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Nat Cell Biol. 2011 Jun;13(6):715-21. doi: 10.1038/ncb2252. Epub 2011 May 22.

SNX27 mediates retromer tubule entry and endosome-to-plasma membrane trafficking of signalling receptors.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94158, USA.

Abstract

Endocytic sorting of signalling receptors between recycling and degradative pathways is a key cellular process controlling the surface complement of receptors and, accordingly, the cell's ability to respond to specific extracellular stimuli. The β2 adrenergic receptor (β2AR) is a prototypical seven-transmembrane signalling receptor that recycles rapidly and efficiently to the plasma membrane after ligand-induced endocytosis. β2AR recycling is dependent on the receptor's carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand and Rab4. This active sorting process is required for functional resensitization of β2AR-mediated signalling. Here we show that sequence-directed sorting occurs at the level of entry into retromer tubules and that retromer tubules are associated with Rab4. Furthermore, we show that sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) serves as an essential adaptor protein linking β2ARs to the retromer tubule. SNX27 does not seem to directly interact with the retromer core complex, but does interact with the retromer-associated Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and SCAR homologue (WASH) complex. The present results identify a role for retromer in endocytic trafficking of signalling receptors, in regulating a receptor-linked signalling pathway, and in mediating direct endosome-to-plasma membrane traffic.

PMID:
21602791
PMCID:
PMC3113693
DOI:
10.1038/ncb2252
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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