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COL9A1 collagen type IX alpha 1 chain [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 1297, updated on 8-Jul-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
COL9A1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
collagen type IX alpha 1 chainprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:2217
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000112280 MIM:120210
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
MED; EDM6; STL4; DJ149L1.1.2
Summary
This gene encodes one of the three alpha chains of type IX collagen, which is a minor (5-20%) collagen component of hyaline cartilage. Type IX collagen is usually found in tissues containing type II collagen, a fibrillar collagen. Studies in knockout mice have shown that synthesis of the alpha 1 chain is essential for assembly of type IX collagen molecules, a heterotrimeric molecule, and that lack of type IX collagen is associated with early onset osteoarthritis. Mutations in this gene are associated with osteoarthritis in humans, with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, 6, a form of chondrodysplasia, and with Stickler syndrome, a disease characterized by ophthalmic, orofacial, articular, and auditory defects. Two transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in prostate (RPKM 6.1), testis (RPKM 1.3) and 6 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See COL9A1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
6q13
Exon count:
43
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 6 NC_000006.12 (70215061..70303084, complement)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (70924764..71012787, complement)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene LMBR1 domain containing 1 Neighboring gene glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 42 Neighboring gene collagen type XIX alpha 1 chain Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L37 pseudogene 15 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105377848 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105377847 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101928353

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Copy number response

Description
Copy number response
Haploinsufficency

No evidence available (Last evaluated 2013-11-06)

ClinGen Genome Curation Page
Triplosensitivity

No evidence available (Last evaluated 2013-11-06)

ClinGen Genome Curation Page

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ40263

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables extracellular matrix structural constituent IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables extracellular matrix structural constituent conferring tensile strength IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
enables extracellular matrix structural constituent conferring tensile strength RCA
inferred from Reviewed Computational Analysis
more info
PubMed 
enables metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in animal organ morphogenesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in extracellular matrix organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in basement membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
part_of collagen type IX trimer IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
part_of collagen type IX trimer IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of collagen type IX trimer TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in collagen-containing extracellular matrix HDA PubMed 
located_in endoplasmic reticulum lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in extracellular matrix IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in extracellular space IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
collagen alpha-1(IX) chain
Names
alpha-1(IX) collagen chain
cartilage-specific short collagen
collagen IX, alpha-1 polypeptide
collagen, type IX, alpha 1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_011654.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5000..93023
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001377289.1NP_001364218.1  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform 3 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL080275, AL160262
    Related
    ENSP00000506990.1, ENST00000683980.1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam01391
    Location:253309
    Collagen; Collagen triple helix repeat (20 copies)
  2. NM_001377290.1NP_001364219.1  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform 4 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL080275, AL160262
    Related
    ENSP00000508147.1, ENST00000683758.1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam01391
    Location:244298
    Collagen; Collagen triple helix repeat (20 copies)
  3. NM_001377291.1NP_001364220.1  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform 5 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL080275
    Related
    ENSP00000359527.3, ENST00000370496.3
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    smart00210
    Location:50244
    TSPN; Thrombospondin N-terminal -like domains
  4. NM_001851.6NP_001842.3  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001842.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (1, also known as the long form).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL080275, AL160262
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4971.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P20849
    Related
    ENSP00000349790.6, ENST00000357250.11
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam01391
    Location:493552
    Collagen; Collagen triple helix repeat (20 copies)
    smart00210
    Location:50244
    TSPN; Thrombospondin N-terminal -like domains
  5. NM_078485.4NP_511040.2  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform 2 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_511040.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR and lacks several exons in the 5' coding region, compared to variant 1. These differences cause translation initiation at a unique AUG and an isoform (2, also known as the short form) with a shorter N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AL160262, AW021120, BC063646, BF196880, CA392556, X54412
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47447.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P20849
    Related
    ENSP00000315252.7, ENST00000320755.12
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam01391
    Location:250309
    Collagen; Collagen triple helix repeat (20 copies)

RNA

  1. NR_165185.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL080275, AL160262

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    70215061..70303084 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011535429.3XP_011533731.1  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam01391
    Location:493552
    Collagen; Collagen triple helix repeat (20 copies)
    smart00210
    Location:50244
    TSPN; Thrombospondin N-terminal -like domains
  2. XM_017010246.2XP_016865735.1  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform X2

    Related
    ENST00000684176.1
  3. XM_017010247.2XP_016865736.1  collagen alpha-1(IX) chain isoform X4

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