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COQ6 coenzyme Q6, monooxygenase [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 51004, updated on 10-Dec-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
COQ6provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
coenzyme Q6, monooxygenaseprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:20233
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000119723 MIM:614647
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CGI10; CGI-10; COQ10D6
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the ubiH/COQ6 family. It is an evolutionarily conserved monooxygenase required for the biosynthesis of coenzyme Q10 (or ubiquinone), which is an essential component of the mitochondrial electron transport chain, and one of the most potent lipophilic antioxidants implicated in the protection of cell damage by reactive oxygen species. Knockdown of this gene in mouse and zebrafish results in decreased growth due to increased apoptosis. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal recessive coenzyme Q10 deficiency-6 (COQ10D6), which manifests as nephrotic syndrome with sensorineural deafness. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in adrenal (RPKM 8.7), testis (RPKM 8.2) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See COQ6 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
14q24.3
Exon count:
15
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20191205 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 14 NC_000014.9 (73949934..73963670)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 14 NC_000014.8 (74416637..74429815)

Chromosome 14 - NC_000014.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene prostaglandin reductase 2 Neighboring gene zinc finger protein 410 Neighboring gene FAM161 centrosomal protein B Neighboring gene ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 5 (inactive) Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L41 pseudogene 4 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory regions 4216 and 10298 Neighboring gene basal body orientation factor 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ51173, FLJ53037, FLJ58904, FLJ79255

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Process Evidence Code Pubs
oxidation-reduction process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ubiquinone biosynthetic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquinone biosynthetic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Golgi apparatus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell projection IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extrinsic component of mitochondrial inner membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
mitochondrion IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
mitochondrion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial
Names
coenzyme Q10 monooxygenase 6
coenzyme Q6 homolog, monooxygenase
NP_872282.1
NP_872286.2
XP_006720219.1
XP_011535109.1
XP_011535110.1
XP_011535111.1
XP_011535112.1
XP_016876840.1
XP_016876841.1
XP_024305387.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_032805.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..18179
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_182476.3NP_872282.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_872282.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    AC005480, BC014181, BX342249
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9823.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9Y2Z9
    Related
    ENSP00000333946.2, ENST00000334571.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    TIGR01988
    Location:48467
    Ubi-OHases; Ubiquinone biosynthesis hydroxylase, UbiH/UbiF/VisC/COQ6 family
    TIGR01989
    Location:48463
    COQ6; ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6
  2. NM_182480.2NP_872286.2  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform b

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_872286.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR and 5' coding region, and uses an alternate start codon, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) has a distinct N-terminus and is shorter than isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK296040, BC014181
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9824.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9Y2Z9
    Related
    ENSP00000377594.4, ENST00000394026.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    TIGR01988
    Location:38442
    Ubi-OHases; Ubiquinone biosynthesis hydroxylase, UbiH/UbiF/VisC/COQ6 family
    cl21454
    Location:30438
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000014.9 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    73949934..73963670
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011536809.3XP_011535111.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011535111.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A0D9SFJ1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    TIGR01988
    Location:45392
    Ubi-OHases; Ubiquinone biosynthesis hydroxylase, UbiH/UbiF/VisC/COQ6 family
    cl21454
    Location:45388
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  2. XM_011536807.2XP_011535109.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    TIGR01988
    Location:48431
    Ubi-OHases; Ubiquinone biosynthesis hydroxylase, UbiH/UbiF/VisC/COQ6 family
    cl21454
    Location:48427
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  3. XM_011536810.3XP_011535112.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X4

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl21454
    Location:48297
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  4. XM_017021352.2XP_016876841.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X6

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl21454
    Location:3261
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  5. XM_006720156.1XP_006720219.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X3

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    TIGR01988
    Location:1358
    Ubi-OHases; Ubiquinone biosynthesis hydroxylase, UbiH/UbiF/VisC/COQ6 family
    cl21454
    Location:1354
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  6. XM_017021351.2XP_016876840.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X5

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl21454
    Location:24283
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  7. XM_011536808.2XP_011535110.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011535110.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A0D9SFJ1
    Related
    ENSP00000486650.1, ENST00000629426.2
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    TIGR01988
    Location:45392
    Ubi-OHases; Ubiquinone biosynthesis hydroxylase, UbiH/UbiF/VisC/COQ6 family
    cl21454
    Location:45388
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins
  8. XM_024449619.1XP_024305387.1  ubiquinone biosynthesis monooxygenase COQ6, mitochondrial isoform X6

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl21454
    Location:3261
    NADB_Rossmann; Rossmann-fold NAD(P)(+)-binding proteins

RNA

  1. XR_943465.3 RNA Sequence

  2. XR_943466.3 RNA Sequence

  3. XR_001750342.1 RNA Sequence

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