U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

LPAR2 lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9170, updated on 23-Nov-2023

Summary

Official Symbol
LPAR2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:3168
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000064547 MIM:605110; AllianceGenome:HGNC:3168
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
EDG4; LPA2; EDG-4; LPA-2
Summary
This gene encodes a member of family I of the G protein-coupled receptors, as well as the EDG family of proteins. This protein functions as a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor and contributes to Ca2+ mobilization, a critical cellular response to LPA in cells, through association with Gi and Gq proteins. An alternative splice variant has been described but its full length sequence has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Broad expression in testis (RPKM 11.9), bone marrow (RPKM 11.1) and 22 other tissues See more
Orthologs
NEW
Try the new Gene table
Try the new Transcript table

Genomic context

See LPAR2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
19p13.11
Exon count:
3
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 NC_000019.10 (19623655..19628220, complement)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 19 NC_060943.1 (19761164..19765730, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (19734464..19739029, complement)

Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10447 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19650412-19651074 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 4095 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19656191-19656874 Neighboring gene cartilage intermediate layer protein 2 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19662820-19663379 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19671101-19671600 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19686115-19686616 Neighboring gene PBX homeobox 4 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19686617-19687116 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19690665-19691164 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14361 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14362 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19703425-19704049 Neighboring gene PHF5A pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14363 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14364 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14365 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10449 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19722648-19723212 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10450 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 12805 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10451 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19739417-19740339 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19753343-19754298 Neighboring gene GEM interacting protein Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10453 Neighboring gene ATPase 13A1 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19772231-19772878 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14368 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19773833-19774815

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide association analysis identifies 13 new risk loci for schizophrenia.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Genome-wide association study identifies novel loci associated with circulating phospho- and sphingolipid concentrations.
EBI GWAS Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2 (LPAR2) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa P4/R5 cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • FLJ93869

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables G protein-coupled receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables PDZ domain binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables lipid binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables lysophosphatidic acid receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in cell surface IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
colocalizes_with endocytic vesicle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in glutamatergic synapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
is_active_in plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in presynaptic active zone membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2
Names
G protein-coupled receptor
LPA receptor 2
LPA receptor EDG4
endothelial differentiation, lysophosphatidic acid G-protein-coupled receptor, 4
lysophosphatidic acid receptor EDG4
lysophosphatidic acid receptor Edg-4

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001395660.1NP_001382589.1  lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC011458
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12407.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O00543, O43431, Q9HBW0
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B2RE65, B3KVP9
    Related
    ENSP00000384665.3, ENST00000407877.8
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd15342
    Location:30303
    7tmA_LPAR2_Edg4; lysophosphatidic acid receptor subtype 2 (LPAR2 or LPA2), also called Endothelial differentiation gene 4 (Edg4), member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    19623655..19628220 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060943.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    19761164..19765730 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_004720.7: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_004720.7: This RefSeq was removed because currently there is support for the transcript but not for the protein.