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SRX091464: SHROOM3 is a novel candidate for heterotaxy identified by whole exome sequencing
1 ILLUMINA (Illumina Genome Analyzer II) run: 57.1M spots, 5.7G bases, 4.1Gb downloads

Design: Nimblegen Roche Library Kit
Study: SHROOM3 is a novel candidate for heterotaxy identified by whole exome sequencing
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Background: Heterotaxy-spectrum cardiovascular disorders are challenging for traditional genetic analyses because of clinical and genetic heterogeneity, variable expressivity, and non-penetrance. In this study high-resolution SNP genotyping and exon-targeted array comparative genomic hybridization platforms were coupled to whole-exome sequencing to identify a novel disease candidate gene. Results: SNP genotyping identified absence-of-heterozygosity regions on chromosomes 1, 4, 7, 13, 15, 18, consistent with parental consanguinity. Subsequently, whole-exome sequencing of the proband identified 26065 coding variants, including 18 non-synonymous homozygous changes not present in dbSNP132 or 1000 genomes project. Of these 18, only 4 -one each in CXCL2, SHROOM3, CTSO, RXFP1- were mapped to the absence-of-heterozygosity regions, each of which was flanked by more than 50 homozygous SNPs confirming recessive segregation of mutant alleles. Sanger sequencing confirmed the SHROOM3 homozygous missense mutation (p.G60V) and it was predicted as pathogenic by four bioinformatic tools. SHROOM3 has been identified as a central regulator of morphogenetic cell shape changes necessary for organogenesis and can physically bind ROCK2, a rho kinase protein required for left-right (LR) patterning. Screening 96 sporadic heterotaxy patients identified 4 additional patients with rare variants in SHROOM3. Conclusions: Using whole exome sequencing, we identify a recessive missense mutation in SHROOM3 associated with heterotaxy syndrome and identify rare variants in subsequent screening of a heterotaxy cohort, suggesting SHROOM3 as a novel target for the control of LR patterning. This study reveals the value of SNP genotyping coupled with high-throughput sequencing for identification of high yield candidates for rare disorders with genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity.
Sample: SHROOM3 is a novel candidate for heterotaxy identified by whole exome sequencing
SAMN00704085 • SRS255999 • All experiments • All runs
Organism: Homo sapiens
Name: LAT1180 Genomic
Instrument: Illumina Genome Analyzer II
Strategy: WXS
Selection: size fractionation
Layout: PAIRED
Spot descriptor:
forward51  reverse

Runs: 1 run, 57.1M spots, 5.7G bases, 4.1Gb
Run# of Spots# of BasesSizePublished


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