Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

CDC34 cell division cycle 34 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 997, updated on 9-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
CDC34provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
cell division cycle 34provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:1734
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000099804 MIM:116948
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
UBC3; UBCH3; UBE2R1; E2-CDC34
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme family. Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme catalyzes the covalent attachment of ubiquitin to other proteins. This protein is a part of the large multiprotein complex, which is required for ubiquitin-mediated degradation of cell cycle G1 regulators, and for the initiation of DNA replication. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 23.4), placenta (RPKM 14.2) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See CDC34 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
19p13.3
Exon count:
6
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 19 NC_000019.10 (531720..542088)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (531720..542087)

Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105372232 Neighboring gene mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 Neighboring gene tubulin polyglutamylase complex subunit 1 Neighboring gene granzyme M Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105372233 Neighboring gene basigin (Ok blood group)

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

Related articles in PubMed

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vif vif CUL5/RBX2/ELOB/ELOC/Vif/CBF-beta complex catalyzes polyubiquitin chain formation on A3G in the presence of ubiquitin E2 UBE2R1 (CDC34) or UBCH5b (UBE2D2) PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystemIntracellular foreign or aberrant host proteins are cleaved into peptide fragments of a precise size, such that they can be loaded on to class I MHC molecules and presented externally to cytotoxic T ...
  • C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystemPathogen recognition is central to the induction of T cell differentiation. Groups of pathogens share similar structures known as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which are recognised ...
  • CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling, organism-specific biosystemCLEC7A (also known as Dectin-1) is a pattern-recognition receptor (PRR) expressed by myeloid cells (macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils) that detects pathogens by binding to beta-1,3-glucans...
  • Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystemMajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play an important role in cell mediated immunity by reporting on intracellular events such as viral infection, the presence of intracellular b...
  • Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemChanges in gene expression are required for the T cell to gain full proliferative competence and to produce effector cytokines. Three transcription factors in particular have been found to play a key...
  • FCERI mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    FCERI mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystemThe increase in intracellular Ca+2 in conjunction with DAG also activates PKC and RasGRP, which inturn contributes to cytokine production by mast cells (Kambayashi et al. 2007). Activation of the FCE...
  • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
  • Herpes simplex infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Herpes simplex infection, organism-specific biosystemHerpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are very common worldwide, with the prevalence of HSV-1 reaching up to 80%-90%. Primary infection with HSV takes place in the mucosa, followed by the establishme...
  • Herpes simplex infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Herpes simplex infection, conserved biosystemHerpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are very common worldwide, with the prevalence of HSV-1 reaching up to 80%-90%. Primary infection with HSV takes place in the mucosa, followed by the establishme...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • Protein ubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Protein ubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitin is a small, 76 amino acid residue protein that is conjugated by E3 ubiquitin ligases to other proteins in order to regulate their function or degradation (enzymatic cascade reviewed in Neut...
  • Synthesis of active ubiquitin: roles of E1 and E2 enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of active ubiquitin: roles of E1 and E2 enzymes, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitin monomers are processed from larger precursors and then activated by formation of a thiol ester bond between ubiquitin and a cysteine residue of an E1 activating enzyme (UBA1 or UBA6, Jin et...
  • TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe TCR is a multisubunit complex that consists of clonotypic alpha/beta chains noncovalently associated with the invariant CD3 delta/epsilon/gamma and TCR zeta chains. T cell activation by antigen p...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
  • protein ubiquitylation, organism-specific biosystem (from BIOCYC)
    protein ubiquitylation, organism-specific biosystem
    protein ubiquitylation

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin-protein transferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin-protein transferase activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
DNA replication initiation NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular protein modification process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to interferon-beta IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of cAMP-mediated signaling IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of inclusion body assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein K48-linked ubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein polyubiquitination IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein polyubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein ubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein ubiquitination NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein ubiquitination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
response to growth factor IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nuclear speck IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 R1
Names
(E3-independent) E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme R1
E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme R1
cell division cycle 34 homolog
ubiquitin carrier protein
ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2-32 KDA complementing
ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2-CDC34
ubiquitin-protein ligase R1
NP_004350.1
XP_005259747.1
XP_006723015.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_004359.2NP_004350.1  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 R1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004350.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC011531, AC011556
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12030.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P49427
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024R1Z1
    Related
    ENSP00000215574.2, ENST00000215574.8
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00195
    Location:11162
    UBCc; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, catalytic (UBCc) domain. This is part of the ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway in which a thiol-ester linkage forms between a conserved cysteine and the C-terminus of ubiquitin and complexes with ubiquitin ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    531720..542088
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006722952.2XP_006723015.1  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 R1 isoform X2

    Related
    ENSP00000475282.3, ENST00000586283.6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG5078
    Location:6162
    COG5078; Ubiquitin-protein ligase [Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones]
    cd00195
    Location:11162
    UBCc; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, catalytic (UBCc) domain. This is part of the ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway in which a thiol-ester linkage forms between a conserved cysteine and the C-terminus of ubiquitin and complexes with ubiquitin ...
  2. XM_005259690.3XP_005259747.1  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 R1 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG5078
    Location:6162
    COG5078; Ubiquitin-protein ligase [Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones]
    cd00195
    Location:11162
    UBCc; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, catalytic (UBCc) domain. This is part of the ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway in which a thiol-ester linkage forms between a conserved cysteine and the C-terminus of ubiquitin and complexes with ubiquitin ...
Support Center