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ACTR1A ARP1 actin related protein 1 homolog A [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 10121, updated on 4-Nov-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
ACTR1Aprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ARP1 actin related protein 1 homolog Aprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:167
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000138107 MIM:605143; Vega:OTTHUMG00000018956
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ARP1; Arp1A; CTRN1
Summary
This gene encodes a 42.6 kD subunit of dynactin, a macromolecular complex consisting of 10-11 subunits ranging in size from 22 to 150 kD. Dynactin binds to both microtubules and cytoplasmic dynein. It is involved in a diverse array of cellular functions, including ER-to-Golgi transport, the centripetal movement of lysosomes and endosomes, spindle formation, chromosome movement, nuclear positioning, and axonogenesis. This subunit is present in 8-13 copies per dynactin molecule, and is the most abundant molecule in the dynactin complex. It is an actin-related protein, and is approximately 60% identical at the amino acid level to conventional actin. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in brain (RPKM 46.1), heart (RPKM 30.0) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ACTR1A in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
10q24.32
Exon count:
11
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 10 NC_000010.11 (102479229..102502755, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 10 NC_000010.10 (104238986..104262580, complement)

Chromosome 10 - NC_000010.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene microRNA 146b Neighboring gene RPARP antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene chromosome 10 open reading frame 95 Neighboring gene major facilitator superfamily domain containing 13A Neighboring gene SUFU negative regulator of hedgehog signaling Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 58 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 43, pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Identification of 23 new prostate cancer susceptibility loci using the iCOGS custom genotyping array.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Pathways from BioSystems

  • AURKA Activation by TPX2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    AURKA Activation by TPX2, organism-specific biosystemTPX2 binds to aurora kinase A (AURKA) at centrosomes and promotes its activation by facilitating AURKA active conformation and autophosphorylation of the AURKA threonine residue T288 (Bayliss et al. ...
  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemCilium biogenesis is initiated by the docking of basal bodies, a centriole-derived organelle, to the plasma membrane (reviewed in Reiter et al, 2012). The centriole consists of a multiprotein core su...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
  • Centrosome maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Centrosome maturation, organism-specific biosystemThe centrosome is the primary microtubule organizing center (MTOC) in vertebrate cells and plays an important role in orchestrating the formation of the mitotic spindle. Centrosome maturation is an ...
  • Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystemCilia are membrane covered organelles that extend from the surface of eukaryotic cells. Cilia may be motile, such as respiratory cilia) or non-motile (such as the primary cilium) and are distinguishe...
  • G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemCyclin A can also form complexes with Cdc2 (Cdk1). Together with three B-type cyclins, Cdc2 (Cdk1) regulates the transition from G2 into mitosis. These complexes are activated by dephosphorylation of...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes, organism-specific biosystemDuring interphase, Nlp interacts with gamma-tubulin ring complexes (gamma-TuRC), and is thought to contribute to the organization of interphase microtubules (Casenghi et al.,2003). Plk1 is activated...
  • Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to recruiting proteins and complexes necessary for increased microtubule nucleation, centrosomal maturation involves the loss of proteins involved in interphase microtubule organization ...
  • MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystemAntigen presenting cells (APCs) such as B cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes/macrophages express major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC II) at their surface and present exog...
  • Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem
    Mitotic G2-G2/M phases
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes, organism-specific biosystemThe mitotic spindle becomes established once centrosomes have migrated to opposite poles and the nuclear envelope has broken down. During this stage, interphase centrosomes mature into mitotic centro...
  • Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemThe kinase activity of PLK1 is required for cell cycle progression as PLK1 phosphorylates and regulates a number of cellular proteins during mitosis. Centrosomic AURKA (Aurora A kinase), catalyticall...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ52695, FLJ52800, FLJ55002

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
COPI-coated vesicle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell cortex region IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
centriole IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
centrosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
dynactin complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
manchette IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
microtubule associated complex TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
microtubule cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
myelin sheath IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
alpha-centractin
Names
ARP1 actin-related protein 1 homolog A, centractin alpha
actin-RPV
centractin
centrosome-associated actin homolog
epididymis secretory sperm binding protein

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_011901.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..28527
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_005736.3NP_005727.1  alpha-centractin

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005727.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL121928, BC000693, BC026016, DC384284
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS7536.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P61163
    Related
    ENSP00000358921.4, OTTHUMP00000020366, ENST00000369905.8, OTTHUMT00000050053
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl17037
    Location:5376
    NBD_sugar-kinase_HSP70_actin; Nucleotide-Binding Domain of the sugar kinase/HSP70/actin superfamily

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000010.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    102479229..102502755 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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