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CTSG cathepsin G [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 1511, updated on 7-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
CTSGprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
cathepsin Gprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:2532
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000100448 MIM:116830
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CG; CATG
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene, a member of the peptidase S1 protein family, is found in azurophil granules of neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes. The encoded protease has a specificity similar to that of chymotrypsin C, and may participate in the killing and digestion of engulfed pathogens, and in connective tissue remodeling at sites of inflammation. In addition, the encoded protein is antimicrobial, with bacteriocidal activity against S. aureus and N. gonorrhoeae. Transcript variants utilizing alternative polyadenylation signals exist for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]
Expression
Restricted expression toward bone marrow (RPKM 1559.4) See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See CTSG in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
14q12
Exon count:
5
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 14 NC_000014.9 (24573518..24576260, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 14 NC_000014.8 (25042724..25045466, complement)

Chromosome 14 - NC_000014.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101927045 Neighboring gene chymase 1 Neighboring gene granzyme H Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107984667 Neighboring gene granzyme B

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • ACE Inhibitor Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    ACE Inhibitor Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe core of this pathway was elucidated over a century ago and involves the conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I (Ang I) by renin, its subsequent conversion to angiotensin II (Ang II) by an...
  • Activation of Matrix Metalloproteinases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of Matrix Metalloproteinases, organism-specific biosystemThe matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), previously known as matrixins, are classically known to be involved in the turnover of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. However, recent high throughput pro...
  • Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
  • Amoebiasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amoebiasis, conserved biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
  • Antimicrobial peptides, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antimicrobial peptides, organism-specific biosystemAntimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small molecular weight proteins with broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against bacteria, viruses, and fungi (Zasloff M 2002; Radek K & Gallo R 2007). The majo...
  • Degradation of the extracellular matrix, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Degradation of the extracellular matrix, organism-specific biosystemMatrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), previously referred to as matrixins because of their role in degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), are zinc and calcium dependent proteases belonging to the...
  • Extracellular matrix organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Extracellular matrix organization, organism-specific biosystemThe extracellular matrix is a component of all mammalian tissues, a network consisting largely of the fibrous proteins collagen, elastin and associated-microfibrils, fibronectin and laminins embedded...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Lysosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Lysosome, organism-specific biosystemLysosomes are membrane-delimited organelles in animal cells serving as the cell's main digestive compartment to which all sorts of macromolecules are delivered for degradation. They contain more than...
  • Lysosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Lysosome, conserved biosystemLysosomes are membrane-delimited organelles in animal cells serving as the cell's main digestive compartment to which all sorts of macromolecules are delivered for degradation. They contain more than...
  • Metabolism of Angiotensinogen to Angiotensins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of Angiotensinogen to Angiotensins, organism-specific biosystemAngiotensinogen, a prohormone, is synthesized and secreted mainly by the liver but also from other tissues (reviewed in Fyhrquist and Saijonmaa 2008, Cat and Touyz 2011). Renin, an aspartyl protease ...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neutrophil degranulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neutrophil degranulation, organism-specific biosystemNeutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes (white blood cells), indispensable in defending the body against invading microorganisms. In response to infection, neutrophils leave the circulation and ...
  • Peptide hormone metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Peptide hormone metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPeptide hormones are cleaved from larger precursors in the secretory system (endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, secretory granules) of the cell. After secretion peptide hormones are modified and...
  • Regulation of Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) transport and uptake by Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Proteins (IGFBPs), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) transport and uptake by Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Proteins (IGFBPs), organism-specific biosystemThe family of Insulin like Growth Factor Binding Proteins (IGFBPs) share 50% amino acid identity with conserved N terminal and C terminal regions responsible for binding Insulin like Growth Factors I...
  • Renin-angiotensin system, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Renin-angiotensin system, organism-specific biosystemThe renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a peptidergic system with endocrine characteristics regarding to the regulation of the blood pressure and hydro-electrolytic balance. In the classical RAS, the ...
  • Renin-angiotensin system, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Renin-angiotensin system, conserved biosystemThe renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a peptidergic system with endocrine characteristics regarding to the regulation of the blood pressure and hydro-electrolytic balance. In the classical RAS, the ...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC23078

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
heparin binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
peptidase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
serine-type endopeptidase activity EXP
Inferred from Experiment
more info
PubMed 
serine-type endopeptidase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
serine-type endopeptidase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
serine-type peptidase activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
angiotensin maturation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
antibacterial humoral response IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
antimicrobial humoral response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cellular protein metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cellular response to lipopolysaccharide IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
defense response to Gram-negative bacterium IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
defense response to fungus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular matrix disassembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
immune response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neutrophil degranulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
neutrophil mediated killing of gram-positive bacterium IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of immune response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein phosphorylation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
proteolysis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
cathepsin G
NP_001902.1
XP_011534801.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001911.3NP_001902.1  cathepsin G preproprotein

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001902.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL136018
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9631.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P08311
    Related
    ENSP00000216336.2, ENST00000216336.2
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00190
    Location:21241
    Tryp_SPc; Trypsin-like serine protease; Many of these are synthesized as inactive precursor zymogens that are cleaved during limited proteolysis to generate their active forms. Alignment contains also inactive enzymes that have substitutions of the catalytic triad ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000014.9 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    24573518..24576260 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011536499.1XP_011534801.1  cathepsin G isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00020
    Location:34252
    Tryp_SPc; Trypsin-like serine protease
    cd00190
    Location:35255
    Tryp_SPc; Trypsin-like serine protease; Many of these are synthesized as inactive precursor zymogens that are cleaved during limited proteolysis to generate their active forms. Alignment contains also inactive enzymes that have substitutions of the catalytic triad ...
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