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POR cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 5447, updated on 22-Aug-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
PORprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
cytochrome p450 oxidoreductaseprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:9208
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000127948 MIM:124015
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CPR; CYPOR; P450R
Summary
This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum membrane oxidoreductase that is essential for multiple metabolic processes, including reactions catalyzed by cytochrome P450 proteins for metabolism of steroid hormones, drugs and xenobiotics. The encoded protein has a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-binding domain and a flavodoxin-like domain which bind two cofactors, FAD and FMN, that allow it to donate electrons directly from NADPH to all microsomal P450 enzymes. Mutations in this gene cause a complex set of disorders, including apparent combined P450C17 and P450C21 deficiency, amenorrhea and disordered steroidogenesis, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and Antley-Bixler syndrome, that resemble those caused by defects in steroid metabolizing enzymes such as aromatase, 21-hydroxylase, and 17 alpha-hydroxylase. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2020]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in liver (RPKM 99.7), adrenal (RPKM 78.6) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See POR in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
7q11.23
Exon count:
19
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 7 NC_000007.14 (75915155..75986855)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 7 NC_000007.13 (75544473..75616173)

Chromosome 7 - NC_000007.14Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene THO complex 4 pseudogene Neighboring gene rhomboid domain containing 2 Neighboring gene microRNA 4651 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L7 like 1 pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene small nucleolar RNA, H/ACA box 14A Neighboring gene transmembrane protein 120A Neighboring gene serine/threonine/tyrosine interacting like 1 Neighboring gene malate dehydrogenase 2 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 863, pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env HIV-1 gp160 interacts with POR; predicted interaction to be within the endoplasmic reticulum PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ26468, DKFZp686G04235

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables FMN binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables NADP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables NADPH-hemoprotein reductase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables NADPH-hemoprotein reductase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables NADPH-hemoprotein reductase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
enables cytochrome-b5 reductase activity, acting on NAD(P)H IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables electron transfer activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables enzyme binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables flavin adenine dinucleotide binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables hydrolase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables iron-cytochrome-c reductase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables nitric oxide dioxygenase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables oxidoreductase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in carnitine metabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular organofluorine metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cellular response to follicle-stimulating hormone stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to peptide hormone stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in demethylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in electron transport chain IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in fatty acid oxidation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in flavonoid metabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in internal peptidyl-lysine acetylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of lipase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in nitrate catabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in nitric oxide catabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of cholesterol biosynthetic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of chondrocyte differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of monooxygenase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of smoothened signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of steroid hormone biosynthetic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of growth plate cartilage chondrocyte proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to hormone IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in response to nutrient IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to xenobiotic stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in xenobiotic metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in cytosol IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in membrane HDA PubMed 
located_in mitochondrion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase
Names
NADPH--hemoprotein reductase
NADPH-dependent cytochrome P450 reductase
P450 (cytochrome) oxidoreductase
NP_001369586.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_008930.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..76754
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001367562.3NP_001354491.2  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
  2. NM_001382655.3NP_001369584.2  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
  3. NM_001382657.1NP_001369586.1  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06204
    Location:280679
    CYPOR; NADPH cytochrome p450 reductase (CYPOR) serves as an electron donor in several oxygenase systems and is a component of nitric oxide synthases and methionine synthase reductases. CYPOR transfers two electrons from NADPH to the heme of cytochrome p450 via ...
    pfam00258
    Location:85222
    Flavodoxin_1
  4. NM_001382658.3NP_001369587.2  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
  5. NM_001382659.3NP_001369588.2  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
  6. NM_001382662.3NP_001369591.2  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
  7. NM_001395413.1NP_001382342.1  NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC005067, AC006330
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5579.1

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000007.14 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    75915155..75986855
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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