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TPST2 tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 8459, updated on 21-Dec-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
TPST2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:12021
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000128294 MIM:603126
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
TPST-2; TANGO13B
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the O-sulfation of tyrosine residues within acidic regions of proteins. The encoded protein is a type II integral membrane protein found in the Golgi body. Alternative splicing produces multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, May 2018]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in pancreas (RPKM 24.6), placenta (RPKM 15.2) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See TPST2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
22q12.1
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20191205 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 22 NC_000022.11 (26521996..26590132, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 22 NC_000022.10 (26921714..26986089, complement)

Chromosome 22 - NC_000022.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene SRR1 domain containing Neighboring gene tuftelin interacting protein 11 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100507599 Neighboring gene microRNA 548j Neighboring gene high mobility group box 1 pseudogene 10 Neighboring gene crystallin beta B1 Neighboring gene crystallin beta A4 Neighboring gene CRISPRi-validated cis-regulatory element chr22.1058

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 is sulfated at positions Y173 and Y177 in the V2 domain by tyrosyl sulfotransferase 2 (TPST2), leading to modulate gp120 epitope exposure and neutralization sensitivity PubMed
env Sulfation of CCR5 by tyrosylprotein sulfotranferase-2 is crucial for mediating interaction with HIV-1 gp120. The pattern and the rate of sulfation for CCR5 depend on the number of amino acids N-terminal of Tyr-3 PubMed
env The chemokine receptor CCR5 is posttranslationally modified by sulfation of its N-terminal tyrosines; sulfated tyrosines contribute to the binding of CCR5 to MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, and HIV-1 gp120/CD4 complexes and to the ability of HIV-1 to enter cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
protein homodimerization activity IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
peptidyl-tyrosine sulfation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
peptidyl-tyrosine sulfation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Golgi apparatus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Golgi membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
endoplasmic reticulum IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase 2
Names
transport and golgi organization 13 homolog B
tyrosylprotein phosphotransferase 2
NP_001008566.1
NP_001349851.1
NP_001349852.1
NP_003586.3
XP_024308062.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001008566.3NP_001008566.1  protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase 2 isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001008566.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    Z95115
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13839.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O60704
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024R1G9
    Related
    ENSP00000381180.2, ENST00000398110.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam13469
    Location:71262
    Sulfotransfer_3; Sulfotransferase family
  2. NM_001362922.2NP_001349851.1  protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase 2 isoform 1 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    Z95115
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam13469
    Location:71262
    Sulfotransfer_3; Sulfotransferase family
  3. NM_001362923.2NP_001349852.1  protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase 2 isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    Z95115
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam13469
    Location:125316
    Sulfotransfer_3; Sulfotransferase family
  4. NM_003595.5NP_003586.3  protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase 2 isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003586.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    Z95115
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13839.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O60704
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024R1G9
    Related
    ENSP00000339813.4, ENST00000338754.9
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam13469
    Location:71262
    Sulfotransfer_3; Sulfotransferase family

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20191205

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000022.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    26521996..26590132 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_024452294.1XP_024308062.1  protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase 2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam13469
    Location:141332
    Sulfotransfer_3; Sulfotransferase family
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