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MCM5 minichromosome maintenance complex component 5 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 4174, updated on 9-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
MCM5provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
minichromosome maintenance complex component 5provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:6948
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000100297 MIM:602696
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CDC46; MGORS8; P1-CDC46
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is structurally very similar to the CDC46 protein from S. cerevisiae, a protein involved in the initiation of DNA replication. The encoded protein is a member of the MCM family of chromatin-binding proteins and can interact with at least two other members of this family. The encoded protein is upregulated in the transition from the G0 to G1/S phase of the cell cycle and may actively participate in cell cycle regulation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Broad expression in bone marrow (RPKM 35.9), lymph node (RPKM 27.6) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See MCM5 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
22q12.3
Exon count:
19
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 22 NC_000022.11 (35400123..35454942)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 22 NC_000022.10 (35796116..35820495)

Chromosome 22 - NC_000022.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene target of myb1 membrane trafficking protein Neighboring gene microRNA 6069 Neighboring gene heme oxygenase 1 Neighboring gene tRNA methyltransferase 11 homolog (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene Neighboring gene RASD family member 2

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr downregulates MCM5 in HeLa cells within 12 hours of exposure PubMed
retropepsin gag-pol Positional proteomics analysis identifies the cleavage of human minichromosome maintenance complex component 5 (MCM5) at amino acid residues 10-11 and 13-14 by the HIV-1 protease PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activation of ATR in response to replication stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of ATR in response to replication stress, organism-specific biosystemGenotoxic stress caused by DNA damage or stalled replication forks can lead to genomic instability. To guard against such instability, genotoxically-stressed cells activate checkpoint factors that ha...
  • Activation of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystemIn S. cerevisiae, two ORC subunits, Orc1 and Orc5, both bind ATP, and Orc1 in addition has ATPase activity. Both ATP binding and ATP hydrolysis appear to be essential functions in vivo. ATP binding b...
  • Assembly of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Assembly of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystemDNA replication pre-initiation in eukaryotic cells begins with the formation of the pre-replicative complex (pre-RC) during the late M phase and continues in the G1 phase of the mitotic cell cycle, a...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cell cycle is the series of events that takes place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication). Regulation of the cell cycle involves processes crucial to the survival of a c...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemA hallmark of the human cell cycle in normal somatic cells is its precision. This remarkable fidelity is achieved by a number of signal transduction pathways, known as checkpoints, which monitor cell...
  • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
  • Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Cell cycle, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, conserved biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystemStudies in the past decade have suggested that the basic mechanism of DNA replication initiation is conserved in all kingdoms of life. Initiation in unicellular eukaryotes, in particular Saccharomyce...
  • DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystemStudies in the past decade have suggested that the basic mechanism of DNA replication initiation is conserved in all kingdoms of life. Initiation in unicellular eukaryotes, in particular Saccharomyce...
  • DNA Replication Pre-Initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Replication Pre-Initiation, organism-specific biosystemAlthough, DNA replication occurs in the S phase of the cell cycle, the formation of the DNA replication pre-initiation complex begins during G1 phase.
  • DNA replication, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    DNA replication, organism-specific biosystemA complex network of interacting proteins and enzymes is required for DNA replication. Generally, DNA replication follows a multistep enzymatic pathway. At the DNA replication fork, a DNA helicase (D...
  • DNA replication, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    DNA replication, conserved biosystemA complex network of interacting proteins and enzymes is required for DNA replication. Generally, DNA replication follows a multistep enzymatic pathway. At the DNA replication fork, a DNA helicase (D...
  • DNA strand elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA strand elongation, organism-specific biosystemAccurate and efficient genome duplication requires coordinated processes to replicate two template strands at eucaryotic replication forks. Knowledge of the fundamental reactions involved in replicat...
  • G1 to S cell cycle control, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G1 to S cell cycle control, organism-specific biosystemIn the G1 phase there are two types of DNA damage responses, the p53-dependent and the p53-independent pathways. The p53-dependent responses inhibit CDKs through the up-regulation of genes encoding C...
  • G1/S Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G1/S Transition, organism-specific biosystemCyclin E - Cdk2 complexes control the transition from G1 into S-phase. In this case, the binding of p21Cip1/Waf1 or p27kip1 is inhibitory. Important substrates for Cyclin E - Cdk2 complexes include p...
  • G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemG2/M checkpoints include the checks for damaged DNA, unreplicated DNA, and checks that ensure that the genome is replicated once and only once per cell cycle. If cells pass these checkpoints, they f...
  • M/G1 Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    M/G1 Transition, organism-specific biosystemFinally, progression out of mitosis and division of the cell into two daughters (cytokinesis) requires the inactivation of Cyclin B - Cdc2 by ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of Cyclin A and B, which ...
  • MCM complex, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MCM complex, organism-specific biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Replication system
  • MCM complex, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MCM complex, conserved biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Replication system
  • Mitotic G1-G1/S phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic G1-G1/S phases, organism-specific biosystem
    Mitotic G1-G1/S phases
  • Orc1 removal from chromatin, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Orc1 removal from chromatin, organism-specific biosystem
    Orc1 removal from chromatin
  • Regulation of DNA replication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of DNA replication, organism-specific biosystemDNA replication is regulated at various levels via ORC proteins. This pathway includes annotation of individual events that lead to the regulation of replication.
  • Removal of licensing factors from origins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Removal of licensing factors from origins, organism-specific biosystemLicensing factors are removed from the origin by various means like biochemical modification (phosphorylation) or by physical association with other proteins. This pathway includes the annotations of...
  • S Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    S Phase, organism-specific biosystemDNA synthesis occurs in the S phase, or the synthesis phase, of the cell cycle. The cell duplicates its hereditary material, and two copies of the chromosome are formed. As DNA replication continues,...
  • Switching of origins to a post-replicative state, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Switching of origins to a post-replicative state, organism-specific biosystem
    Switching of origins to a post-replicative state
  • Synthesis of DNA, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of DNA, organism-specific biosystemThe actual synthesis of DNA occurs in the S phase of the cell cycle. This includes the initiation of DNA replication, when the first nucleotide of the new strand is laid down during the synthesis of ...
  • Unwinding of DNA, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Unwinding of DNA, organism-specific biosystemDNA Replication is regulated accurately and precisely by various protein complexes. Many members of the MCM protein family are assembled into the pre-Replication Complexes (pre-RC) at the end of M ph...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC5315

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
DNA replication origin binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
helicase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
DNA replication TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
DNA replication initiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
MCM complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
membrane HDA PubMed 
nuclear chromosome, telomeric region HDA PubMed 
nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
DNA replication licensing factor MCM5
Names
CDC46 homolog
MCM5 minichromosome maintenance deficient 5, cell division cycle 46
minichromosome maintenance deficient 5 (cell division cycle 46)
NP_006730.2
XP_006724305.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_006739.4NP_006730.2  DNA replication licensing factor MCM5

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_006730.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BM787690, X74795, Z82244
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13915.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P33992
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B1AHB0
    Related
    ENSP00000216122.3, ENST00000216122.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00350
    Location:133649
    MCM; minichromosome maintenance proteins
    pfam14551
    Location:35130
    MCM_N; MCM N-terminal domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000022.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    35400123..35454942
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006724242.4XP_006724305.1  DNA replication licensing factor MCM5 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd00009
    Location:376520
    AAA; The AAA+ (ATPases Associated with a wide variety of cellular Activities) superfamily represents an ancient group of ATPases belonging to the ASCE (for additional strand, catalytic E) division of the P-loop NTPase fold. The ASCE division also includes ABC, ...
    smart00350
    Location:133649
    MCM; minichromosome maintenance proteins
    pfam14551
    Location:34153
    MCM_N; MCM N-terminal domain
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