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KIR2DL2 killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 3803, updated on 23-Nov-2023

Summary

Official Symbol
KIR2DL2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:6330
See related
MIM:604937
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
NKAT6; p58.2; CD158b; NKAT-6; CD158B1
Summary
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Annotation information
Annotation category: only annotated on alternate loci and patches unit in reference assembly
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Genomic context

See KIR2DL2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
19q13.4
Exon count:
8
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_35) NT_113949.2 (106543..121108, complement)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_12) NT_187638.1 (86166..100707, complement)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_16) NT_187642.1 (84686..99227, complement)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_18) NT_187644.1 (113614..128174, complement)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_22) NT_187670.1 (113706..128262, complement)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_29) NT_187677.1 (45681..60217)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_2) NW_003571055.2 (369241..402180)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (ALT_REF_LOCI_8) NW_003571061.2 (480740..495279)
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 (PATCHES) NW_016107310.1 (58738..116311)

NT_187638.1Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4 Neighboring gene putative killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor like protein KIR3DP1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3

NT_187642.1Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4 Neighboring gene putative killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor like protein KIR3DP1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3

NT_187644.1Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4 Neighboring gene putative killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor like protein KIR3DP1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3

NW_003571055.2Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene MPRA-validated peak3554 silencer Neighboring gene leukocyte immunoglobulin like receptor A4 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:54868647-54869166 Neighboring gene leukocyte associated immunoglobulin like receptor 1 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:54903053-54903600 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4

NT_187670.1Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4 Neighboring gene putative killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor like protein KIR3DP1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene BRD4-independent group 4 enhancer GRCh37_chr19:55246834-55248033 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3

NT_187677.1Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene putative killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor like protein KIR3DP1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4

NT_113949.2Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4 Neighboring gene putative killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor like protein KIR3DP1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3

NW_003571061.2Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 3 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and short cytoplasmic tail 2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:55431695-55432196 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:55432197-55432696 Neighboring gene natural cytotoxicity triggering receptor 1 Neighboring gene NLR family pyrin domain containing 7

NW_016107310.1Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor pseudogene 2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS2 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL5A Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101928804 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, three Ig domains pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene killer cell immunoglobulin like receptor, two Ig domains and long cytoplasmic tail 4

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env Amino-acid polymorphisms at positions W17 and M20 in HIV-1 Env inhibit KIR2DL2 in NK cells to recognize and bind to HIV-1-infected cells PubMed
Nef nef Amino-acid polymorphisms at positions S9 and L138 in HIV-1 Nef and Gag, respectively, inhibit KIR2DL2 in NK cells to recognize and bind to HIV-1-infected cells PubMed
Pr55(Gag) gag HIV-1 Gag peptides (Gag144-152, Gag163-171 and Gag295-304) enhance binding of KIR2DL2 to HLA-C03:04 and result in inhibition of KIR2DL2+ primary NK cells PubMed
gag HLA-C/HIV-1 Gag209-218 peptide complexes bind KIR2DL2, which results in functional inhibition of primary NK cells PubMed
gag Amino-acid polymorphisms at positions S9 and L138 in HIV-1 Nef and Gag, respectively, inhibit KIR2DL2 in NK cells to recognize and bind to HIV-1-infected cells PubMed
Vpu vpu Amino-acid polymorphisms at positions M71 and H74 in HIV-1 Vpu inhibit KIR2DL2 in NK cells to recognize and bind to HIV-1-infected cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2
Names
CD158 antigen-like family member B1
MHC class I NK cell receptor
killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 2
natural killer-associated transcript 6
p58 NK receptor CL-43
p58 natural killer cell receptor clone CL-43

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_005994.1 

    Range
    30696..45237
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_014219.3NP_055034.2  killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_055034.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    GU182359
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A7D5BUS2, A6NF71, D0UWM1, E3NZD3, Q6H2H0, Q8N742
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd00096
    Location:129133
    Ig; Ig strand A [structural motif]
    cd05711
    Location:28122
    IgC2_D2_LILR_KIR_like; Second immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain found in Leukocyte Ig-like receptors, Natural killer inhibitory receptors (KIRs) and similar domains; member of Immunoglobulin Constant-2 set of IgSF domains
    cl11960
    Location:128216
    Ig; Immunoglobulin domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 PATCHES

Genomic

  1. NW_016107310.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 PATCHES

    Range
    58738..116311
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_2

Genomic

  1. NW_003571055.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_2

    Range
    369241..402180
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_8

Genomic

  1. NW_003571061.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_8

    Range
    480740..495279
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_060077552.1XP_059933535.1  killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A7D5BUS2, A6NF71, D0UWM1, E3NZD3, Q6H2H0, Q8N742

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_12

Genomic

  1. NT_187638.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_12

    Range
    86166..100707 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_060077549.1XP_059933532.1  killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    C6EVR8, P43627, Q14951
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A0C4ZN23, Q6H2H0

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_16

Genomic

  1. NT_187642.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_16

    Range
    84686..99227 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_060077550.1XP_059933533.1  killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2 isoform X3

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A7D5BUS2, A6NF71, D0UWM1, E3NZD3, Q6H2H0, Q8N742

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_18

Genomic

  1. NT_187644.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_18

    Range
    113614..128174 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_22

Genomic

  1. NT_187670.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_22

    Range
    113706..128262 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_29

Genomic

  1. NT_187677.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_29

    Range
    45681..60217
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_060077551.1XP_059933534.1  killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2 isoform X4

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A7D5BUS2, A6NF71, D0UWM1, E3NZD3, Q6H2H0, Q8N742

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_35

Genomic

  1. NT_113949.2 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_35

    Range
    106543..121108 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)