National Center for
4UAG: Udp-N-Acetylmuramoyl-L-Alanine:d-Glutamate Ligase
J. Mol. Biol. (1999) 289 p.579-590» All references (3)
UDP -N- acetylmuramoyl- L -alanine: D -glutamate (MurD) ligase catalyses the addition of d -glutamate to the nucleotide precursor UDP -N- acetylmuramoyl- L -alanine (UMA). The crystal structures of three complexes of Escherichia coli MurD with a variety of substrates and products have been determined to high resolution. These include (1) the quaternary complex of MurD, the substrate UMA, the product ADP, and Mg2+, (2) the quaternary complex of MurD, the substrate UMA, the product ADP, and Mn2+, and (3) the binary complex of MurD with the product UDP - N- acetylmuramoyl- L -alanine- D -glutamate (UMAG). The reaction mechanism supported by these structures proceeds by the phosphorylation of the C-terminal carboxylate group of UMA by the gamma-phosphate group of ATP to form an acyl-phosphate intermediate, followed by the nucleophilic attack by the amino group of D-glutamate to produce UMAG. A key feature in the reaction intermediate is the presence of two magnesium ions bridging negatively charged groups.