U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

IL24 interleukin 24 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 11009, updated on 17-Sep-2022

Summary

Official Symbol
IL24provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
interleukin 24provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:11346
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000162892 MIM:604136; AllianceGenome:HGNC:11346
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
C49A; FISP; MDA7; MOB5; ST16; IL10B
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the IL10 family of cytokines. It was identified as a gene induced during terminal differentiation in melanoma cells. The protein encoded by this gene can induce apoptosis selectively in various cancer cells. Overexpression of this gene leads to elevated expression of several GADD family genes, which correlates with the induction of apoptosis. The phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK7/P38), and heat shock 27kDa protein 1 (HSPB2/HSP27) are found to be induced by this gene in melanoma cells, but not in normal immortal melanocytes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in lymph node (RPKM 12.3), spleen (RPKM 9.6) and 6 other tissues See more
Orthologs
NEW
Try the new Gene table
Try the new Transcript table

Genomic context

See IL24 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
1q32.1
Exon count:
6
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
110 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 1 NC_000001.11 (206897443..206904139)
110 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 1 NC_060925.1 (206161748..206168444)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (207070788..207077484)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene interleukin 20 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105372879 Neighboring gene Fc mu receptor Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L13a pseudogene 8 Neighboring gene negCOR silencer S10

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
EBI GWAS Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env A synthetic peptide corresponding to the immunosuppressive domain (amino acids 574-592) of HIV-1 gp41 upregulates the expression of interleukin 24 (IL24) in peptide-treated PBMCs PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables cytokine activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to interleukin-4 IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of cell migration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of cell population proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of cell population proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in serine phosphorylation of STAT protein IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in signal transduction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in wound healing IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in extracellular space IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
interleukin-24
Names
IL-4-induced secreted protein
melanocyte-associated Mda-7
melanoma differentiation-associated gene 7 protein
suppression of tumorigenicity 16 (melanoma differentiation)

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_029565.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..11697
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001185156.1NP_001172085.1  interleukin-24 isoform 3 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001172085.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) uses an alternate in-frame splice site in the 5' coding region, compared to variant 1, resulting in an isoform (3) that is 1 aa longer than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AY641441, BC009681, BP222545
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS53465.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13007
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A7R8C2Y5
    Related
    ENSP00000375795.3, ENST00000391929.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl02501
    Location:74201
    IL10; Interleukin 10
  2. NM_001185157.1NP_001172086.1  interleukin-24 isoform 4 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001172086.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4, also known as IL-24 delE5) uses an alternate in-frame splice site in the 5' coding region, and lacks an alternate in-frame exon in the central coding region, compared to variant 1, resulting in an isoform (4) that is shorter than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AY641441, BP222545
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS53466.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13007
    Related
    ENSP00000356060.3, ENST00000367093.3
  3. NM_001185158.1NP_001172087.1  interleukin-24 isoform 5

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001172087.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5, also known as mda-7s) lacks two alternate coding exons, which results in a frameshift in the central and 3' coding regions, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (5, also known as MDA-7S) shares the same N-terminus but has a distinct and shorter C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AY641441, BP222545, BP222651
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS73021.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13007
    Related
    ENSP00000484900.1, ENST00000611909.4
  4. NM_006850.3NP_006841.1  interleukin-24 isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_006841.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AY641441, BP222545, U16261
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1471.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13007, Q96KG4
    Related
    ENSP00000294984.2, ENST00000294984.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl02501
    Location:73200
    IL10; Interleukin 10

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 110 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    206897443..206904139
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_047441763.1XP_047297719.1  interleukin-24 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A7R8C2Y5
  2. XM_047441774.1XP_047297730.1  interleukin-24 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q96KG4
  3. XM_011509101.3XP_011507403.1  interleukin-24 isoform X3

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011507403.1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl02501
    Location:46173
    IL10; Interleukin 10

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060925.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    206161748..206168444
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_181339.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_181339.1: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because currently there is support for the transcript but not for the protein.