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NPW neuropeptide W [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 283869, updated on 8-Jul-2018
Official Symbol
NPWprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
neuropeptide Wprovided by HGNC
Primary source
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000183971 MIM:607997
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
Homo sapiens
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
The product of this gene is processed into 23- and 30-amino acid neuropeptides that bind and activate two G-protein coupled receptors in the central nervous system. The neuropeptides have been shown to enhance cortisol secretion from adrenal cells through the adenylate cyclase/protein kinase A signaling cascade. The preproprotein is translated using a non-AUG initiation codon that is inferred from analyses of the mouse ortholog. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Biased expression in liver (RPKM 2.8), stomach (RPKM 0.8) and 1 other tissue See more
See NPW in Genome Data Viewer
Exon count:
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 16 NC_000016.10 (2019520..2020755)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 16 NC_000016.9 (2069521..2070756)

Chromosome 16 - NC_000016.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene zinc finger protein 598 Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 219, pseudogene Neighboring gene SLC9A3 regulator 2 Neighboring gene nth like DNA glycosylase 1 Neighboring gene TSC complex subunit 2

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
  • G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased act...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
  • Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystemThese receptors, a subset of the Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like) family, all bind peptide ligands which include the chemokines, opioids and somatostatins.
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description


Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
G-protein coupled receptor binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
feeding behavior IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
neuropeptide signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
Preferred Names
neuropeptide W
prepro-neuropeptide W
preproprotein L8

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001099456.2NP_001092926.2  neuropeptide W preproprotein

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001092926.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB084276, BM985063, CK817957
    Consensus CDS
    ENSP00000330070.5, ENST00000329610.5
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    NPBW; Neuropeptides B and W

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly


  1. NC_000016.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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