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GNA13 G protein subunit alpha 13 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 10672, updated on 2-Oct-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
GNA13provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
G protein subunit alpha 13provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4381
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000120063 MIM:604406; Vega:OTTHUMG00000179316
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
G13
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in bone marrow (RPKM 46.2), lymph node (RPKM 22.6) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See GNA13 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
17q24.1
Exon count:
6
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 17 NC_000017.11 (65009289..65056802, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (63005407..63052920, complement)

Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985000 Neighboring gene SLC16A6 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene archaelysin family metallopeptidase 2 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105371864 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100507002

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Common genetic variants and gene expression associated with white matter microstructure in the human brain.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemApelin is an endogenous peptide capable of binding the apelin receptor (APJ), which was originally described as an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Apelin and APJ are widely expressed in various ti...
  • CXCR4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    CXCR4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    CXCR4-mediated signaling events
  • Cell death signalling via NRAGE, NRIF and NADE, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell death signalling via NRAGE, NRIF and NADE, organism-specific biosystemp75NTR is a key regulator of neuronal apoptosis, both during development and after injury. Apoptosis is triggered by binding of either mature neurotrophin or proneurotrophin (proNGF, proBDNF). ProNG...
  • G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystemG proteins, short for guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, are a family of proteins involved in second messenger cascades. G proteins are so called because they function as "molecular switches". They...
  • G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe G12/13 family is probably the least well characterized subtype, partly because G12/13 coupling is difficult to determine when compared with the other subtypes which predominantly rely on assay te...
  • G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe G13 subunit is an alpha unit of heterotrimeric G proteins that regulates cell processes through the use of guanine nucleotide exchange factors. G13 regulates actin cytoskeletal remodeling in cell...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
  • Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHuman thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary lobe, which plays an important physiological role in regulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-th...
  • LPA receptor mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    LPA receptor mediated events, organism-specific biosystem
    LPA receptor mediated events
  • Long-term depression, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Long-term depression, organism-specific biosystemCerebellar long-term depression (LTD), thought to be a molecular and cellular basis for cerebellar learning, is a process involving a decrease in the synaptic strength between parallel fiber (PF) and...
  • Long-term depression, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Long-term depression, conserved biosystemCerebellar long-term depression (LTD), thought to be a molecular and cellular basis for cerebellar learning, is a process involving a decrease in the synaptic strength between parallel fiber (PF) and...
  • NRAGE signals death through JNK, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NRAGE signals death through JNK, organism-specific biosystemOnce bound by either NGF or proNGF, p75NTR interacts with NRAGE, thus leading to phosphorylation and activation of JUN Kinase (JNK). JNK controls apoptosis in two ways: it induces transcription of pr...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
  • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
  • Plasma membrane estrogen receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Plasma membrane estrogen receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    Plasma membrane estrogen receptor signaling
  • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
  • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet activation begins with the initial binding of adhesive ligands and of the excitatory platelet agonists (released or generated at the sites of vascular trauma) to cognate receptors on the pla...
  • Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystemhttp://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa04810.html
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Rho GTPase cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Rho GTPase cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cycling of Rho GTPases is tightly controlled by three classes of protein. These are (1) guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitors or GDIs, which maintain Rho proteins in an inactive state in the...
  • S1P2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    S1P2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    S1P2 pathway
  • S1P3 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    S1P3 pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    S1P3 pathway
  • S1P4 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    S1P4 pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    S1P4 pathway
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signal amplification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal amplification, organism-specific biosystemIn the initial response to injury, platelets adhere to damaged blood vessels, responding to the exposure of collagen from the vascular epithelium. Once adhered they degranulate, releasing stored seco...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystemThe Rho family of small guanine nucleotide binding proteins is one of five generally recognized branches of the Ras superfamily. Like most Ras superfamily members, typical Rho proteins function as bi...
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
  • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
  • Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) pathway
  • Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs), organism-specific biosystemThrombin activates proteinase activated receptors (PARs) that signal through heterotrimeric G proteins of the G12/13 and Gq families, thereby connecting to a host of intracellular signaling pathways....
  • Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor, organism-specific biosystemThromboxane (TXA2) binds to the thromboxane receptor (TP). There are 2 splice variant forms of TP, differing in their cytoplasmic carboxyl terminal tails. TP beta was first identified in endothelial ...
  • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
  • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemBesides signalling through the tyrosine kinase receptors TRK A, B, and C, the mature neurotrophins NGF, BDNF, and NT3/4 signal through their common receptor p75NTR. NGF binding to p75NTR activates a ...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC46138

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
D5 dopamine receptor binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
G protein-coupled receptor binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
G-protein beta/gamma-subunit complex binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
GTPase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTPase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Rho protein signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
activation of phospholipase D activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-activating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-modulating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-modulating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
branching involved in blood vessel morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
in utero embryonic development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
platelet activation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of cell migration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of cell shape IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
brush border membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
focal adhesion HDA PubMed 
heterotrimeric G-protein complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
melanosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
membrane HDA PubMed 
nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit alpha-13
Names
g alpha-13
guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 13

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001282425.1NP_001269354.1  guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit alpha-13 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001269354.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate 5' terminal exon which results in the use of a downstream AUG compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) has a shorter N-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC037487, AK302400, AW298099
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS62302.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q14344
    Related
    ENSP00000439647.1, OTTHUMP00000261128, ENST00000541118.1, OTTHUMT00000445721
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00066
    Location:1276
    G-alpha; Alpha subunit of G proteins (guanine nucleotide binding)
  2. NM_006572.5NP_006563.2  guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit alpha-13 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_006563.2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AC037487, AF493902, AW298099, DC335364
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS11661.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q14344
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024R8M0
    Related
    ENSP00000400717.2, OTTHUMP00000261127, ENST00000439174.6, OTTHUMT00000445720
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    smart00275
    Location:29375
    G_alpha; G protein alpha subunit

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    65009289..65056802 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011524202.1XP_011522504.1  guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit alpha-13 isoform X1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011522504.1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl21455
    Location:49187
    P-loop_NTPase; P-loop containing Nucleoside Triphosphate Hydrolases
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