endosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in endosome membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in lysosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
part_of retromer complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
part_of retromer complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of retromer complex NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
part_of retromer, cargo-selective complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of retromer, cargo-selective complex NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in tubular endosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in vesicle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A
Names
VPS26 retromer complex comonent A
vacuolar protein sorting 26 homolog A
vesicle protein sorting 26A

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001035260.3NP_001030337.1  vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001030337.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an exon in the 3' coding region which results in a frameshift and early translation termination, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) has a shorter and distinct C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF054179, AL596223, BQ068008, BX647725, DA498726
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS41536.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    S4R3Q6
    Related
    ENSP00000378532.1, ENST00000395098.5
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03643
    Location:8243
    Vps26; Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26
  2. NM_001318944.2NP_001305873.1  vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) includes an additional exon in the 5' region, and it thus differs in its 5' UTR and initiates translation at an alternate start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (3) has a shorter and distinct N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK309021, AL596223, BX647725, DA498726
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DLT1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03643
    Location:45276
    Vps26; Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26
  3. NM_001318945.2NP_001305874.1  vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A isoform 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) includes an additional exon in the 5' region, and it thus differs in its 5' UTR and initiates translation at an alternate start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (4) has a shorter and distinct N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK297142, AL596223, BX647725, DA498726
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DLT1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03643
    Location:34266
    Vps26; Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26
  4. NM_001318946.2NP_001305875.1  vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A isoform 5

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5) lacks an alternate exon in the 5' region, and it thus differs in its 5' UTR and initiates translation at a downstream in-frame start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (5) is shorter at the N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF054179, AL596223, BX647725, DA498726
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K3C1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03643
    Location:2172
    Vps26; Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26
  5. NM_004896.5NP_004887.2  vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004887.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longest isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF054179, AL596223, BX647725, DA498726
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS7286.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    A8MZ56, B2RDD3, O75436, Q8TBH4, Q9H982
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DLT1
    Related
    ENSP00000263559.6, ENST00000263559.11
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03643
    Location:8283
    Vps26; Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000010.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    69124178..69174412
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060934.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    69991871..70042751
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_054367220.1XP_054223195.1  vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 26A isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    A8MZ56, B2RDD3, O75436, Q8TBH4, Q9H982