Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

PIK3CB phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit beta [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 5291, updated on 19-Jul-2014
Official Symbol
PIK3CBprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit betaprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:8976
See related
HPRD:04234; MIM:602925
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
PI3K; PIK3C1; P110BETA; PI3KBETA
Summary
This gene encodes an isoform of the catalytic subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). These kinases are important in signaling pathways involving receptors on the outer membrane of eukaryotic cells and are named for their catalytic subunit. The encoded protein is the catalytic subunit for PI3Kbeta (PI3KB). PI3KB has been shown to be part of the activation pathway in neutrophils which have bound immune complexes at sites of injury or infection. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]
See PIK3CB in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
3q22.3
Exon count:
25
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 3 NC_000003.12 (138652698..138834938, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 3 NC_000003.11 (138371540..138553780, complement)

Chromosome 3 - NC_000003.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule Neighboring gene peptidylprolyl isomerase A (cyclophilin A) pseudogene Neighboring gene glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 39 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 40 Neighboring gene eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha 1 pseudogene 25 Neighboring gene ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial Fo complex, subunit C1 (subunit 9) pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene forkhead box L2

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 upregulates the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 via the p38 signaling pathway and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in astrocytes PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120-induced PI3-kinase activity and calcium mobilization are inhibited by pertussis toxin and blocking antibodies directed against CCR5 and CXCR4, suggesting that this signaling is mediated through these chemokine receptors PubMed
env CCR5 activation by gp120 triggers the assembly of endogenous Lyn, PI3K, and Pyk2 and is associated with PI3K and Pyk2 translocation from the cytoplasm to the membrane where they colocalized with Lyn PubMed
env Concomitant activation of Lyn, Pyk2, and class IA PI3K are required for gp120-induced IL-1beta production PubMed
env Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and erythropoietin treatment protect against HIV/gp120-mediated neuronal damage in culture and in vivo, in part, through cooperative activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/GSK-3beta signaling PubMed
env CD45 modulates HIV-1 gp120-induced apoptosis by regulating Fas ligand induction and activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway PubMed
env Pre-treatment of endothelial cells with fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) protects cells from HIV-1 gp120 angiotoxicity; this protection is regulated by crosstalk among the ERK, PI3K-AKT and PKC signaling pathways PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120-induced TNF-alpha production by primary human macrophages is mediated by phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) kinase and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways PubMed
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env HIV-1 gp160 disrupts the association between phospholipase C gamma-1 and phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3-kinase), and this effect is dependent on PI3-kinase activity PubMed
env PI3-kinase activation induced by HIV-1 gp160 leads to downregulation of LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesion to B cells PubMed
Nef nef Downregulation of cell surface major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) protein expression by HIV-1 Nef depends on a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-regulated signaling pathway, suggesting an interaction between Nef and PI3K PubMed
nef In the context of Nef-associated kinase complex (NAKC), hnRNP-K interacts with HIV-1 Nef and recruits LCK, PKCdelta, and PI-3 kinase PubMed
nef The presence of HIV-1 Nef in Jurkat cells stimulated with a combination of PMA and anti-CD28 upregulates the levels of PI3K production PubMed
nef The association of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) activated receptor was downregulated by HIV-1 nef expression PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat induces phosphorylation of PI3K, AKT, PTEN, and GSK-3beta activating PI3K and AKT and inactivating PTEN and GSK-3beta in vIL-6 expressing cells PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-induced upregulation of IDO production requires the activity of IFN-gamma signaling pathway such as JAK and PI3K in human monocyte derived-dendritic cells PubMed
tat PI3K/Akt, TRPC, and GSK3beta signaling pathways are all involved in PDGF-C mediated neuroprotection against HIV-1 Tat in human neuroblastoma cells PubMed
tat Arctigenin regulates the upstream PI3K enzyme from converting PIP2 to PIP3 in Tat-expressing CHME5 cells PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat in combination with KSHV kaposin A activates the MEK/ERK, STAT3, and PI3K/Akt signals in NIH3T3 cells PubMed
tat Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway is involved in HIV-1 Tat-induced NADPH oxidase stimulation and LTR transactivation PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-mediated cytopathic changes in human brain micro vascular endothelial cells involves its interaction with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) PubMed
tat Pro-survival effects of intracellular HIV-1 Tat in a microglial cell line is attributed to activation of the PI-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway via decreasing expression of PTEN, a negative regulator of the PI-3-K pathway PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), leading to the activation of Akt/PKB, decreased levels of cAMP and CREB phosphorylation, and the protection of cells from apoptosis PubMed
tat Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibits HIV-1 Tat-mediated transactivation of the HIV-1 LTR promoter by affecting the formation of the Tat-associated kinase transactivating complex PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat induced release of MCP-1 from human lung microvascular endothelial cells involves an interaction between Tat and PI3 kinase PubMed
tat Activation of protein kinase C-epsilon by HIV-1 Tat involves an interaction with PI 3-kinase PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • 3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from BIOCYC)
    3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystem: Phosphoinositides "Phosphoinositides" play a key role in signal transduction, transmitting signals from the cell surface to modulate intracellular processes. One well known phosphoinositide pathway...
  • 3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, conserved biosystem (from BIOCYC)
    3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, conserved biosystem|FRAME: Phosphoinositides "Phosphoinositides"| play a key role in signal transduction in the eukaryotic cell, transmitting signals from the cell surface to modulate intracellular processes. One well ...
  • AMPK signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    AMPK signaling, organism-specific biosystemAMPK signaling pathway, a fuel sensor and regulator, promotes ATP-producing and inhibits ATP-consuming pathways in various tissues. AMPK is a heterotrimer composed of alpha-catalytic and beta and gam...
  • AMPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    AMPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine threonine kinase that is highly conserved through evolution. AMPK system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status. It is activated by increases in th...
  • AMPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    AMPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine threonine kinase that is highly conserved through evolution. AMPK system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status. It is activated by increases in th...
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Acute myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of clonal neoplastic cells and accumulation in the bone marrow of blasts with an impaired differentiation...
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Acute myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of clonal neoplastic cells and accumulation in the bone marrow of blasts with an impaired differentiation...
  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
  • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
  • Alpha6-Beta4 Integrin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Alpha6-Beta4 Integrin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem"Integrins are cell surface heterodimeric protein complex consisting of one alpha and one beta chain. Integrins act as cell adhesion molecules as well as participate in cellular signaling. The ligand...
  • Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
  • Amoebiasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amoebiasis, conserved biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically controlled mechanisms of cell death involved in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. The 2 major pathways of apoptosis are the extrinsic (Fas and other TNFR superfamily me...
  • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically controlled mechanisms of cell death involved in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. The 2 major pathways of apoptosis are the extrinsic (Fas and other TNFR superfamily me...
  • B cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    B cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemB cells are an important component of adaptive immunity. They produce and secrete millions of different antibody molecules, each of which recognizes a different (foreign) antigen. The B cell receptor...
  • B cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    B cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemB cells are an important component of adaptive immunity. They produce and secrete millions of different antibody molecules, each of which recognizes a different (foreign) antigen. The B cell receptor...
  • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, organism-specific biosystemMany pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. Invasive bacteria induce their own uptake by non-ph...
  • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, conserved biosystemMany pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. Invasive bacteria induce their own uptake by non-ph...
  • CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    CXCR3-mediated signaling events
  • CXCR4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    CXCR4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    CXCR4-mediated signaling events
  • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
  • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
  • Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte extravasation is a rigorously controlled process that guides white cell movement from the vascular lumen to sites of tissue inflammation. The powerful adhesive interactions that are require...
  • Cell-Cell communication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell-Cell communication, organism-specific biosystemCell-to-Cell communication is crucial for multicellular organisms because it allows organisms to coordinate the activity of their cells. Some cell-to-cell communication requires direct cell-cell cont...
  • Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), organism-specific biosystemTrypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. The parasite life cycle involves hematophagous reduviid bugs as vectors. Once parasites enter the host body, they ...
  • Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), conserved biosystemTrypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. The parasite life cycle involves hematophagous reduviid bugs as vectors. Once parasites enter the host body, they ...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemAcetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in the central (and also peripheral, autonomic and enteric) nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, ACh facilitates many functions, such as lear...
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemChronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) originates in a pluripotent hematopoetic stem cell of the bone marrow and is characterized by greatly increased numbers of granulocytes in the blood. Myeloid and ot...
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemChronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) originates in a pluripotent hematopoetic stem cell of the bone marrow and is characterized by greatly increased numbers of granulocytes in the blood. Myeloid and ot...
  • Class I PI3K signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Class I PI3K signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    Class I PI3K signaling events
  • Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Constitutive PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemClass IA PI3K is a heterodimer of a p85 regulatory subunit (encoded by PIK3R1, PIK3R2 or PIK3R3) and a p110 catalytic subunit (encoded by PIK3CA, PIK3CB or PIK3CD). In the absence of activating signa...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
  • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemChanges in gene expression are required for the T cell to gain full proliferative competence and to produce effector cytokines. Three transcription factors in particular have been found to play a key...
  • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
  • Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemSecond messengers (calcium, diacylglycerol, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and phosphatidyinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate) trigger signaling pathways: NF-kappaB is activated via protein kinase C beta, RA...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • EGF receptor (ErbB1) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    EGF receptor (ErbB1) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    EGF receptor (ErbB1) signaling pathway
  • EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe androgen receptor is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand activated transcription factors. These receptors bind to steroid hormones, thyroid hormone, retinoids and vitamin D among ot...
  • Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
  • Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
  • ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
  • ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
  • ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    ErbB1 downstream signaling
  • ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events
  • ErbB4 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    ErbB4 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    ErbB4 signaling events
  • Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
  • Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
  • FAS (CD95) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    FAS (CD95) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    FAS (CD95) signaling pathway
  • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
  • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
  • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
  • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
  • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
  • Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is one of the important innate immune responses that function to eliminate invading infectious agents. Monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils are the professional phagocytic cells. Phag...
  • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe forkhead box O (FOXO) family of transcription factors regulates the expression of genes in cellular physiological events including apoptosis, cell-cycle control, glucose metabolism, oxidative str...
  • G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe G13 subunit is an alpha unit of heterotrimeric G proteins that regulates cell processes through the use of guanine nucleotide exchange factors. G13 regulates actin cytoskeletal remodeling in cell...
  • GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystemGAB1 is recruited to the activated EGFR indirectly, through GRB2. GAB1 acts as an adaptor protein that enables formation of an active PIK3, through recruitment of PIK3 regulatory subunit PIK3R1 (also...
  • GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe GPVI receptor is a complex of the GPVI protein with Fc epsilon R1 gamma (FcR). The Src family kinases Fyn and Lyn constitutively associate with the GPVI-FcR complex in platelets and initiate plat...
  • Glioma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glioma, organism-specific biosystemGliomas are the most common of the primary brain tumors and account for more than 40% of all central nervous system neoplasms. Gliomas include tumours that are composed predominantly of astrocytes (a...
  • Glioma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glioma, conserved biosystemGliomas are the most common of the primary brain tumors and account for more than 40% of all central nervous system neoplasms. Gliomas include tumours that are composed predominantly of astrocytes (a...
  • HIF-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HIF-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that functions as a master regulator of oxygen homeostasis. It consists of two subunits: an inducibly-expressed HIF-1alpha subunit and a c...
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
  • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
  • Hepatitis C, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis C, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. The HCV employ several strategies to perturb host cell immunity. After invasion, HCV RNA genome functions directly as an mRNA in the...
  • Hepatitis C, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis C, conserved biosystemHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. The HCV employ several strategies to perturb host cell immunity. After invasion, HCV RNA genome functions directly as an mRNA in the...
  • IGF1R signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IGF1R signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystemAfter autophosphorylation the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) binds and phosphorylates scaffold proteins, IRS1/2/4 and SHC1, which in turn bind effectors possessing enzymatic activ...
  • IRS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IRS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemRelease of phospho-IRS from the insulin receptor triggers a cascade of signalling events via PI3K, SOS, RAF and the MAP kinases.
  • IRS-related events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IRS-related events, organism-specific biosystemIRS is one of the mediators of insulin signalling events. It is activated by phosphorylation and triggers a cascade of events involving PI3K, SOS, RAF and the MAP kinases. The proteins mentioned unde...
  • IRS-related events triggered by IGF1R, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IRS-related events triggered by IGF1R, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphorylated type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor phosphorylates IR1, IRS2, IRS4 and possibly other IRS/DOK family members (reviewed in Pavelic et al. 2007, Chitnis et al. 2008, Maki et a...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
  • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
  • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inositol phosphate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem
    Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inositol phosphate metabolism, conserved biosystem
    Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInsulin signaling influences energy metabolism as well as growth. The presence of insulin signals the fed state, and this signal is passed via the AKT branch, which leads to the uptake of glucose fro...
  • Insulin receptor signalling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Insulin receptor signalling cascade, organism-specific biosystemAutophosphorylation of the insulin receptor triggers a series of signalling events, mediated by SHC or IRS, and resulting in activation of the Ras/RAF and MAP kinase cascades. A second effect of the ...
  • Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
  • Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
  • Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylation of Shc at three tyrosine residues, 239, 240 (Gotoh et al. 1996) and 317 (Salcini et al. 1994) involves unidentified tyrosine kinases presumed to be part of the activated receptor comp...
  • Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-2 (IL-2) is a cytokine that is produced by T cells in response to antigen stimulation. Originally, IL-2 was discovered because of its potent growth factor activity on activated T cells in...
  • Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5 and Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors form a family of heterodimeric receptors that have specific alpha chains but share a common beta...
  • Internalization of ErbB1, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Internalization of ErbB1, organism-specific biosystem
    Internalization of ErbB1
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • LPA receptor mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    LPA receptor mediated events, organism-specific biosystem
    LPA receptor mediated events
  • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
  • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
  • Measles, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Measles, organism-specific biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
  • Measles, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Measles, conserved biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
  • Melanoma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Melanoma, organism-specific biosystemMelanoma is a form of skin cancer that has a poor prognosis and which is on the rise in Western populations. Melanoma arises from the malignant transformation of pigment-producing cells, melanocytes...
  • Melanoma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Melanoma, conserved biosystemMelanoma is a form of skin cancer that has a poor prognosis and which is on the rise in Western populations. Melanoma arises from the malignant transformation of pigment-producing cells, melanocytes...
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway shows the role of microRNAs in the process of cardiac hypertrophy. MicroRNA targets were predicted by the TargetScan algorithm, and the predicted interactions are shown in red dashed lin...
  • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
  • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
  • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
  • Nephrin interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nephrin interactions, organism-specific biosystemNephrin is a member of the Super-IgG-Molecule family and is most prominently expressed in kidney podocytes. It is a major if not the most important structural component of the slit diaphragm, a modif...
  • Nephrin/Neph1 signaling in the kidney podocyte, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Nephrin/Neph1 signaling in the kidney podocyte, organism-specific biosystem
    Nephrin/Neph1 signaling in the kidney podocyte
  • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
  • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
  • Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
  • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
  • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • PI Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPhosphatidylinositol (PI), a membrane phospholipid, can be reversibly phosphorylated at the 3, 4, and 5 positions of the inositol ring to generate seven phosphoinositides: phosphatidylinositol 3-phos...
  • PI-3K cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI-3K cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe ability of growth factors to protect from apoptosis is primarily due to the activation of the AKT survival pathway. P-I-3-kinase dependent activation of PDK leads to the activation of AKT which i...
  • PI3K Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K Cascade, organism-specific biosystem
    PI3K Cascade
  • PI3K events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemERBB2:ERBB3 and ERBB2:ERBB4cyt1 heterodimers activate PI3K signaling by direct binding of PI3K regulatory subunit p85 (Yang et al. 2007, Cohen et al. 1996, Kaushansky et al. 2008) to phosphorylated t...
  • PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe CYT1 isoforms of ERBB4 possess a C-tail tyrosine residue that, upon trans-autophosphorylation, serves as a docking site for the p85 alpha subunit of PI3K - PIK3R1 (Kaushansky et al. 2008, Cohen e...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes how normal signaling by PI3K/AKT, presented in the contained module 'PIP3 Activates AKT Signaling' and recently reviewed by Manning and Cantley in 2007, is perturbed in cancer,...
  • PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystemPI3K/AKT signalling is a major regulator of neuron survival. It blocks cell death by both impinging on the cytoplasmic cell death machinery and by regulating the expression of genes involved in cell...
  • PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by AKT is one of the key outcomes of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) activation. AKT is activated by the cellular second messenger PIP3, a phospholipid that is generated by PI3K. In ustimula...
  • Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
  • Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, organism-specific biosystem
    Phosphatidylinositol signaling system
  • Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, conserved biosystem
    Phosphatidylinositol signaling system
  • Phospholipid metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Phospholipid metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipids contain a polar head group and two long-chain fatty acyl moieties, one of which is generally unsaturated. The head group is a glycerol or serine phosphate attached to a polar group such...
  • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
  • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet activation begins with the initial binding of adhesive ligands and of the excitatory platelet agonists (released or generated at the sites of vascular trauma) to cognate receptors on the pla...
  • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
  • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
  • Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL), a pleiotropic polypeptide hormone, mostly secreted by the lactotrophic cells of anterior pituitary gland and to a lesser extent expressed in numerous extra pituitary tissues such as ...
  • Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
  • Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
  • Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
  • Prostate cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prostate cancer, conserved biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Ras proteins are GTPases that function as molecular switches for signaling pathways regulating cell proliferation, survival, growth, migration, differentiation or cytoskeletal dynamism. Ras prote...
  • Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystemhttp://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa04810.html
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of signaling by CBL, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of signaling by CBL, organism-specific biosystemCbl is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that negatively regulates signaling pathways by targeting proteins for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation (Rao et al. 2002). Cbl negatively regulates PI3...
  • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • Renal cell carcinoma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Renal cell carcinoma, organism-specific biosystemRenal cell cancer (RCC) accounts for ~3% of human malignancies and its incidence appears to be rising. Although most cases of RCC seem to occur sporadically, an inherited predisposition to renal canc...
  • Renal cell carcinoma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Renal cell carcinoma, conserved biosystemRenal cell cancer (RCC) accounts for ~3% of human malignancies and its incidence appears to be rising. Although most cases of RCC seem to occur sporadically, an inherited predisposition to renal canc...
  • Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystemThe lipid raft resident adaptor molecules LAT1 and Non-T cell activation linker (NTAL), also known as linker for activation of B cells (LAB)/LAT2 are known participants in the regulation of mast cell...
  • Role of phospholipids in phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Role of phospholipids in phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipases play an integral role in phagocytosis by generating essential second messengers. An early step in phagocytic signaling is the association of PIP2 and IP3 with the phagocytic cup. These...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma, organism-specific biosystemThe most frequently altered genes in glioblastoma. This pathway originally accompanied the 2008 Nature publication on the comprehensive genomic characterization of human glioblastoma genes and core p...
  • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one member of the ERBB family of transmembrane glycoprotein tyrosine receptor kinases (RTK). Binding of EGFR to its ligands induces conformational chang...
  • Signaling by EGFR in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe pathway "Signaling by EGFR in Cancer" shows "Signaling by constitutively active EGFR" in parallel with "Signaling by EGFR". This allows users to compare signaling by constitutively active EGFR ca...
  • Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystemERBB2, also known as HER2 or NEU, is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) belonging to the EGFR family. ERBB2 possesses an extracellular domain that does not bind any known ligand, contrary to other EGFR...
  • Signaling by ERBB4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by ERBB4, organism-specific biosystemERBB4, also known as HER4, belongs to the ERBB family of receptors, which also includes ERBB1 (EGFR i.e. HER1), ERBB2 (HER2 i.e. NEU) and ERBB3 (HER3). Similar to EGFR, ERBB4 has an extracellular lig...
  • Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR in disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR in disease, organism-specific biosystemThe pathway 'Signaling by FGFR in disease' shows 'Signaling by FGFR mutants' in parallel with the wild-type pathway 'Signaling by FGFR', allowing users to compare disease and normal events. FGFR mut...
  • Signaling by Insulin receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Insulin receptor, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in receptor autophosphorylation on tyrosine residues and the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (e.g. IRS and Shc) by the insulin receptor...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
  • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of connective tissue cells such as fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells as well as other cells such as capillary end...
  • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemStem cell factor (SCF) is a growth factor with membrane bound and soluble forms. It is expressed by fibroblasts and endothelial cells throughout the body, promoting proliferation, migration, survival...
  • Signaling by Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R), organism-specific biosystemBinding of IGF1 (IGF-I) or IGF2 (IGF-II) to the extracellular alpha peptides of the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) triggers the activation of two major signaling pathways: the SOS...
  • Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystemIn normal development vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are crucial regulators of vascular development during embryogenesis (vasculogenesis) and blood-vessel formation in the adult (angioge...
  • Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed at the plasma membrane with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, F...
  • Signaling events mediated by TCPTP, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling events mediated by TCPTP, organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling events mediated by TCPTP
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Synthesis of PIPs at the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of PIPs at the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemAt the plasma membrane, subsequent phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) produces phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (...
  • T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
  • T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
  • TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe TCR is a multisubunit complex that consists of clonotypic alpha/beta chains noncovalently associated with the invariant CD3 delta/epsilon/gamma and TCR zeta chains. T cell activation by antigen p...
  • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
  • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
  • TRAIL signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    TRAIL signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    TRAIL signaling pathway
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Tie2 Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Tie2 Signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Tie2/Tek receptor tyrosine kinase plays a pivotal role in vascular and hematopoietic development and is expressed exclusively on endothelial lineage. Tie2 interacts with a group of ligands belong...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
  • Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
  • Type II diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type II diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystemInsulin resistance is strongly associated with type II diabetes. "Diabetogenic" factors including FFA, TNFalpha and cellular stress induce insulin resistance through inhibition of IRS1 functions. Ser...
  • Type II diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type II diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystemInsulin resistance is strongly associated with type II diabetes. "Diabetogenic" factors including FFA, TNFalpha and cellular stress induce insulin resistance through inhibition of IRS1 functions. Ser...
  • VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
  • VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
  • VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAngiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature. One of the most important proangiogenic factors is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF exerts its biologic...
  • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    mTOR signaling pathway
  • mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystem
    mTOR signaling pathway
  • superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds, organism-specific biosystem (from BIOCYC)
    superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds, organism-specific biosystem
    superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC133043, DKFZp779K1237

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
1-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
insulin receptor substrate binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
T cell receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
activation of MAPK activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
autophagy IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
blood coagulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cell migration TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cellular calcium ion homeostasis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chemotaxis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
embryonic cleavage IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
homophilic cell adhesion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
innate immune response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
insulin receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
leukocyte migration TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol biosynthetic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate biosynthetic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phospholipid metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
platelet activation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
platelet aggregation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of autophagy TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of cell-matrix adhesion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of clathrin-mediated endocytosis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
signal transduction NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
small molecule metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Preferred Names
phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoform
Names
phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoform
PI3K-beta
PtdIns-3-kinase p110
PI3-kinase subunit beta
PI3-kinase p110 subunit beta
ptdIns-3-kinase subunit beta
ptdIns-3-kinase subunit p110-beta
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, beta polypeptide
phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase 110 kDa catalytic subunit beta
phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase 110 kDa catalytic subunit beta
NP_001242974.1
NP_006210.1

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001256045.1NP_001242974.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoform isoform 2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR, lacks a portion of the 5' coding region, and initiates translation at a downstream AUG compared to variant 1. The resulting protein (isoform 2) is shorter and has a distinct N-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC020890, AC117389, AI623206, AK293754
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DER4
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd05173
    Location:218579
    Blast Score: 1991
    PI3Kc_IA_beta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), class IA, beta isoform, catalytic domain; The PI3K catalytic domain family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein ...
    cd00872
    Location:44214
    Blast Score: 761
    PI3Ka_I; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) class I, accessory domain ; PIK domain is conserved in all PI3 and PI4-kinases. Its role is unclear but it has been suggested to be involved in substrate presentation. In general, PI3K class I prefer phosphoinositol (4,5) ...
    cl14603
    Location:130
    Blast Score: 138
    C2; C2 domain
  2. NM_006219.2NP_006210.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoform isoform 1

    See proteins identical to NP_006210.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represent the longer transcript and encodes the longer protein (isoform 1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AC020890, AC117389, AI623206, BC114432
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS3104.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42338
    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd05173
    Location:7061067
    Blast Score: 2018
    PI3Kc_IA_beta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), class IA, beta isoform, catalytic domain; The PI3K catalytic domain family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein ...
    pfam02192
    Location:41118
    Blast Score: 354
    PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    cd08693
    Location:324501
    Blast Score: 734
    C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
    smart00144
    Location:180288
    Blast Score: 387
    PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, Ras-binding domain
    cd00872
    Location:532702
    Blast Score: 774
    PI3Ka_I; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) class I, accessory domain ; PIK domain is conserved in all PI3 and PI4-kinases. Its role is unclear but it has been suggested to be involved in substrate presentation. In general, PI3K class I prefer phosphoinositol (4,5) ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000003.12 

    Range
    138652698..138834938
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_005247532.1XP_005247589.1  

    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd05173
    Location:6891050
    Blast Score: 2018
    PI3Kc_IA_beta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), class IA, beta isoform, catalytic domain; The PI3K catalytic domain family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein ...
    pfam02192
    Location:41118
    Blast Score: 353
    PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    cd08693
    Location:324501
    Blast Score: 734
    C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
    smart00144
    Location:180288
    Blast Score: 387
    PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, Ras-binding domain
    cd00872
    Location:515685
    Blast Score: 772
    PI3Ka_I; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) class I, accessory domain ; PIK domain is conserved in all PI3 and PI4-kinases. Its role is unclear but it has been suggested to be involved in substrate presentation. In general, PI3K class I prefer phosphoinositol (4,5) ...
  2. XM_005247530.1XP_005247587.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005247587.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42338
    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd05173
    Location:7061067
    Blast Score: 2018
    PI3Kc_IA_beta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), class IA, beta isoform, catalytic domain; The PI3K catalytic domain family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein ...
    pfam02192
    Location:41118
    Blast Score: 354
    PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    cd08693
    Location:324501
    Blast Score: 734
    C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
    smart00144
    Location:180288
    Blast Score: 387
    PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, Ras-binding domain
    cd00872
    Location:532702
    Blast Score: 774
    PI3Ka_I; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) class I, accessory domain ; PIK domain is conserved in all PI3 and PI4-kinases. Its role is unclear but it has been suggested to be involved in substrate presentation. In general, PI3K class I prefer phosphoinositol (4,5) ...
  3. XM_006713659.1XP_006713722.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_006713722.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42338
    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd05173
    Location:7061067
    Blast Score: 2018
    PI3Kc_IA_beta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), class IA, beta isoform, catalytic domain; The PI3K catalytic domain family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein ...
    pfam02192
    Location:41118
    Blast Score: 354
    PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    cd08693
    Location:324501
    Blast Score: 734
    C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
    smart00144
    Location:180288
    Blast Score: 387
    PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, Ras-binding domain
    cd00872
    Location:532702
    Blast Score: 774
    PI3Ka_I; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) class I, accessory domain ; PIK domain is conserved in all PI3 and PI4-kinases. Its role is unclear but it has been suggested to be involved in substrate presentation. In general, PI3K class I prefer phosphoinositol (4,5) ...
  4. XM_005247531.1XP_005247588.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005247588.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42338
    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd05173
    Location:7061067
    Blast Score: 2018
    PI3Kc_IA_beta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), class IA, beta isoform, catalytic domain; The PI3K catalytic domain family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein ...
    pfam02192
    Location:41118
    Blast Score: 354
    PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    cd08693
    Location:324501
    Blast Score: 734
    C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
    smart00144
    Location:180288
    Blast Score: 387
    PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, Ras-binding domain
    cd00872
    Location:532702
    Blast Score: 774
    PI3Ka_I; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) class I, accessory domain ; PIK domain is conserved in all PI3 and PI4-kinases. Its role is unclear but it has been suggested to be involved in substrate presentation. In general, PI3K class I prefer phosphoinositol (4,5) ...

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000135.1 

    Range
    135746166..135853444
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018914.2 

    Range
    138335402..138442207
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)