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TBCD tubulin folding cofactor D [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6904, updated on 6-Nov-2022

Summary

Official Symbol
TBCDprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
tubulin folding cofactor Dprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:11581
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000141556 MIM:604649; AllianceGenome:HGNC:11581
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
tfcD; PEBAT; SSD-1
Summary
Cofactor D is one of four proteins (cofactors A, D, E, and C) involved in the pathway leading to correctly folded beta-tubulin from folding intermediates. Cofactors A and D are believed to play a role in capturing and stabilizing beta-tubulin intermediates in a quasi-native confirmation. Cofactor E binds to the cofactor D/beta-tubulin complex; interaction with cofactor C then causes the release of beta-tubulin polypeptides that are committed to the native state. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 5.2), thyroid (RPKM 5.0) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See TBCD in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
17q25.3
Exon count:
58
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
110 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 17 NC_000017.11 (82752065..82945914)
110 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 17 NC_060941.1 (83626412..83817896) , (83927275..83965530)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (80709941..80903790)

Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene fructosamine 3 kinase related protein Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 591 Neighboring gene fructosamine 3 kinase Neighboring gene zinc finger protein 750 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124904096 Neighboring gene TBCD intron CAGE-defined B cell enhancer Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124904095 Neighboring gene UDP-GlcNAc:betaGal beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase like 1 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 7018 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124904094

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • KIAA0988

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables GTPase activator activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables GTPase activator activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables GTPase activator activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
enables beta-tubulin binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables beta-tubulin binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables chaperone binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in adherens junction assembly IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in adherens junction assembly ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in bicellular tight junction assembly IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in bicellular tight junction assembly ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in cell morphogenesis involved in neuron differentiation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in microtubule cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in mitotic cell cycle IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of cell-substrate adhesion ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of microtubule polymerization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in post-chaperonin tubulin folding pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in protein folding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in protein folding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in protein folding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of catalytic activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in tubulin complex assembly IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in adherens junction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in bicellular tight junction ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
located_in centrosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytoplasm IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
is_active_in lateral plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in lateral plasma membrane ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
located_in microtubule TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
tubulin-specific chaperone D
Names
beta-tubulin cofactor D

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_011721.2 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5002..198851
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001411101.1NP_001398030.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC024361, AC068014, AC087222, AC130371
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS92423.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HLI2
  2. NM_001411102.1NP_001398031.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC024361, AC068014, AC087222, AC130371
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS92421.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJ32
  3. NM_005993.5NP_005984.3  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005984.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC130371, BC003094, BC012824, BI464569
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS45818.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9BTW9, Q9Y2J3
    Related
    ENSP00000347719.4, ENST00000355528.9
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:8971087
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:63914
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 110 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    82752065..82945914
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006722290.3XP_006722353.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X2

    Related
    ENSP00000507337.1, ENST00000684544.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:8701060
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:63887
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  2. XM_011523590.2XP_011521892.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X7

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HI02
    Related
    ENSP00000506837.1, ENST00000684408.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:778968
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:63795
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  3. XM_005256396.5XP_005256453.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X1

    Related
    ENSP00000508364.1, ENST00000682722.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:8801070
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:342897
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  4. XM_047436615.1XP_047292571.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X3

  5. XM_047436619.1XP_047292575.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X9

  6. XM_047436617.1XP_047292573.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X5

    Related
    ENSP00000440671.2, ENST00000539345.6
  7. XM_047436623.1XP_047292579.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X18

    Related
    ENSP00000506994.1, ENST00000683041.1
  8. XM_017024988.2XP_016880477.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X21

  9. XM_047436626.1XP_047292582.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X25

  10. XM_017024987.2XP_016880476.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X4

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HIN6
    Related
    ENSP00000507153.1, ENST00000684188.1
  11. XM_047436616.1XP_047292572.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X4

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HIN6
  12. XM_047436618.1XP_047292574.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X8

  13. XM_011523589.3XP_011521891.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X6

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:782972
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:244799
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  14. XM_011523591.3XP_011521893.2  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X11

  15. XM_011523593.3XP_011521895.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X10

    Related
    ENST00000682610.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:646836
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:108663
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  16. XM_047436624.1XP_047292580.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X19

  17. XM_017024990.3XP_016880479.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Related
    ENSP00000507651.1, ENST00000683821.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:338525
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:290352
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  18. XM_006722291.5XP_006722354.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X15

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:465655
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:4482
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  19. XM_024450902.2XP_024306670.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:338525
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:290352
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  20. XM_005256399.6XP_005256456.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X14

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:469659
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:12486
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  21. XM_047436622.1XP_047292578.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X17

  22. XM_047436628.1XP_047292584.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X27

  23. XM_024450899.2XP_024306667.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:338525
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:290352
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  24. XM_024450900.2XP_024306668.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:338525
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:290352
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  25. XM_005256404.5XP_005256461.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_005256461.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:338525
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:290352
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  26. XM_047436629.1XP_047292585.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Related
    ENST00000684559.1
  27. XM_047436621.1XP_047292577.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X13

  28. XM_047436625.1XP_047292581.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X20

  29. XM_011523595.4XP_011521897.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X16

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:462652
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:49479
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  30. XM_011523594.3XP_011521896.2  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X12

  31. XM_011523600.4XP_011521902.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X28

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011521902.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A804HJU6
    Related
    ENSP00000507232.1, ENST00000682315.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:338525
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:290352
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  32. XM_011523597.3XP_011521899.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X22

    Related
    ENST00000683839.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:384574
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:339401
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  33. XM_011523599.3XP_011521901.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X24

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:381571
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:336398
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  34. XM_011523598.2XP_011521900.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X23

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam12612
    Location:383573
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
    cl19887
    Location:338400
    TFCD_C; Tubulin folding cofactor D C terminal
  35. XM_017024989.2XP_016880478.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X26

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

Genomic

  1. NT_187612.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

    Range
    155511..177989 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060941.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    83626412..83817896
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
  2. NC_060941.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    83927275..83965530
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_047446781.1XP_047302737.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X29

  2. XM_047446782.1XP_047302738.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X30

  3. XM_047446783.1XP_047302739.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X31

  4. XM_047446787.1XP_047302743.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X35

  5. XM_047446798.1XP_047302754.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X46

  6. XM_047446801.1XP_047302757.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X21

  7. XM_047446805.1XP_047302761.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X25

  8. XM_047446784.1XP_047302740.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X32

  9. XM_047446789.1XP_047302745.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X37

  10. XM_047446785.1XP_047302741.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X33

  11. XM_047446788.1XP_047302744.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X36

  12. XM_047446786.1XP_047302742.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X34

  13. XM_047446791.1XP_047302747.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X39

  14. XM_047446790.1XP_047302746.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X38

  15. XM_047446799.1XP_047302755.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X47

  16. XM_047446810.1XP_047302766.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X54

  17. XM_047446795.1XP_047302751.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X43

  18. XM_047446807.1XP_047302763.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X53

  19. XM_047446797.1XP_047302753.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X45

  20. XM_047446794.1XP_047302750.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X42

  21. XM_047446808.1XP_047302764.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X54

  22. XM_047446809.1XP_047302765.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X54

  23. XM_047446811.1XP_047302767.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X54

  24. XM_047446792.1XP_047302748.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X40

  25. XM_047446796.1XP_047302752.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X44

  26. XM_047446800.1XP_047302756.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X48

  27. XM_047446793.1XP_047302749.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X41

  28. XM_047446802.1XP_047302758.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X49

  29. XM_047446804.1XP_047302760.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X51

  30. XM_047446803.1XP_047302759.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X50

  31. XM_047446806.1XP_047302762.1  tubulin-specific chaperone D isoform X52

RNA

  1. XR_007087795.1 RNA Sequence

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_001033052.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_001033052.1: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because it is a nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) candidate.