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SPARC secreted protein acidic and cysteine rich [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6678, updated on 11-Jun-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
SPARCprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
secreted protein acidic and cysteine richprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:11219
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000113140 MIM:182120
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ON; ONT; OI17; BM-40
Summary
This gene encodes a cysteine-rich acidic matrix-associated protein. The encoded protein is required for the collagen in bone to become calcified but is also involved in extracellular matrix synthesis and promotion of changes to cell shape. The gene product has been associated with tumor suppression but has also been correlated with metastasis based on changes to cell shape which can promote tumor cell invasion. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2015]
Expression
Broad expression in fat (RPKM 883.5), placenta (RPKM 823.4) and 20 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See SPARC in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
5q33.1
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 5 NC_000005.10 (151661096..151686915, complement)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (151040657..151066476, complement)

Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene solute carrier family 36 member 1 Neighboring gene FAT atypical cadherin 2 Neighboring gene microRNA 6499 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105378231 Neighboring gene colorectal liver metastasis associated transcript 3 Neighboring gene RN7SK pseudogene 232 Neighboring gene ATOX1 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene antioxidant 1 copper chaperone

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables calcium ion binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables calcium ion binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables collagen binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables collagen binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables extracellular matrix binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables extracellular matrix structural constituent RCA
inferred from Reviewed Computational Analysis
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in anatomical structure development IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in extracellular matrix organization TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
involved_in heart development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in inner ear development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in lung development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of angiogenesis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in ossification IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in platelet degranulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of endothelial cell migration IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in receptor-mediated endocytosis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
involved_in regulation of cell morphogenesis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of synapse organization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to L-ascorbic acid IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to cAMP IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to cadmium ion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to calcium ion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to cytokine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to ethanol IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to glucocorticoid IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to gravity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to lead ion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to peptide hormone IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in wound healing IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in basement membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in cell surface IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in collagen-containing extracellular matrix HDA PubMed 
NOT located_in cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in endocytic vesicle lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in extracellular region HDA PubMed 
located_in extracellular region NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in extracellular space IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in glutamatergic synapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
NOT located_in mitochondrion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in nuclear matrix IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
NOT located_in plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in platelet alpha granule IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in platelet alpha granule lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in platelet alpha granule membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
SPARC
Names
basement-membrane protein 40
secreted protein, acidic, cysteine-rich (osteonectin)

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_042174.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5140..30959
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001309443.2NP_001296372.1  SPARC isoform 2 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001296372.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate in-frame splice junction at the 5' end of an exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (2) has the same N- and C-termini but is 1 aa shorter compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AL541830, BC072457, BI602719, BQ018477
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P09486
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd01328
    Location:70151
    FSL_SPARC; Follistatin-like SPARC (secreted protein, acidic, and rich in cysteines) domain; SPARC/BM-40/osteonectin is a multifunctional glycoprotein which modulates cellular interaction with the extracellular matrix by its binding to structural matrix proteins ...
    cd16231
    Location:154293
    EFh_SPARC_like; EF-hand, extracellular calcium-binding (EC) motif, found in secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) and similar proteins
  2. NM_001309444.2NP_001296373.1  SPARC isoform 3 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) uses an alternate splice junction at the 5' end of the last exon compared to variant 1, that causes a frameshift. The resulting isoform (3) has a longer and distinct C-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC011374, AL540785, BC072457, BI602719, BQ018477
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P09486
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd00252
    Location:154290
    SPARC_EC; SPARC_EC; extracellular Ca2+ binding domain (containing 2 EF-hand motifs) of SPARC and related proteins (QR1, SC1/hevin, testican and tsc-36/FRP). SPARC (BM-40) is a multifunctional glycoprotein, a matricellular protein, that functions to regulate ...
    cd01328
    Location:71152
    FSL_SPARC; Follistatin-like SPARC (secreted protein, acidic, and rich in cysteines) domain; SPARC/BM-40/osteonectin is a multifunctional glycoprotein which modulates cellular interaction with the extracellular matrix by its binding to structural matrix proteins ...
    pfam10591
    Location:153287
    SPARC_Ca_bdg; Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine Ca binding region
  3. NM_003118.4NP_003109.1  SPARC isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003109.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the predominant isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC072457, BQ018477
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4318.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P09486
    Related
    ENSP00000231061.4, ENST00000231061.9
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd01328
    Location:71152
    FSL_SPARC; Follistatin-like SPARC (secreted protein, acidic, and rich in cysteines) domain; SPARC/BM-40/osteonectin is a multifunctional glycoprotein which modulates cellular interaction with the extracellular matrix by its binding to structural matrix proteins ...
    cd16231
    Location:155294
    EFh_SPARC_like; EF-hand, extracellular calcium-binding (EC) motif, found in secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) and similar proteins

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    151661096..151686915 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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