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GPR20 G protein-coupled receptor 20 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 2843, updated on 23-Nov-2023

Summary

Official Symbol
GPR20provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
G protein-coupled receptor 20provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4475
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000204882 MIM:601908; AllianceGenome:HGNC:4475
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
Enables G protein-coupled receptor activity. Predicted to be involved in positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction and positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration involved in phospholipase C-activating G protein-coupled signaling pathway. Located in cytosol and plasma membrane. Is integral component of plasma membrane. Part of receptor complex. [provided by Alliance of Genome Resources, Apr 2022]
Expression
Low expression observed in reference dataset See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See GPR20 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
8q24.3
Exon count:
2
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 8 NC_000008.11 (141356470..141367286, complement)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 8 NC_060932.1 (142477922..142488738, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 8 NC_000008.10 (142366570..142377386, complement)

Chromosome 8 - NC_000008.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene solute carrier family 45 member 4 Neighboring gene SLC45A4 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142268351-142268872 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142280921-142281591 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142281592-142282261 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142286540-142287116 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142288141-142288950 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142291898-142292707 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr8:142293955-142294169 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142299831-142300486 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142309143-142309849 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142309892-142310741 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142310742-142311590 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 19591 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 19592 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142334125-142334625 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142339206-142339742 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142339743-142340277 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142345611-142346110 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 12881 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142352272-142352772 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142355946-142356566 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1300 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142361861-142362840 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142366583-142367204 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142367205-142367826 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142369677-142370273 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142378149-142378698 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr8:142379063-142379245 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142382601-142383224 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142383225-142383848 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101928037 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142385104-142385878 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142385879-142386654 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142386655-142387429 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142394223-142394840 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr8:142401193-142401813 Neighboring gene antisense transcript of PTP4A3, liver carcinoma survival associated Neighboring gene protein tyrosine phosphatase 4A3

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Large-scale genome-wide association analysis of bipolar disorder identifies a new susceptibility locus near ODZ4.
EBI GWAS Catalog

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables G protein-coupled receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables G protein-coupled receptor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
part_of receptor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
G-protein coupled receptor 20
Names
CTD-3064M3.3

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_005293.3NP_005284.2  G-protein coupled receptor 20

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005284.2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AA601037, AB209066, AC100803, DR006873
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS34949.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q17R96, Q99678
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    H9NIL3
    Related
    ENSP00000366970.3, ENST00000377741.4
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam00001
    Location:71297
    7tm_1; 7 transmembrane receptor (rhodopsin family)

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000008.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    141356470..141367286 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p14 PATCHES

Genomic

  1. NW_025791786.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 PATCHES

    Range
    23024..33840 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

Genomic

  1. NT_187574.1 Reference GRCh38.p14 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

    Range
    23024..33840 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060932.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    142477922..142488738 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)