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HAO2 hydroxyacid oxidase 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 51179, updated on 3-Jun-2018
Official Symbol
HAO2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
hydroxyacid oxidase 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4810
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000116882 MIM:605176; Vega:OTTHUMG00000012410
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
GIG16; HAOX2
Summary
This gene is one of three related genes that have 2-hydroxyacid oxidase activity. The encoded protein localizes to the peroxisome has the highest activity toward the substrate 2-hydroxypalmitate. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]
Expression
Biased expression in kidney (RPKM 63.1) and liver (RPKM 51.5) See more
Orthologs
See HAO2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
1p12
Exon count:
11
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 1 NC_000001.11 (119361913..119394130)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (119911399..119936753)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101929147 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985192 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1780 Neighboring gene RNA, U1 small nuclear 75, pseudogene Neighboring gene HAO2 intronic transcript 1 Neighboring gene HSD3B2 5' regulatory region Neighboring gene hydroxy-delta-5-steroid dehydrogenase, 3 beta- and steroid delta-isomerase 2 Neighboring gene glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 74

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Carbon metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Carbon metabolism, organism-specific biosystemCarbon metabolism is the most basic aspect of life. This map presents an overall view of central carbon metabolism, where the number of carbons is shown for each compound denoted by a circle, excludi...
  • Carbon metabolism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Carbon metabolism, conserved biosystemCarbon metabolism is the most basic aspect of life. This map presents an overall view of central carbon metabolism, where the number of carbons is shown for each compound denoted by a circle, excludi...
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem
    Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, conserved biosystem
    Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Metabolic pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Metabolic pathways, organism-specific biosystem
    Metabolic pathways
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • Peroxisomal lipid metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Peroxisomal lipid metabolism, organism-specific biosystemIn humans, the catabolism of phytanate, pristanate, and very long chain fatty acids as well as the first four steps of the biosynthesis of plasmalogens are catalyzed by peroxisomal enzymes. Defects i...
  • Peroxisome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Peroxisome, organism-specific biosystemPeroxisomes are essential organelles that play a key role in redox signalling and lipid homeostasis. They contribute to many crucial metabolic processes such as fatty acid oxidation, biosynthesis of ...
  • Peroxisome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Peroxisome, conserved biosystemPeroxisomes are essential organelles that play a key role in redox signalling and lipid homeostasis. They contribute to many crucial metabolic processes such as fatty acid oxidation, biosynthesis of ...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
(S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
(S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
FMN binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
FMN binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
long-chain-(S)-2-hydroxy-long-chain-acid oxidase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
long-chain-(S)-2-hydroxy-long-chain-acid oxidase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
long-chain-(S)-2-hydroxy-long-chain-acid oxidase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
medium-chain-(S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
oxidoreductase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
signaling receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
very-long-chain-(S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
fatty acid catabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
fatty acid oxidation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
fatty acid oxidation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein targeting to peroxisome TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
peroxisomal matrix TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
peroxisome IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
peroxisome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Preferred Names
hydroxyacid oxidase 2
Names
(S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase, peroxisomal
cell growth-inhibiting gene 16 protein
glycolate oxidase
hydroxyacid oxidase 2 (long chain)
long chain alpha-hydroxy acid oxidase
long-chain L-2-hydroxy acid oxidase
NP_001005783.2
NP_057611.1
XP_011539860.1
XP_011539863.2
XP_016856910.1
XP_024303252.1
XP_024303253.1
XP_024303254.1
XP_024303260.1
XP_024303261.1
XP_024303263.1
XP_024303266.1

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_011967.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    4998..30352
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001005783.2NP_001005783.2  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001005783.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) contains an alternate exon in the 5' region and initiates translation at an alternate start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) has a longer N-terminus than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA919149, AF231917, AK298289, BC020863
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS76196.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9NYQ3
    Related
    ENSP00000354314.4, OTTHUMP00000014339, ENST00000361035.8, OTTHUMT00000034532
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21356
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
    pfam01070
    Location:27360
    FMN_dh; FMN-dependent dehydrogenase
  2. NM_016527.3NP_057611.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_057611.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the shorter transcript. The encoded isoform (1) has a shorter N-terminus than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA919149, AF231917, AK298289, BC020863
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS901.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9NYQ3
    Related
    ENSP00000316339.3, OTTHUMP00000014486, ENST00000325945.3, OTTHUMT00000034984
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:8343
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    119361913..119394130
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017001421.1XP_016856910.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21326
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  2. XM_011541558.2XP_011539860.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X4

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    PLN02493
    Location:1311
    PLN02493; probable peroxisomal (S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase
    cd02809
    Location:8288
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  3. XM_024447486.1XP_024303254.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X3

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21301
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  4. XM_024447485.1XP_024303253.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X2

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:8313
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  5. XM_024447492.1XP_024303260.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X5

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21256
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  6. XM_024447484.1XP_024303252.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21326
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  7. XM_024447495.1XP_024303263.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X7

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21261
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  8. XM_024447493.1XP_024303261.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X6

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21286
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
  9. XM_024447498.1XP_024303266.1  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X9

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl28888
    Location:21153
    TIM_phosphate_binding; TIM barrel proteins share a structurally conserved phosphate binding motif and in general share an eight beta/alpha closed barrel structure. Specific for this family is the conserved phosphate binding site at the edges of strands 7 and 8. The phosphate ...
  10. XM_011541561.2XP_011539863.2  hydroxyacid oxidase 2 isoform X8

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd02809
    Location:21178
    alpha_hydroxyacid_oxid_FMN; Family of homologous FMN-dependent alpha-hydroxyacid oxidizing enzymes. This family occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Members of this family include flavocytochrome b2 (FCB2), glycolate oxidase (GOX), lactate monooxygenase (LMO), mandelate ...
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