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LiverTox: Clinical and Research Information on Drug-Induced Liver Injury [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 2012-.

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LiverTox: Clinical and Research Information on Drug-Induced Liver Injury [Internet].

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CNS Stimulants

Last Update: February 13, 2014.

OVERVIEW

Central nervous system stimulants used for attention deficit disorder, narcolepsy or excessive sleepiness include methylphenidate, atomoxetine, modafinil, armodafinil and the amphetamines. Stimulants that are no longer used for medical conditions, but that are abused, include cocaine and ecstasy or methylenedioxymetamphetamine (MDMA). The individual agents discussed include the following:

The following links are to individual drug records.

PRODUCT INFORMATION

REPRESENTATIVE TRADE NAMES

Dextroamphetamine – Generic, Adderall®, Dexedrine®

Dextroamphetamine and Amphetamine – Generic, Adderall®

Lisdexamfetamine – Vyvanse®

Methamphetamine – Generic, Desoxyn®

COMPLETE LABELING

Product labeling at DailyMed, National Library of Medicine, NIH

CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND STRUCTURES

DRUGCAS REGISTRY NUMBERMOLECULAR FORMULASTRUCTURE
Dextroamphetamine51-64-9C9-H13-N
Chemical Structure for Dextroamphetamine
Lisdexamfetamine608137-32-2C15-H25-N3-O
Chemical Structure for Lisdexamfetamine
Methamphetamine537-46-2C10-H15-N
Chemical Structure for Methamphetamine
Armodafinil112111-43-0C15-H15-N-O2-S
Chemical Structure for Armodafinil

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