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UBE2L6 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 L6 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9246, updated on 7-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
UBE2L6provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 L6provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:12490
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000156587 MIM:603890
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
RIG-B; UBCH8
Summary
The modification of proteins with ubiquitin is an important cellular mechanism for targeting abnormal or short-lived proteins for degradation. Ubiquitination involves at least three classes of enzymes: ubiquitin-activating enzymes (E1s), ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) and ubiquitin-protein ligases (E3s). This gene encodes a member of the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme family. This enzyme is highly similar in primary structure to the enzyme encoded by the UBE2L3 gene. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in spleen (RPKM 48.8), lymph node (RPKM 38.4) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See UBE2L6 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
11q12.1
Exon count:
5
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 11 NC_000011.10 (57551655..57568330, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (57319128..57335803, complement)

Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 605, pseudogene Neighboring gene translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 10 Neighboring gene smoothelin like 1 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 13 Neighboring gene serpin family G member 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Amyloid fiber formation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Amyloid fiber formation, organism-specific biosystemAmyloid is a term used to describe deposits of fibrillar proteins, typically extracellular. The abnormal accumulation of amyloid, amyloidosis, is a term associated with tissue damage caused by amyloi...
  • Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystemIntracellular foreign or aberrant host proteins are cleaved into peptide fragments of a precise size, such that they can be loaded on to class I MHC molecules and presented externally to cytotoxic T ...
  • Antiviral mechanism by IFN-stimulated genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antiviral mechanism by IFN-stimulated genes, organism-specific biosystemThe ISG proteins generated by IFN pathways plays key roles in the induction of innate and adaptive immune responses.
  • Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystemMajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play an important role in cell mediated immunity by reporting on intracellular events such as viral infection, the presence of intracellular b...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • DNA Damage Bypass, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Damage Bypass, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to various processes for removing lesions from the DNA, cells have developed specific mechanisms for tolerating unrepaired damage during the replication of the genome. These mechanisms ar...
  • DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystemDNA repair is a phenomenal multi-enzyme, multi-pathway system required to ensure the integrity of the cellular genome. Living organisms are constantly exposed to harmful metabolic by-products, enviro...
  • ISG15 antiviral mechanism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ISG15 antiviral mechanism, organism-specific biosystemInterferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is a member of the ubiquitin-like (Ubl) family. It is strongly induced upon exposure to type I Interferons (IFNs), viruses, bacterial LPS, and other stresses. On...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Interferon Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interferon Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterferons (IFNs) are cytokines that play a central role in initiating immune responses, especially antiviral and antitumor effects. There are three types of IFNs:Type I (IFN-alpha, -beta and others...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Negative regulators of RIG-I/MDA5 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Negative regulators of RIG-I/MDA5 signaling, organism-specific biosystemAs with other cytokine systems, production of type I IFN is a transient process, and can be hazardous to the host if unregulated, resulting in chronic cellular toxicity or inflammatory and autoimmune...
  • Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes the Parkin-Ubiquitin proteasome degradation system.
  • Parkinson's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Parkinson's disease, organism-specific biosystemParkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder that results primarily from the death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). Mutations...
  • Parkinsons Disease Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Parkinsons Disease Pathway, organism-specific biosystemMost people with Parkinson's disease have idiopathic Parkinson's disease (having no specific known cause). A small proportion of cases, however, can be attributed to known genetic factors. Mutations ...
  • RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystemRIG-I-like helicases (RLHs) the retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA5) are RNA helicases that recognize viral RNA present within the cytoplasm. F...
  • Termination of translesion DNA synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Termination of translesion DNA synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThe initiation and extent of translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) has to be tightly controlled in order to limit TLS-induced mutagenesis, caused by the low fidelity of TLS-participating DNA polymerases. S...
  • Translesion synthesis by Y family DNA polymerases bypasses lesions on DNA template, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Translesion synthesis by Y family DNA polymerases bypasses lesions on DNA template, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitous environmental and endogenous genotoxic agents cause DNA lesions that can interfere with normal DNA metabolism including DNA replication, eventually resulting in mutations that lead to carc...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
  • protein ubiquitylation, organism-specific biosystem (from BIOCYC)
    protein ubiquitylation, organism-specific biosystem
    protein ubiquitylation

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC40331

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ISG15 transferase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin binding EXP
Inferred from Experiment
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin protein ligase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin-protein transferase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ISG15-protein conjugation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cellular protein metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cellular protein modification process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of type I interferon production TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein ubiquitination IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
translesion synthesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
ubiquitin ligase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ubiquitin/ISG15-conjugating enzyme E2 L6
Names
E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme L6
retinoic acid induced gene B protein
ubiquitin carrier protein L6
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2L 6
ubiquitin-protein ligase L6
NP_004214.1
NP_937826.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_004223.5NP_004214.1  ubiquitin/ISG15-conjugating enzyme E2 L6 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004214.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC032491, H17887
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS7960.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O14933
    Related
    ENSP00000287156.4, ENST00000287156.8
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam00179
    Location:6144
    UQ_con; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme
  2. NM_198183.2NP_937826.1  ubiquitin/ISG15-conjugating enzyme E2 L6 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_937826.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) contains an alternate 5' exon and uses a downstream start codon, as compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) is thus shorter when it is compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK093462, DA097307, H17887
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS7961.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O14933
    Related
    ENSP00000341980.4, ENST00000340573.8
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam00179
    Location:178
    UQ_con; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000011.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    57551655..57568330 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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