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ABCG4 ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 4 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 64137, updated on 18-Nov-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
ABCG4provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 4provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:13884
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000172350 MIM:607784; Vega:OTTHUMG00000166169
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
WHITE2
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. ABC proteins transport various molecules across extra- and intra-cellular membranes. ABC genes are divided into seven distinct subfamilies (ABC1, MDR/TAP, MRP, ALD, OABP, GCN20, White). The encoded protein is a member of the White subfamily and plays an important role in cellular cholesterol homeostasis. This protein functions as either a homodimer or as a heterodimer with another ABC subfamily protein such as ABCG1. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2017]
Expression
Biased expression in testis (RPKM 2.4), brain (RPKM 2.0) and 8 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ABCG4 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
11q23.3
Exon count:
17
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 11 NC_000011.10 (119149040..119162666)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (119019750..119033375)

Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene C2CD2 like Neighboring gene histone H4 transcription factor Neighboring gene NLR family member X1 Neighboring gene PDZ domain containing 3

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • ABC transporters, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    ABC transporters, organism-specific biosystemThe ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form one of the largest known protein families, and are widespread in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. They couple ATP hydrolysis to active transport of ...
  • ABC transporters, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    ABC transporters, conserved biosystemThe ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form one of the largest known protein families, and are widespread in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. They couple ATP hydrolysis to active transport of ...
  • ABC transporters in lipid homeostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ABC transporters in lipid homeostasis, organism-specific biosystemA defined subset of the ABC transporter superfamily, the ABCA transporters, are highly expressed in monocytes and macrophages and are regulated by cholesterol flux which may indicate their role in in...
  • ABC-family proteins mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ABC-family proteins mediated transport, organism-specific biosystemThe ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of active transporters involves a large number of functionally diverse transmembrane proteins. They transport a variety of compounds through membranes agai...
  • Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ATPase activity, coupled to transmembrane movement of substances IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cholesterol transporter activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein homodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
cellular response to leukemia inhibitory factor IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cholesterol efflux IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cholesterol efflux TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
transmembrane transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
transmembrane transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 4
Names
ATP-binding cassette, sub-family G (WHITE), member 4
putative ABC transporter

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_047178.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..18627
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001142505.1NP_001135977.1  ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 4 isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001135977.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR compared to variant 1. Variants 1, 2, and 3 all encode the same isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC041091, DA241043
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8415.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H172
    Related
    ENSP00000479253.1, OTTHUMP00000276016, ENST00000615496.4, OTTHUMT00000388215
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl28180
    Location:44646
    PRK10535; macrolide transporter ATP-binding /permease protein; Provisional
  2. NM_001348191.1NP_001335120.1  ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 4 isoform a

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR compared to variant 1. Variants 1, 2, and 3 all encode the same isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    AP002956, KF511131
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8415.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H172
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl28180
    Location:44646
    PRK10535; macrolide transporter ATP-binding /permease protein; Provisional
  3. NM_001348192.1NP_001335121.1  ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 4 isoform b

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) differs in the 5' UTR and coding sequence compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) has a shorter and distinct N-terminus compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    AP002956, KF511131
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H172
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl28180
    Location:18585
    PRK10535; macrolide transporter ATP-binding /permease protein; Provisional
  4. NM_022169.4NP_071452.2  ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 4 isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_071452.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longer isoform (a). Variants 1, 2, and 3 all encode the same isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC041091, DA093690
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8415.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H172
    Related
    ENSP00000481728.1, OTTHUMP00000276015, ENST00000619701.4, OTTHUMT00000388213
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl28180
    Location:44646
    PRK10535; macrolide transporter ATP-binding /permease protein; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000011.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    119149040..119162666
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011542952.2XP_011541254.1  ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 4 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H172
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd03213
    Location:10219
    ABCG_EPDR; Eye pigment and drug resistance transporter subfamily G of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily
    TIGR00955
    Location:15582
    3a01204; The Eye Pigment Precursor Transporter (EPP) Family protein
    pfam01061
    Location:313515
    ABC2_membrane; ABC-2 type transporter
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