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IL22 interleukin 22 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 50616, updated on 13-Oct-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
IL22provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
interleukin 22provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:14900
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000127318 MIM:605330; Vega:OTTHUMG00000169119
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
TIFa; IL-21; IL-22; ILTIF; IL-TIF; IL-D110; zcyto18; TIFIL-23
Summary
This gene is a member of the IL10 family of cytokines that mediate cellular inflammatory responses. The encoded protein functions in antimicrobial defense at mucosal surfaces and in tissue repair. This protein also has pro-inflammatory properties and plays a role in in the pathogenesis of several intestinal diseases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2018]
Annotation information
Note: This gene (GeneID: 50616) was identified as IL-21 or IL-TIF in PMID: 10954742. The official symbol for this gene is now IL22. [19 May 2011]
Expression
Low expression observed in reference dataset See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See IL22 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12q15
Exon count:
5
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 12 NC_000012.12 (68248245..68253501, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (68642025..68647379, complement)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene interferon gamma Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369818 Neighboring gene interleukin 26 Neighboring gene Mdm1 nuclear protein Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369819

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Ulcerative colitis-risk loci on chromosomes 1p36 and 12q15 found by genome-wide association study.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates molecular interactions involved in the fundamental adaptive immune response for allograft destruction. This pathway was adapted in large part from the KEGG pathway http://www...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Development and heterogeneity of the ILC family, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Development and heterogeneity of the ILC family, organism-specific biosystemDevelopment and heterogeneity of the ILC family. ILCs develop from distinct progenitors in the fetal liver or bone marrow and then develop into mature ILCs in the periphery. Different transcription f...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
  • Interleukin-19, 20, 22, 24, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-19, 20, 22, 24, organism-specific biosystemThe interleukin-20 (IL20) subfamily comprises IL19, IL-20, IL-22, IL-24 and IL-26. They are members of the larger IL-10 family, but have been grouped together based on their usage of common receptor ...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
  • Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
  • Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC79382, MGC79384

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
cytokine activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
interleukin-22 receptor binding NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
acute-phase response NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
inflammatory response NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of signaling receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to glucocorticoid IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular space IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
interleukin-22
Names
IL-10-related T-cell-derived inducible factor
cytokine Zcyto18

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_060763.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..10363
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_1248

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_020525.5NP_065386.1  interleukin-22 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_065386.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BC070261, CD638517
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8982.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9GZX6
    Related
    ENSP00000329384.4, ENST00000328087.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam14565
    Location:40178
    IL22; Interleukin 22 IL-10-related T-cell-derived-inducible factor

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    68248245..68253501 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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