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PPL periplakin [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 5493, updated on 7-Jan-2024

Summary

Official Symbol
PPLprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
periplakinprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:9273
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000118898 MIM:602871; AllianceGenome:HGNC:9273
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a component of desmosomes and of the epidermal cornified envelope in keratinocytes. The N-terminal domain of this protein interacts with the plasma membrane and its C-terminus interacts with intermediate filaments. Through its rod domain, this protein forms complexes with envoplakin. This protein may serve as a link between the cornified envelope and desmosomes as well as intermediate filaments. AKT1/PKB, a protein kinase mediating a variety of cell growth and survival signaling processes, is reported to interact with this protein, suggesting a possible role for this protein as a localization signal in AKT1-mediated signaling. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in esophagus (RPKM 300.0) and skin (RPKM 63.7) See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See PPL in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
16p13.3
Exon count:
23
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 16 NC_000016.10 (4882507..4937148, complement)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 16 NC_060940.1 (4911997..4966688, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 16 NC_000016.9 (4932508..4987149, complement)

Chromosome 16 - NC_000016.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene glyoxylate reductase 1 homolog Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124903638 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 10345 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 10346 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4897448-4898290 Neighboring gene MED14-independent group 3 enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4901871-4903070 Neighboring gene MED14-independent group 3 enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4908973-4910172 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr16:4920799-4920984 Neighboring gene ubinuclein 1 Neighboring gene MPRA-validated peak2474 silencer Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4935135-4935635 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4945259-4946104 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124903637 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105371064 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4968443-4968998 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4978324-4978894 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 7170 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4992871-4993384 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4993385-4993898 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4993899-4994412 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:4997813-4998570 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:5008323-5008858 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:5019509-5020008 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 439 Neighboring gene SEC14 like lipid binding 5 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr16:5051228-5051419 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:5060637-5061160 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:5061161-5061684 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 11332 Neighboring gene MED14-independent group 3 enhancer GRCh37_chr16:5078448-5079647 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr16:5083173-5083674 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 10347 Neighboring gene NAGPA antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphodiester alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide association study of monoamine metabolite levels in human cerebrospinal fluid.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Genome-wide gene-environment interaction analysis for asbestos exposure in lung cancer susceptibility.
EBI GWAS Catalog

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • KIAA0568, MGC134872

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables cadherin binding HDA PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables structural constituent of cytoskeleton TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables structural molecule activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in intermediate filament cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in keratinization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to mechanical stimulus IEP
Inferred from Expression Pattern
more info
PubMed 
involved_in wound healing IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in cornified envelope TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in cytoplasm ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
located_in cytoskeleton TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in desmosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
colocalizes_with intermediate filament IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
is_active_in membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in plasma membrane ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
periplakin
Names
190 kDa paraneoplastic pemphigus antigen
195 kDa cornified envelope precursor protein

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_002705.5NP_002696.4  periplakin

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC027687
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS10526.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O60314, O60437, O60454, Q14C98
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8
    Related
    ENSP00000340510.2, ENST00000345988.7
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    smart00250
    Location:16571685
    PLEC; Plectin repeat
    cl02488
    Location:215389
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    cl25732
    Location:7961587
    SMC_N; RecF/RecN/SMC N terminal domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000016.10 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    4882507..4937148 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017023375.3XP_016878864.1  periplakin isoform X2

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8
  2. XM_006720902.5XP_006720965.1  periplakin isoform X3

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    pfam05483
    Location:8021559
    SCP-1; Synaptonemal complex protein 1 (SCP-1)
    smart00250
    Location:16701698
    PLEC; Plectin repeat
    cl02488
    Location:228402
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    cl19219
    Location:9141008
    DUF342; Protein of unknown function (DUF342)
  3. XM_017023374.3XP_016878863.1  periplakin isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060940.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    4911997..4966688 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_054380585.1XP_054236560.1  periplakin isoform X3

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8
  2. XM_054380584.1XP_054236559.1  periplakin isoform X2

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8
  3. XM_054380583.1XP_054236558.1  periplakin isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    K7EKI8