Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

F13A1 coagulation factor XIII A chain [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 2162, updated on 12-Jan-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
F13A1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
coagulation factor XIII A chainprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:3531
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000124491 MIM:134570
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
F13A
Summary
This gene encodes the coagulation factor XIII A subunit. Coagulation factor XIII is the last zymogen to become activated in the blood coagulation cascade. Plasma factor XIII is a heterotetramer composed of 2 A subunits and 2 B subunits. The A subunits have catalytic function, and the B subunits do not have enzymatic activity and may serve as plasma carrier molecules. Platelet factor XIII is comprised only of 2 A subunits, which are identical to those of plasma origin. Upon cleavage of the activation peptide by thrombin and in the presence of calcium ion, the plasma factor XIII dissociates its B subunits and yields the same active enzyme, factor XIIIa, as platelet factor XIII. This enzyme acts as a transglutaminase to catalyze the formation of gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine crosslinking between fibrin molecules, thus stabilizing the fibrin clot. It also crosslinks alpha-2-plasmin inhibitor, or fibronectin, to the alpha chains of fibrin. Factor XIII deficiency is classified into two categories: type I deficiency, characterized by the lack of both the A and B subunits; and type II deficiency, characterized by the lack of the A subunit alone. These defects can result in a lifelong bleeding tendency, defective wound healing, and habitual abortion. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in placenta (RPKM 246.8), urinary bladder (RPKM 65.1) and 12 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See F13A1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
6p25.1
Exon count:
15
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 6 NC_000006.12 (6144078..6320691, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (6144311..6320924, complement)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105374898 Neighboring gene pyruvate kinase M1/2 pseudogene 5 Neighboring gene neuritin 1 Neighboring gene microRNA 7853 Neighboring gene microRNA 5683 Neighboring gene LY86 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene small nuclear RNA activating complex polypeptide 5 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene calponin 3 pseudogene 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Factor XIII subunit A deficiency
MedGen: C2750514 OMIM: 613225 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Myocardial infarction 1
MedGen: C1832662 OMIM: 608446 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Venous thrombosis Compare labs

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome wide association study (GWAS) of Chagas cardiomyopathy in Trypanosoma cruzi seropositive subjects.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association with MRI atrophy measures as a quantitative trait locus for Alzheimer's disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Ischemic stroke is associated with the ABO locus: the EuroCLOT study.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat Microarray analysis indicates HIV-1 Tat-induced downregulation of coagulation factor XIII, A1 polypeptide (F13A1) in primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Common Pathway of Fibrin Clot Formation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Common Pathway of Fibrin Clot Formation, organism-specific biosystemThe common pathway consists of the cascade of activation events leading from the formation of activated factor X to the formation of active thrombin, the cleavage of fibrinogen by thrombin, and the f...
  • Complement and coagulation cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Complement and coagulation cascades, organism-specific biosystemThe complement system is a proteolytic cascade in blood plasma and a mediator of innate immunity, a nonspecific defense mechanism against pathogens. There are three pathways of complement activation:...
  • Complement and coagulation cascades, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Complement and coagulation cascades, conserved biosystemThe complement system is a proteolytic cascade in blood plasma and a mediator of innate immunity, a nonspecific defense mechanism against pathogens. There are three pathways of complement activation:...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • Formation of Fibrin Clot (Clotting Cascade), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Formation of Fibrin Clot (Clotting Cascade), organism-specific biosystemThe formation of a fibrin clot at the site of an injury to the wall of a normal blood vessel is an essential part of the process to stop blood loss after vascular injury. The reactions that lead to ...
  • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-4 (IL4) is a principal regulatory cytokine during the immune response, crucially important in allergy and asthma (Nelms et al. 1999). When resting T cells are antigen-activated and expand...
  • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet activation begins with the initial binding of adhesive ligands and of the excitatory platelet agonists (released or generated at the sites of vascular trauma) to cognate receptors on the pla...
  • Platelet degranulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet degranulation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets function as exocytotic cells, secreting a plethora of effector molecules at sites of vascular injury. Platelets contain a number of distinguishable storage granules including alpha granules...
  • Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+, organism-specific biosystemActivation of phospholipase C enzymes results in the generation of second messengers of the phosphatidylinositol pathway. The events resulting from this pathway are a rise in intracellular calcium an...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
blood coagulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
blood coagulation, fibrin clot formation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
peptide cross-linking IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
platelet degranulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
coagulation factor XIII A chain
Names
FSF, A subunit
TGase
bA525O21.1 (coagulation factor XIII, A1 polypeptide)
coagulation factor XIII, A polypeptide
coagulation factor XIII, A1 polypeptide
coagulation factor XIIIa
factor XIIIa
fibrin stabilizing factor, A subunit
fibrinoligase
protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase A chain
transglutaminase A chain
transglutaminase. plasma
NP_000120.2

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_008107.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..181614
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_549

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000129.3NP_000120.2  coagulation factor XIII A chain precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000120.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB208852, AL157775, BP251770
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4496.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P00488
    Related
    ENSP00000264870.3, ENST00000264870.7
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    smart00460
    Location:309400
    TGc; Transglutaminase/protease-like homologues
    COG1305
    Location:284408
    YebA; Transglutaminase-like enzyme, putative cysteine protease [Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones]
    pfam00868
    Location:47164
    Transglut_N; Transglutaminase family
    pfam00927
    Location:519623
    Transglut_C; Transglutaminase family, C-terminal ig like domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    6144078..6320691 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
Support Center