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SEC61G SEC61 translocon subunit gamma [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 23480, updated on 27-Nov-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
SEC61Gprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
SEC61 translocon subunit gammaprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:18277
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000132432 MIM:609215
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
SSS1
Summary
The Sec61 complex is the central component of the protein translocation apparatus of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Oligomers of the Sec61 complex form a transmembrane channel where proteins are translocated across and integrated into the ER membrane. This complex consists of three membrane proteins- alpha, beta, and gamma. This gene encodes the gamma-subunit protein. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in colon (RPKM 71.5), prostate (RPKM 56.4) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See SEC61G in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
7p11.2
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 7 NC_000007.14 (54752247..54759246, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 7 NC_000007.13 (54819940..54826939, complement)

Chromosome 7 - NC_000007.14Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 1125, pseudogene Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L31 pseudogene 35 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100996654 Neighboring gene Rho GTPase activating protein 5 pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genetic Loci Associated with Circulating Levels of Very Long-Chain Saturated Fatty Acids.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
GWAS identifies novel SLE susceptibility genes and explains the association of the HLA region.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of Sec61 gamma subunit (SEC61G) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa P4/R5 cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Antigen processing-Cross presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antigen processing-Cross presentation, organism-specific biosystemMHC class I molecules generally present peptide antigens derived from proteins synthesized by the cell itself to CD8+ T cells. However, in some circumstances, antigens from extracellular environment ...
  • Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystemMajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play an important role in cell mediated immunity by reporting on intracellular events such as viral infection, the presence of intracellular b...
  • ER-Phagosome pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ER-Phagosome pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe other TAP-dependent cross-presentation mechanism in phagocytes is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-phagosome model. Desjardins proposed that ER is recruited to the cell surface, where it fuses wit...
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • IRE1alpha activates chaperones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IRE1alpha activates chaperones, organism-specific biosystemIRE1-alpha is a single-pass transmembrane protein that resides in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. The C-terminus of IRE1-alpha is located in the cytosol; the N-terminus is located in the ER ...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Phagosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Phagosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Protein export, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein export, organism-specific biosystemThe protein export is the active transport of proteins from the cytoplasm to the exterior of the cell, or to the periplasmic compartment in Gram-negative bacteria. The sec dependent pathway is the ge...
  • Protein export, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein export, conserved biosystemThe protein export is the active transport of proteins from the cytoplasm to the exterior of the cell, or to the periplasmic compartment in Gram-negative bacteria. The sec dependent pathway is the ge...
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane, organism-specific biosystemThe process for translation of a protein destined for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) branches from the canonical cytoslic translation process at the point when a nascent polypeptide containing a hydr...
  • Sec61 complex, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Sec61 complex, organism-specific biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Protein processing
  • Sec61 complex, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Sec61 complex, conserved biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Protein processing
  • Translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Translation, organism-specific biosystemProtein synthesis is accomplished through the process of translation of an mRNA sequence into a polypeptide chain. This process can be divided into three distinct stages: initiation, elongation and ...
  • Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), organism-specific biosystemThe Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) is a regulatory system that protects the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) from overload. The UPR is provoked by the accumulation of improperly folded protein in the ER d...
  • Vibrio cholerae infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vibrio cholerae infection, organism-specific biosystemCholera toxin (CTX) is one of the main virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae. Once secreted, CTX B-chain (CTXB) binds to ganglioside GM1 on the surface of the host's cells. After binding takes place, ...
  • Vibrio cholerae infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vibrio cholerae infection, conserved biosystemCholera toxin (CTX) is one of the main virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae. Once secreted, CTX B-chain (CTXB) binds to ganglioside GM1 on the surface of the host's cells. After binding takes place, ...
  • XBP1(S) activates chaperone genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    XBP1(S) activates chaperone genes, organism-specific biosystemXbp-1 (S) binds the sequence CCACG in ER Stress Responsive Elements (ERSE, consensus sequence CCAAT (N)9 CCACG) located upstream from many genes. The ubiquitous transcription factor NF-Y, a heterotri...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
P-P-bond-hydrolysis-driven protein transmembrane transporter activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein transmembrane transporter activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
protein targeting to ER ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein transmembrane transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
protein transport protein Sec61 subunit gamma
Names
SEC61 translocon gamma subunit
Sec61 gamma subunit
protein transport protein SEC61 gamma subunit

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001012456.1NP_001012474.1  protein transport protein Sec61 subunit gamma

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001012474.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate splice site in the 5' UTR, compared to variant 1. Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF086539, BU932672, CD385140
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5513.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P60059
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024QYZ0
    Related
    ENSP00000378906.3, ENST00000395535.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00481
    Location:1268
    SecE; SecE/Sec61-gamma subunits of protein translocation complex
  2. NM_014302.4NP_055117.1  protein transport protein Sec61 subunit gamma

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_055117.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript. Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF086539, BU932672, CD385140
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5513.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P60059
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024QYZ0
    Related
    ENSP00000341538.4, ENST00000352861.9
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00481
    Location:1268
    SecE; SecE/Sec61-gamma subunits of protein translocation complex

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109.20190905

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000007.14 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    54752247..54759246 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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