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ALYREF Aly/REF export factor [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 10189, updated on 5-Sep-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
ALYREFprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
Aly/REF export factorprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:19071
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000183684 MIM:604171
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ALY; BEF; REF; THOC4; ALY/REF
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a heat stable, nuclear protein and functions as a molecular chaperone. It is thought to regulate dimerization, DNA binding, and transcriptional activity of basic region-leucine zipper (bZIP) proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in bone marrow (RPKM 44.1), testis (RPKM 33.0) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See ALYREF in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
17q25.3
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 17 NC_000017.11 (81887835..81891587, complement)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (79845711..79849463, complement)

Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit beta Neighboring gene Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha Neighboring gene anaphase promoting complex subunit 11 Neighboring gene phosphate cytidylyltransferase 2, ethanolamine Neighboring gene neuropeptide B Neighboring gene sirtuin 7

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env Tandem affinity purification and mass spectrometry analysis identify Aly/REF export factor (ALYREF; THO complex subunit 4, THOC4), HIV-1 Gag, Gag/Pol, gp120, and Nef incorporated into staufen1 RNP complexes isolated from HIV-1-expressing cells PubMed
Gag-Pol gag-pol Tandem affinity purification and mass spectrometry analysis identify Aly/REF export factor (ALYREF; THO complex subunit 4, THOC4), HIV-1 Gag, Gag/Pol, gp120, and Nef incorporated into staufen1 RNP complexes isolated from HIV-1-expressing cells PubMed
Nef nef Tandem affinity purification and mass spectrometry analysis identify Aly/REF export factor (ALYREF; THO complex subunit 4, THOC4), HIV-1 Gag, Gag/Pol, gp120, and Nef incorporated into staufen1 RNP complexes isolated from HIV-1-expressing cells PubMed
Pr55(Gag) gag Tandem affinity purification and mass spectrometry analysis identify Aly/REF export factor (ALYREF; THO complex subunit 4, THOC4), HIV-1 Gag, Gag/Pol, gp120, and Nef incorporated into staufen1 RNP complexes isolated from HIV-1-expressing cells PubMed
Rev rev HIV-1 Rev specifically inhibits the association of ALY/REF and UAP56 with spliced RRE-containing RNA PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables C5-methylcytidine-containing RNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables RNA binding HDA PubMed 
enables mRNA binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
part_of catalytic step 2 spliceosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
colocalizes_with chromosome, telomeric region IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
located_in membrane HDA PubMed 
located_in nuclear speck IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of transcription export complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
THO complex subunit 4
Names
THO complex 4
ally of AML-1 and LEF-1
bZIP enhancing factor
bZIP-enhancing factor BEF
tho4
transcriptional coactivator Aly/REF

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_005782.4NP_005773.3  THO complex subunit 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BC052302, BU624466
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS32768.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q86V81
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    E9PB61
    Related
    ENSP00000421592.2, ENST00000505490.3
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    COG0724
    Location:114210
    RRM; RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain [Translation, ribosomal structure and biogenesis]
    cd12680
    Location:114187
    RRM_THOC4; RNA recognition motif in THO complex subunit 4 (THOC4) and similar proteins
    pfam07078
    Location:423
    FYTT; Forty-two-three protein

RNA

  1. NR_158770.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC145207

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    81887835..81891587 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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