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Cover of Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests

Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests

Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications

; .

Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); .
ISBN-10: 0-309-06175-X


On January 27, 1951, the United States began a program of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons-related devices in Nevada that continued intermittently until August 5, 1963, when the Limited Test Ban Treaty was signed. For nearly fifty years now, the extent and effects of fallout from those tests have generated much political debate and stimulated numerous scientific investigations. The findings of one extended, Congressionally mandated investigation were reported in October 1997 when the National Cancer Institute (NCI) published the two-volume report Estimated Exposures and Thyroid Doses Received by the American People from Iodine-131 in Fallout Following Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Bomb Tests.

As the NCI was preparing to release its report, the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Research Council (NRC) to initiate an independent assessment of the public health and medical implications of the iodine-131 (sometimes referred to here as I-131) doses received by the American people and to identify steps that might be taken in response. After consultation, the IOM and the NRC agreed to establish an expert panel to undertake this assessment beginning in October 1997.

This report presents the results of that study.


Support for this project was provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Contract Number N01-OD-4-2139, TO 35).

The views presented are those of the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine committees and are not necessarily those of the funding organization.

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Copyright © 1999, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK100842PMID: 23016168DOI: 10.17226/6283


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