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dbSNP Short Genetic Variations

Reference SNP (rs) Report

This page reports data for a single dbSNP Reference SNP variation (RefSNP or rs) from the new redesigned dbSNP build.
Top of the page reports a concise summary for the rs, with more specific details included in the corresponding tabs below.
All alleles are reported in the Forward orientation. Use the Genomic View to inspect the nucleotides flanking the variant, and its neighbors.
For more information see Help documentation.

rs9939609

Current Build 153

Released July 9, 2019

Organism
Homo sapiens
Position
chr16:53786615 (GRCh38.p12) Help

The anchor position for this RefSNP. Includes all nucleotides potentially affected by this change, thus it can differ from HGVS, which is right-shifted. See here for details.

Alleles
T>A
Variation Type
SNV Single Nucleotide Variation
Frequency
A=0.40273 (50570/125568, TOPMED)
A=0.3697 (29090/78684, PAGE_STUDY)
A=0.4162 (13038/31326, GnomAD) (+ 6 more)
A=0.340 (1703/5008, 1000G)
A=0.444 (1987/4480, Estonian)
A=0.389 (1501/3854, ALSPAC)
A=0.401 (1486/3708, TWINSUK)
A=0.39 (231/600, NorthernSweden)
A=0.15 (32/216, Vietnamese)
Clinical Significance
Not Reported in ClinVar
Gene : Consequence
FTO : Intron Variant
Publications
642 citations
Genomic View
See rs on genome
Help

Variant Details tab shows known variant placements on genomic sequences: chromosomes (NC_), RefSeqGene, pseudogenes or genomic regions (NG_), and in a separate table: on transcripts (NM_) and protein sequences (NP_). The corresponding transcript and protein locations are listed in adjacent lines, along with molecular consequences from Sequence Ontology. When no protein placement is available, only the transcript is listed. Column "Codon[Amino acid]" shows the actual base change in the format of "Reference > Alternate" allele, including the nucleotide codon change in transcripts, and the amino acid change in proteins, respectively, allowing for known ribosomal slippage sites. To view nucleotides adjacent to the variant use the Genomic View at the bottom of the page - zoom into the sequence until the nucleotides around the variant become visible.

Genomic Placements
Sequence name Change
GRCh38.p12 chr 16 NC_000016.10:g.53786615T>A
GRCh37.p13 chr 16 NC_000016.9:g.53820527T>A
FTO RefSeqGene NG_012969.1:g.87653T>A
Gene: FTO, FTO alpha-ketoglutarate dependent dioxygenase (plus strand)
Molecule type Change Amino acid[Codon] SO Term
FTO transcript variant 3 NM_001080432.3:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 2 NM_001363891.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 1 NM_001363894.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 4 NM_001363896.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 5 NM_001363897.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 6 NM_001363898.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 7 NM_001363899.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 8 NM_001363900.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 9 NM_001363901.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 10 NM_001363903.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 11 NM_001363905.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 12 NM_001363988.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant 13 NR_156761.1:n. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X4 XM_011523314.3:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X5 XM_011523315.3:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X6 XM_011523316.3:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X2 XM_017023654.2:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X3 XM_017023655.2:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X7 XM_017023656.2:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X8 XM_017023657.2:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X10 XM_017023658.2:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X9 XM_024450437.1:c. N/A Intron Variant
FTO transcript variant X11 XR_002957840.1:n. N/A Intron Variant
Help

Clinical Significance tab shows a list of clinical significance entries from ClinVar associated with the variation, per allele. Click on the RCV accession (i.e. RCV000001615.2) or Allele ID (i.e. 12274) to access full ClinVar report.

Not Reported in ClinVar
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Frequency tab displays a table of the reference and alternate allele frequencies reported by various studies and populations. Table lines, where Population="Global" refer to the entire study population, whereas lines, where Group="Sub", refer to a study-specific population subgroupings (i.e. AFR, CAU, etc.), if available. Frequency for the alternate allele (Alt Allele) is a ratio of samples observed-to-total, where the numerator (observed samples) is the number of chromosomes in the study with the minor allele present (found in "Sample size", where Group="Sub"), and the denominator (total samples) is the total number of all chromosomes in the study for the variant (found in "Sample size", where Group="Study-wide" and Population="Global").

Download
Study Population Group Sample Size Ref Allele Alt Allele
TopMed Global Study-wide 125568 T=0.59727 A=0.40273
The PAGE Study Global Study-wide 78684 T=0.6303 A=0.3697
The PAGE Study AfricanAmerican Sub 32500 T=0.5242 A=0.4758
The PAGE Study Mexican Sub 10808 T=0.7442 A=0.2558
The PAGE Study Asian Sub 8318 T=0.794 A=0.206
The PAGE Study PuertoRican Sub 7918 T=0.647 A=0.353
The PAGE Study NativeHawaiian Sub 4534 T=0.770 A=0.230
The PAGE Study Cuban Sub 4230 T=0.594 A=0.406
The PAGE Study Dominican Sub 3828 T=0.559 A=0.441
The PAGE Study CentralAmerican Sub 2450 T=0.727 A=0.273
The PAGE Study SouthAmerican Sub 1982 T=0.756 A=0.244
The PAGE Study NativeAmerican Sub 1260 T=0.644 A=0.356
The PAGE Study SouthAsian Sub 856 T=0.65 A=0.35
gnomAD - Genomes Global Study-wide 31326 T=0.5838 A=0.4162
gnomAD - Genomes European Sub 18864 T=0.5830 A=0.4170
gnomAD - Genomes African Sub 8682 T=0.518 A=0.482
gnomAD - Genomes East Asian Sub 1558 T=0.869 A=0.131
gnomAD - Genomes Other Sub 1086 T=0.619 A=0.381
gnomAD - Genomes American Sub 846 T=0.75 A=0.25
gnomAD - Genomes Ashkenazi Jewish Sub 290 T=0.48 A=0.52
1000Genomes Global Study-wide 5008 T=0.660 A=0.340
1000Genomes African Sub 1322 T=0.506 A=0.494
1000Genomes East Asian Sub 1008 T=0.831 A=0.169
1000Genomes Europe Sub 1006 T=0.586 A=0.414
1000Genomes South Asian Sub 978 T=0.71 A=0.29
1000Genomes American Sub 694 T=0.74 A=0.26
Genetic variation in the Estonian population Estonian Study-wide 4480 T=0.556 A=0.444
The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children PARENT AND CHILD COHORT Study-wide 3854 T=0.611 A=0.389
UK 10K study - Twins TWIN COHORT Study-wide 3708 T=0.599 A=0.401
Northern Sweden ACPOP Study-wide 600 T=0.61 A=0.39
A Vietnamese Genetic Variation Database Global Study-wide 216 T=0.85 A=0.15
Help

Aliases tab displays HGVS names representing the variant placements and allele changes on genomic, transcript and protein sequences, per allele. HGVS name is an expression for reporting sequence accession and version, sequence type, position, and allele change. The column "Note" can have two values: "diff" means that there is a difference between the reference allele (variation interval) at the placement reported in HGVS name and the reference alleles reported in other HGVS names, and "rev" means that the sequence of this variation interval at the placement reported in HGVS name is in reverse orientation to the sequence(s) of this variation in other HGVS names not labeled as "rev".

Placement T= A Note
GRCh38.p12 chr 16 NC_000016.10:g.53786615= NC_000016.10:g.53786615T>A
GRCh37.p13 chr 16 NC_000016.9:g.53820527= NC_000016.9:g.53820527T>A
FTO RefSeqGene NG_012969.1:g.87653= NG_012969.1:g.87653T>A
Help

Submissions tab displays variations originally submitted to dbSNP, now supporting this RefSNP cluster (rs). We display Submitter handle, Submission identifier, Date and Build number, when the submission appeared for the first time. Direct submissions to dbSNP have Submission ID in the form of an ss-prefixed number (ss#). Other supporting variations are listed in the table without ss#.

88 SubSNP, 9 Frequency submissions
No Submitter Submission ID Date (Build)
1 BCM_SSAHASNP ss13778861 Dec 05, 2003 (119)
2 PERLEGEN ss24411520 Sep 20, 2004 (123)
3 AFFY ss66219980 Nov 30, 2006 (127)
4 AFFY ss76366276 Dec 07, 2007 (129)
5 HGSV ss78017758 Dec 07, 2007 (129)
6 HGSV ss81498838 Dec 15, 2007 (130)
7 KRIBB_YJKIM ss82632678 Dec 15, 2007 (130)
8 BCMHGSC_JDW ss90396704 Mar 24, 2008 (129)
9 BGI ss103295301 Dec 01, 2009 (131)
10 1000GENOMES ss109331323 Jan 24, 2009 (130)
11 1000GENOMES ss115104290 Jan 25, 2009 (130)
12 ILLUMINA-UK ss118256364 Feb 14, 2009 (130)
13 WTCCC ss120252622 Dec 01, 2009 (131)
14 ENSEMBL ss136729437 Dec 01, 2009 (131)
15 COMPLETE_GENOMICS ss168226664 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
16 COMPLETE_GENOMICS ss169759008 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
17 COMPLETE_GENOMICS ss171258868 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
18 AFFY ss173394511 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
19 PAGE_STUDY ss181834432 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
20 BUSHMAN ss201707335 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
21 BCM-HGSC-SUB ss207479464 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
22 1000GENOMES ss227247713 Jul 14, 2010 (132)
23 WTCCC ss230384217 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
24 1000GENOMES ss237029052 Jul 15, 2010 (132)
25 1000GENOMES ss243367297 Jul 15, 2010 (132)
26 ILLUMINA ss244316144 Jul 04, 2010 (132)
27 BL ss255710131 May 09, 2011 (134)
28 GMI ss287077166 Apr 25, 2013 (138)
29 PJP ss291845391 May 09, 2011 (134)
30 ILLUMINA ss410816955 Sep 17, 2011 (135)
31 BROAD_NHGRI_T2D ss411632765 Jul 19, 2016 (147)
32 PAGE_STUDY ss469414612 May 04, 2012 (137)
33 EXOME_CHIP ss491508391 May 04, 2012 (137)
34 TISHKOFF ss564906461 Apr 25, 2013 (138)
35 SSMP ss660678339 Apr 25, 2013 (138)
36 ILLUMINA ss780687677 Sep 08, 2015 (146)
37 ILLUMINA ss783361244 Sep 08, 2015 (146)
38 EVA-GONL ss992500237 Aug 21, 2014 (142)
39 JMKIDD_LAB ss1080630626 Aug 21, 2014 (142)
40 1000GENOMES ss1356293527 Aug 21, 2014 (142)
41 HAMMER_LAB ss1397715622 Sep 08, 2015 (146)
42 DDI ss1427850482 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
43 EVA_GENOME_DK ss1577917948 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
44 EVA_UK10K_ALSPAC ss1634446617 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
45 EVA_UK10K_TWINSUK ss1677440650 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
46 EVA_DECODE ss1696534619 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
47 EVA_SVP ss1713539764 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
48 ILLUMINA ss1752194450 Sep 08, 2015 (146)
49 HAMMER_LAB ss1808517928 Sep 08, 2015 (146)
50 ILLUMINA ss1917907506 Feb 12, 2016 (147)
51 WEILL_CORNELL_DGM ss1935936222 Feb 12, 2016 (147)
52 ILLUMINA ss1946415079 Feb 12, 2016 (147)
53 ILLUMINA ss1959679190 Feb 12, 2016 (147)
54 JJLAB ss2028750201 Sep 14, 2016 (149)
55 ILLUMINA ss2094799859 Dec 20, 2016 (150)
56 ILLUMINA ss2095066963 Dec 20, 2016 (150)
57 USC_VALOUEV ss2157186484 Dec 20, 2016 (150)
58 HUMAN_LONGEVITY ss2212257740 Dec 20, 2016 (150)
59 TOPMED ss2377186865 Dec 20, 2016 (150)
60 ILLUMINA ss2633318957 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
61 ILLUMINA ss2633318958 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
62 GRF ss2701709812 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
63 ILLUMINA ss2710833151 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
64 GNOMAD ss2943153155 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
65 AFFY ss2985068819 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
66 AFFY ss2985704449 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
67 SWEGEN ss3014532643 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
68 ILLUMINA ss3021706750 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
69 BIOINF_KMB_FNS_UNIBA ss3028193593 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
70 TOPMED ss3246856172 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
71 CSHL ss3351456744 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
72 ILLUMINA ss3627525173 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
73 ILLUMINA ss3634642344 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
74 ILLUMINA ss3640349663 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
75 ILLUMINA ss3644668160 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
76 ILLUMINA ss3652115578 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
77 ILLUMINA ss3652115579 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
78 ILLUMINA ss3653840690 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
79 EGCUT_WGS ss3681508220 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
80 EVA_DECODE ss3699286013 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
81 ILLUMINA ss3725562552 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
82 ACPOP ss3741520592 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
83 ILLUMINA ss3744432259 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
84 ILLUMINA ss3744942762 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
85 EVA ss3753950564 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
86 PAGE_CC ss3771879886 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
87 ILLUMINA ss3772441042 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
88 KHV_HUMAN_GENOMES ss3819239059 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
89 1000Genomes NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
90 The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
91 Genetic variation in the Estonian population NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
92 gnomAD - Genomes NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
93 Northern Sweden NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
94 The PAGE Study NC_000016.10 - 53786615 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
95 TopMed NC_000016.10 - 53786615 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
96 UK 10K study - Twins NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
97 A Vietnamese Genetic Variation Database NC_000016.9 - 53820527 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
Help

History tab displays RefSNPs (Associated ID) from previous builds (Build) that now support the current RefSNP, and the dates, when the history was updated for each Associated ID (History Updated).

Associated ID History Updated (Build)
rs17817682 Oct 08, 2004 (123)
rs58374961 May 24, 2008 (130)
rs61046791 Feb 26, 2009 (130)
Added to this RefSNP Cluster:
Submission ids Observation SPDI Canonical SPDI Source RSIDs
ss66219980, ss76366276, ss78017758, ss81498838, ss90396704, ss109331323, ss115104290, ss118256364, ss168226664, ss169759008, ss171258868, ss173394511, ss201707335, ss207479464, ss255710131, ss287077166, ss291845391, ss1397715622, ss1696534619, ss1713539764 NC_000016.8:52378027:T:A NC_000016.10:53786614:T:A (self)
69457503, 38525267, 27246468, 189519656, 14805457, 38525267, 8546693, ss227247713, ss237029052, ss243367297, ss491508391, ss564906461, ss660678339, ss780687677, ss783361244, ss992500237, ss1080630626, ss1356293527, ss1427850482, ss1577917948, ss1634446617, ss1677440650, ss1752194450, ss1808517928, ss1917907506, ss1935936222, ss1946415079, ss1959679190, ss2028750201, ss2094799859, ss2095066963, ss2157186484, ss2377186865, ss2633318957, ss2633318958, ss2701709812, ss2710833151, ss2943153155, ss2985068819, ss2985704449, ss3014532643, ss3021706750, ss3351456744, ss3627525173, ss3634642344, ss3640349663, ss3644668160, ss3652115578, ss3652115579, ss3653840690, ss3681508220, ss3741520592, ss3744432259, ss3744942762, ss3753950564, ss3772441042 NC_000016.9:53820526:T:A NC_000016.10:53786614:T:A (self)
1101355, 144465757, ss2212257740, ss3028193593, ss3246856172, ss3699286013, ss3725562552, ss3771879886, ss3819239059 NC_000016.10:53786614:T:A NC_000016.10:53786614:T:A (self)
ss13778861 NT_010498.14:2544444:T:A NC_000016.10:53786614:T:A (self)
ss24411520, ss82632678, ss103295301, ss120252622, ss136729437, ss181834432, ss230384217, ss244316144, ss410816955, ss411632765, ss469414612 NT_010498.15:7434725:T:A NC_000016.10:53786614:T:A (self)
Help

Publications tab displays PubMed articles citing the variation as a listing of PMID, Title, Author, Year, Journal, ordered by Year, descending.

642 citations for rs9939609
PMID Title Author Year Journal
17658951 Genome-wide association scan shows genetic variants in the FTO gene are associated with obesity-related traits. Scuteri A et al. 2007 PLoS genetics
17928949 FTO polymorphisms in oceanic populations. Ohashi J et al. 2007 Journal of human genetics
17942823 Low physical activity accentuates the effect of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on body fat accumulation. Andreasen CH et al. 2008 Diabetes
17959933 Variants in the fat mass- and obesity-associated (FTO) gene are not associated with obesity in a Chinese Han population. Li H et al. 2008 Diabetes
18048838 The common rs9939609 gene variant of the fat mass- and obesity-associated gene FTO is related to fat cell lipolysis. Wåhlén K et al. 2008 Journal of lipid research
18159244 Genome wide association (GWA) study for early onset extreme obesity supports the role of fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) variants. Hinney A et al. 2007 PloS one
18162508 Association of CDKAL1, IGF2BP2, CDKN2A/B, HHEX, SLC30A8, and KCNJ11 with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in a Japanese population. Omori S et al. 2008 Diabetes
18218107 FTO gene SNPs associated with extreme obesity in cases, controls and extremely discordant sister pairs. Price RA et al. 2008 BMC medical genetics
18224312 Pharmacogenetics: data, concepts and tools to improve drug discovery and drug treatment. Brockmöller J et al. 2008 European journal of clinical pharmacology
18239580 Association of the FTO gene with BMI. Hunt SC et al. 2008 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
18249188 Major gender difference in association of FTO gene variant among severely obese children with obesity and obesity related phenotypes. Jacobsson JA et al. 2008 Biochemical and biophysical research communications
18252780 The association between the FTO gene and fat mass in humans develops by the postnatal age of two weeks. López-Bermejo A et al. 2008 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
18256137 Regulation of Fto/Ftm gene expression in mice and humans. Stratigopoulos G et al. 2008 American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology
18317470 NYD-SP18 is associated with obesity in the NHLBI Family Heart Study. Wilk JB et al. 2008 International journal of obesity (2005)
18325910 Genome-wide association scans identified CTNNBL1 as a novel gene for obesity. Liu YJ et al. 2008 Human molecular genetics
18335027 Association analysis of the FTO gene with obesity in children of Caucasian and African ancestry reveals a common tagging SNP. Grant SF et al. 2008 PloS one
18339204 Association between the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism and the metabolic syndrome in a non-Caucasian multi-ethnic sample. Al-Attar SA et al. 2008 Cardiovascular diabetology
18346983 Common variation in the FTO gene alters diabetes-related metabolic traits to the extent expected given its effect on BMI. Freathy RM et al. 2008 Diabetes
18379722 Variations in the FTO gene are associated with severe obesity in the Japanese. Hotta K et al. 2008 Journal of human genetics
18426866 Association of FTO with obesity-related traits in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS) Cohort. Marvelle AF et al. 2008 Diabetes
18437351 Genetic analysis of recently identified type 2 diabetes loci in 1,638 unselected patients with type 2 diabetes and 1,858 control participants from a Norwegian population-based cohort (the HUNT study). Hertel JK et al. 2008 Diabetologia
18445669 Lack of association of fatness-related FTO gene variants with energy expenditure or physical activity. Berentzen T et al. 2008 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
18454148 Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity. Loos RJ et al. 2008 Nature genetics
18469204 Implication of genetic variants near TCF7L2, SLC30A8, HHEX, CDKAL1, CDKN2A/B, IGF2BP2, and FTO in type 2 diabetes and obesity in 6,719 Asians. Ng MC et al. 2008 Diabetes
18478198 Association of variants in the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene with polycystic ovary syndrome. Barber TM et al. 2008 Diabetologia
18487448 Common variation in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene confers risk of obesity and modulates BMI in the Chinese population. Chang YC et al. 2008 Diabetes
18533027 Worldwide population differentiation at disease-associated SNPs. Myles S et al. 2008 BMC medical genomics
18550552 Lifetime body mass index and later atherosclerosis risk in young adults: examining causal links using Mendelian randomization in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study. Kivimäki M et al. 2008 European heart journal
18583465 Obesity associated genetic variation in FTO is associated with diminished satiety. Wardle J et al. 2008 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
18598350 Impact of nine common type 2 diabetes risk polymorphisms in Asian Indian Sikhs: PPARG2 (Pro12Ala), IGF2BP2, TCF7L2 and FTO variants confer a significant risk. Sanghera DK et al. 2008 BMC medical genetics
18599522 FTO variants are associated with obesity in the Chinese and Malay populations in Singapore. Tan JT et al. 2008 Diabetes
18616701 Variant rs9939609 in the FTO gene is associated with obesity in an adult population from Spain. González-Sánchez JL et al. 2009 Clinical endocrinology
18647953 Fat mass-and obesity-associated (FTO) gene variant is associated with obesity: longitudinal analyses in two cohort studies and functional test. Qi L et al. 2008 Diabetes
18663371 Impact on weight dynamics and general growth of the common FTO rs9939609: a longitudinal Danish cohort study. Jess T et al. 2008 International journal of obesity (2005)
18682847 Non-replication of genome-wide based associations between common variants in INSIG2 and PFKP and obesity in studies of 18,014 Danes. Andreasen CH et al. 2008 PloS one
18698412 FTO gene associated fatness in relation to body fat distribution and metabolic traits throughout a broad range of fatness. Kring SI et al. 2008 PloS one
18719664 The FTO gene is associated with adulthood obesity in the Mexican population. Villalobos-Comparán M et al. 2008 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
18787525 FTO polymorphisms are associated with obesity but not diabetes risk in postmenopausal women. Song Y et al. 2008 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
18799002 'Fat mass and obesity associated' gene (FTO): no significant association of variant rs9939609 with weight loss in a lifestyle intervention and lipid metabolism markers in German obese children and adolescents. Müller TD et al. 2008 BMC medical genetics
18838977 The FTO gene and measured food intake in children. Wardle J et al. 2009 International journal of obesity (2005)
18839134 Assessing gene-treatment interactions at the FTO and INSIG2 loci on obesity-related traits in the Diabetes Prevention Program. Franks PW et al. 2008 Diabetologia
18842783 The fat mass- and obesity-associated locus and dietary intake in children. Timpson NJ et al. 2008 The American journal of clinical nutrition
18852197 Metabolic and cardiovascular traits: an abundance of recently identified common genetic variants. Mohlke KL et al. 2008 Human molecular genetics
18853134 The search for putative unifying genetic factors for components of the metabolic syndrome. Sjögren M et al. 2008 Diabetologia
18855084 The FTO obesity gene. Genotyping and gene expression analysis in morbidly obese patients. Zabena C et al. 2009 Obesity surgery
18948966 Association of the FTO rs9939609 single nucleotide polymorphism with C-reactive protein levels. Fisher E et al. 2009 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
18984658 Increased recovery rates of phosphocreatine and inorganic phosphate after isometric contraction in oxidative muscle fibers and elevated hepatic insulin resistance in homozygous carriers of the A-allele of FTO rs9939609. Grunnet LG et al. 2009 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
19005641 FTO gene variants are strongly associated with type 2 diabetes in South Asian Indians. Yajnik CS et al. 2009 Diabetologia
19008344 Association analysis of variation in/near FTO, CDKAL1, SLC30A8, HHEX, EXT2, IGF2BP2, LOC387761, and CDKN2B with type 2 diabetes and related quantitative traits in Pima Indians. Rong R et al. 2009 Diabetes
19016587 How does body fat influence bone mass in childhood? A Mendelian randomization approach. Timpson NJ et al. 2009 Journal of bone and mineral research
19030008 Replication of the association of common rs9939609 variant of FTO with increased BMI in an Australian adult twin population but no evidence for gene by environment (G x E) interaction. Cornes BK et al. 2009 International journal of obesity (2005)
19056611 Adiposity-related heterogeneity in patterns of type 2 diabetes susceptibility observed in genome-wide association data. Timpson NJ et al. 2009 Diabetes
19060910 Genome-wide association analysis of metabolic traits in a birth cohort from a founder population. Sabatti C et al. 2009 Nature genetics
19073769 Variants near MC4R are associated with obesity and influence obesity-related quantitative traits in a population of middle-aged people: studies of 14,940 Danes. Zobel DP et al. 2009 Diabetes
19073975 An obesity-associated FTO gene variant and increased energy intake in children. Cecil JE et al. 2008 The New England journal of medicine
19074959 ATOM: a powerful gene-based association test by combining optimally weighted markers. Li M et al. 2009 Bioinformatics (Oxford, England)
19079261 Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation. Willer CJ et al. 2009 Nature genetics
19111066 Lack of association between PKLR rs3020781 and NOS1AP rs7538490 and type 2 diabetes, overweight, obesity and related metabolic phenotypes in a Danish large-scale study: case-control studies and analyses of quantitative traits. Andreasen CH et al. 2008 BMC medical genetics
19158205 FTO genotype is associated with body mass index after the age of seven years but not with energy intake or leisure-time physical activity. Hakanen M et al. 2009 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
19161620 An open access database of genome-wide association results. Johnson AD et al. 2009 BMC medical genetics
19180072 The common variant in the FTO gene did not modify the effect of lifestyle changes on body weight: the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study. Lappalainen TJ et al. 2009 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
19197348 Genome-wide association studies in an isolated founder population from the Pacific Island of Kosrae. Lowe JK et al. 2009 PLoS genetics
19214238 Fatness-associated FTO gene variant increases mortality independent of fatness--in cohorts of Danish men. Zimmermann E et al. 2009 PloS one
19218499 Functional characterization of a promoter polymorphism that drives ACSL5 gene expression in skeletal muscle and associates with diet-induced weight loss. Teng AC et al. 2009 FASEB journal
19224890 Aggravating effect of INSIG2 and FTO on overweight reduction in a one-year lifestyle intervention. Reinehr T et al. 2009 Archives of disease in childhood
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25161014 Obesity as a causal risk factor for deep venous thrombosis: a Mendelian randomization study. Klovaite J et al. 2015 Journal of internal medicine
25251416 Rs7206790 and rs11644943 in FTO gene are associated with risk of obesity in Chinese school-age population. Xu Y et al. 2014 PloS one
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25322899 Gender-specific genetic associations of polymorphisms in ACE, AKR1C2, FTO and MMP2 with weight gain over a 10-year period. Bouwman FG et al. 2014 Genes & nutrition
25367448 FTO rs9939609 polymorphism is associated with metabolic disturbances and response to HCV therapy in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. Pineda-Tenor D et al. 2014 BMC medicine
25377722 Obesity-associated gene FTO rs9939609 polymorphism in relation to the risk of tuberculosis. Feng Y et al. 2014 BMC infectious diseases
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25430627 A genetic risk tool for obesity predisposition assessment and personalized nutrition implementation based on macronutrient intake. Goni L et al. 2015 Genes & nutrition
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25592819 FTO gene variants are not associated with polycystic ovary syndrome in women from Southern Brazil. Ramos RB et al. 2015 Gene
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25845303 The obesity-related FTO gene variant associates with the risk of recurrent miscarriage. Andraweera PH et al. 2015 Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
25870980 Gene-Gene Interplay and Gene-Diet Interactions Involving the MTNR1B rs10830963 Variant with Body Weight Loss. Goni L et al. 2014 Journal of nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics
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26029010 Gene-by-Environment Interactions in Pancreatic Cancer: Implications for Prevention. Jansen RJ et al. 2015 The Yale journal of biology and medicine
26032905 Interaction between common variants of FTO and MC4R is associated with risk of PCOS. Yuan H et al. 2015 Reproductive biology and endocrinology
26067721 Influence of CYP19A1 polymorphisms on the treatment of breast cancer with aromatase inhibitors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Artigalás O et al. 2015 BMC medicine
26102344 Polymorphisms in FTO and TCF7L2 genes of Euro-Brazilian women with gestational diabetes. de Melo SF et al. 2015 Clinical biochemistry
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26222659 FTO Polymorphism rs9939609 Contributes to Weight Changes in Children With Celiac Disease on Gluten-Free Diet. Grandone A et al. 2015 Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
26240488 Utilizing Genetic Predisposition Score in Predicting Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Incidence: A Community-based Cohort Study on Middle-aged Koreans. Park HY et al. 2015 Journal of Korean medical science
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26260984 Sex-Specific Association between Longitudinal Changes in Adiposity, FTO rs9939609 Polymorphism, and Leukocyte Telomere Length. Shin C et al. 2016 Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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26271004 BAC transgenic zebrafish reveal hypothalamic enhancer activity around obesity associated SNP rs9939609 within the human FTO gene. Rinkwitz S et al. 2015 Genesis (New York, N.Y.
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26324055 Combined effects of FTO rs9939609 and MC4R rs17782313 on elevated nocturnal blood pressure in the Chinese Han population. Sun Y et al. 2016 Cardiovascular journal of Africa
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26429653 A single FTO gene variant rs9939609 is associated with body weight evolution in a multiethnic extremely obese population that underwent bariatric surgery. Rodrigues GK et al. 2015 Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
26431034 FTO Is Associated with Aortic Valve Stenosis in a Gender Specific Manner of Heterozygote Advantage: A Population-Based Case-Control Study. Thron C et al. 2015 PloS one
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26766031 Meta-analysis indicates that SNP rs9939609 within FTO is not associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Asian population. Yao Y et al. 2016 Journal of affective disorders
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26792494 Machine learning derived risk prediction of anorexia nervosa. Guo Y et al. 2016 BMC medical genomics
26797854 An obesity-associated risk allele within the FTO gene affects human brain activity for areas important for emotion, impulse control and reward in response to food images. Wiemerslage L et al. 2016 The European journal of neuroscience
26828654 Analysis of Genes Involved in Body Weight Regulation by Targeted Re-Sequencing. Volckmar AL et al. 2016 PloS one
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26851191 Changes in Physical Activity Following a Genetic-Based Internet-Delivered Personalized Intervention: Randomized Controlled Trial (Food4Me). Marsaux CF et al. 2016 Journal of medical Internet research
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26879377 FADS1-FADS2 gene cluster confers risk to polycystic ovary syndrome. Tian Y et al. 2016 Scientific reports
26888713 FTO genotype and weight loss in diet and lifestyle interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Xiang L et al. 2016 The American journal of clinical nutrition
26902996 Polymorphisms of the FTO and MTHFR genes and vascular, inflammatory and metabolic marker levels in postmenopausal women. Chedraui P et al. 2016 Journal of endocrinological investigation
26907388 Relation of FTO gene variants to fetal growth trajectories: Findings from the Southampton Women's survey. Barton SJ et al. 2016 Placenta
26908368 Physical activity and FTO genotype by physical activity interactive influences on obesity. Kim JY et al. 2016 BMC genetics
26921105 Physical activity attenuates the effect of the FTO genotype on obesity traits in European adults: The Food4Me study. Celis-Morales C et al. 2016 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
26930408 Association between Maternal Fish Consumption and Gestational Weight Gain: Influence of Molecular Genetic Predisposition to Obesity. Larsen SC et al. 2016 PloS one
26945930 The influence of clinical and genetic factors on the development of obesity in children with type 1 diabetes. Łuczyński W et al. 2016 Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews
26961927 Best (but oft-forgotten) practices: the design, analysis, and interpretation of Mendelian randomization studies. Haycock PC et al. 2016 The American journal of clinical nutrition
27003669 Physical activity, but not dietary intake, attenuates the effect of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on obesity and metabolic syndrome in Lithuanian adult population. Petkeviciene J et al. 2016 Public health
27053236 Evaluation of type 2 diabetes genetic risk variants in Chinese adults: findings from 93,000 individuals from the China Kadoorie Biobank. Gan W et al. 2016 Diabetologia
27064284 Hypomorphism of Fto and Rpgrip1l causes obesity in mice. Stratigopoulos G et al. 2016 The Journal of clinical investigation
27118560 High body mass index and risk of exacerbations and pneumonias in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: observational and genetic risk estimates from the Copenhagen General Population Study. Çolak Y et al. 2016 International journal of epidemiology
27146691 Risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome associated with FTO gene variants discloses clinically relevant gender difference among Turks. Guclu-Geyik F et al. 2016 Molecular biology reports
27147943 Neuroendorine and Epigentic Mechanisms Subserving Autonomic Imbalance and HPA Dysfunction in the Metabolic Syndrome. Lemche E et al. 2016 Frontiers in neuroscience
27153677 Assessing statistical significance in multivariable genome wide association analysis. Buzdugan L et al. 2016 Bioinformatics (Oxford, England)
27168919 Association of FTO rs9939609 SNP with Obesity and Obesity- Associated Phenotypes in a North Indian Population. Prakash J et al. 2016 Oman medical journal
27186233 The effect of interaction between Melanocortin-4 receptor polymorphism and dietary factors on the risk of metabolic syndrome. Koochakpoor G et al. 2016 Nutrition & metabolism
27196486 FTO rs 9939609 SNP Is Associated With Adiponectin and Leptin Levels and the Risk of Obesity in a Cohort of Romanian Children Population. Duicu C et al. 2016 Medicine
27217270 Pharmacogenetic Associations of Antipsychotic Drug-Related Weight Gain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Zhang JP et al. 2016 Schizophrenia bulletin
27218147 Association of KALRN, ADIPOQ, and FTO gene polymorphism in type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease: possible predisposing markers. Mofarrah M et al. 2016 Coronary artery disease
27241637 Is fat mass & obesity-associated (FTO) gene master regulator of obesity ? Mittal B et al. 2016 The Indian journal of medical research
27241640 Association between rs9930506 polymorphism of the fat mass & obesity-associated (FTO) gene & onset of obesity in Polish adults. Wrzosek M et al. 2016 The Indian journal of medical research
27249024 Association of Metabolites with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Based on FTO Genotype. Kim YJ et al. 2016 PloS one
27274759 Interaction between FTO gene variants and lifestyle factors on metabolic traits in an Asian Indian population. Vimaleswaran KS et al. 2016 Nutrition & metabolism
27281091 Genetic variants associated with lean and obese type 2 diabetes in a Han Chinese population: A case-control study. Kong X et al. 2016 Medicine
27314342 A Guide to Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Childhood and Adolescence. Temple JL et al. 2016 International journal of molecular sciences
27383215 Type 2 Diabetes Risk Allele Loci in the Qatari Population. O'Beirne SL et al. 2016 PloS one
27392994 Association of ADIPOQ, LEP, and FTO gene polymorphisms with large for gestational age infants. Kroll C et al. 2017 American journal of human biology
27394708 A novel MC4R deletion coexisting with FTO and MC1R gene variants, causes severe early onset obesity. Neocleous V et al. 2016 Hormones (Athens, Greece)
27432166 Evaluation of differential effects of metformin treatment in obese children according to pubertal stage and genetic variations: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Pastor-Villaescusa B et al. 2016 Trials
27478388 Assessing the Causality Factors in the Association between (Abdominal) Obesity and Physical Activity among the Newfoundland Population-A Mendelian Randomization Analysis. Barning F et al. 2016 Genetics & epigenetics
27480816 Longitudinal relationships between glycemic status and body mass index in a multiethnic study: evidence from observational and genetic epidemiology. Ishola AF et al. 2016 Scientific reports
27514607 Dietary fat intake modifies the influence of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on adiposity in adolescents: The HELENA cross-sectional study. Labayen I et al. 2016 Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases
27560839 Polymorphisms FTO rs9939609, PPARG rs1801282 and ADIPOQ rs4632532 and rs182052 but not lifestyle are associated with obesity related-traits in Mexican children. Muñoz-Yáñez C et al. 2016 Genetics and molecular biology
27596730 Multiple novel gene-by-environment interactions modify the effect of FTO variants on body mass index. Young AI et al. 2016 Nature communications
27598147 Advances in Integrating Traditional and Omic Biomarkers When Analyzing the Effects of the Mediterranean Diet Intervention in Cardiovascular Prevention. Fitó M et al. 2016 International journal of molecular sciences
27601205 Common variants in FKBP5 gene and major depressive disorder (MDD) susceptibility: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Rao S et al. 2016 Scientific reports
27601774 Genetic variants influencing effectiveness of exercise training programmes in obesity - an overview of human studies. Leońska-Duniec A et al. 2016 Biology of sport
27650258 A multianalytical approach to evaluate the association of 55 SNPs in 28 genes with obesity risk in North Indian adults. Srivastava A et al. 2017 American journal of human biology
27650503 FTO genotype and weight loss: systematic review and meta-analysis of 9563 individual participant data from eight randomised controlled trials. Livingstone KM et al. 2016 BMJ (Clinical research ed.)
27654143 Television food advertisement exposure and FTO rs9939609 genotype in relation to excess consumption in children. Gilbert-Diamond D et al. 2017 International journal of obesity (2005)
27684940 Gene Polymorphisms of FABP2, ADIPOQ and ANP and Risk of Hypertriglyceridemia and Metabolic Syndrome in Afro-Caribbeans. Larifla L et al. 2016 PloS one
27701175 Evaluation of the Obesity Genes FTO and MC4R for Contribution to the Risk of Large Artery Atherosclerotic Stroke in a Chinese Population. Song Z et al. 2016 Obesity facts
27768255 The obesity associated FTO gene variant and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: Evidence from the SCOPE study. Andraweera PH et al. 2016 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
27804228 Genetic and neural predictors of behavioral weight loss treatment: A preliminary study. Chen EY et al. 2017 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
27820839 FTO Gene Polymorphism Is Associated with Type 2 Diabetes through Its Effect on Increasing the Maximum BMI in Japanese Men. Kamura Y et al. 2016 PloS one
27846319 Genetic Correlation between Body Fat Percentage and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Suggests Common Genetic Etiology. Schnurr TM et al. 2016 PloS one
27920511 Relationships between <i>FTO</i> rs9939609, <i>MC4R</i> rs17782313, and <i>PPARγ</i> rs1801282 polymorphisms and the occurrence of selected metabolic and hormonal disorders in middle-aged and elderly men - a preliminary study. Rotter I et al. 2016 Clinical interventions in aging
27994159 Genetic risk for obesity predicts nucleus accumbens size and responsivity to real-world food cues. Rapuano KM et al. 2017 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
28025578 BMI loci and longitudinal BMI from adolescence to young adulthood in an ethnically diverse cohort. Graff M et al. 2017 International journal of obesity (2005)
28090739 Obesity-related genetic polymorphisms and adiposity indices in a young Italian population. Bordoni L et al. 2017 IUBMB life
28103813 Fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene influences skeletal muscle phenotypes in non-resistance trained males and elite rugby playing position. Heffernan SM et al. 2017 BMC genetics
28116842 Fat mass and obesity-associated gene variations are related to fatty liver disease in HIV-infected patients. Núñez-Torres R et al. 2017 HIV medicine
28133617 Molecular Analysis of a Genetic Variants Panel Related to Nutrients and Metabolism: Association with Susceptibility to Gestational Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Risk in Affected Women. Franzago M et al. 2017 Journal of diabetes research
28167353 Genetic risk analysis of coronary artery disease in Pakistani subjects using a genetic risk score of 21 variants. Shahid SU et al. 2017 Atherosclerosis
28208657 FTO Genotype and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Spatial Analysis and Meta-Analysis of 62 Case-Control Studies from Different Regions. Yang Y et al. 2017 Genes
28253266 Association of OGG1 and MTHFR polymorphisms with age-related cataract: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Wu X et al. 2017 PloS one
28257836 Association analysis of FTO gene polymorphisms with obesity in Greek adults. Goutzelas Y et al. 2017 Gene
28282466 Fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) is associated to eating disorders susceptibility and moderates the expression of psychopathological traits. Castellini G et al. 2017 PloS one
28357924 Association study of the FTO gene polymorphisms with the risk of pulmonary tuberculosis in a sample of Iranian population. Naderi M et al. 2017 Acta microbiologica et immunologica Hungarica
28371326 Susceptibility loci for metabolic syndrome and metabolic components identified in Han Chinese: a multi-stage genome-wide association study. Zhu Y et al. 2017 Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
28381478 Can genetic-based advice help you lose weight? Findings from the Food4Me European randomized controlled trial. Celis-Morales C et al. 2017 The American journal of clinical nutrition
28384342 Assessing gene-environment interaction effects of FTO, MC4R and lifestyle factors on obesity using an extreme phenotype sampling design: Results from the HUNT study. Bjørnland T et al. 2017 PloS one
28401323 Exploring single nucleotide polymorphisms previously related to obesity and metabolic traits in pediatric-onset type 2 diabetes. Miranda-Lora AL et al. 2017 Acta diabetologica
28451524 Fat Mass and Obesity Associated Gene Polymorphism and the Risk of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Meta-analysis. Liu Y et al. 2017 Iranian journal of public health
28459029 Association of Fat Mass and Obesity-associated Gene Variant with Lifestyle Factors and Body Fat in Indian Children. Parthasarthy LS et al. 2017 Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism
28464932 Interaction between FTO rs9939609 and the Native American-origin ABCA1 rs9282541 affects BMI in the admixed Mexican population. Villalobos-Comparán M et al. 2017 BMC medical genetics
28507607 Gene variants in the FTO gene are associated with adiponectin and TNF-alpha levels in gestational diabetes mellitus. Saucedo R et al. 2017 Diabetology & metabolic syndrome
28547937 Lack of Association of the Fat Mass and Obesity Associated (FTO) Gene rs9939609 Polymorphism with Breast Cancer Risk: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Based on Case - Control Studies Jafari Nedooshan J et al. 2017 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention
28559540 rs9939609 FTO genotype associations with FTO methylation level influences body mass and telomere length in an Australian rural population. Zhou Y et al. 2017 International journal of obesity (2005)
28566238 Correlation of Resistin Serum Level with Fat Mass and Obesity-Associated Gene (FTO) rs9939609 Polymorphism in Obese Women with Type 2 Diabetes. Majdi MA et al. 2017 Diabetes & metabolic syndrome
28585683 The age of developing diabetes and FTO polymorphisms (rs9939609, rs1421085, and rs9930506). Grzeszczak W et al. 2017 Endokrynologia Polska
28603074 FTO gene polymorphisms (rs9939609 and rs17817449) as predictors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in obese Iraqi population. Younus LA et al. 2017 Gene
28607773 FTO Gene Associates and Interacts with Obesity Risk, Physical Activity, Energy Intake, and Time Spent Sitting: Pilot Study in a Nigerian Population. Oyeyemi BF et al. 2017 Journal of obesity
28636007 Analysis of association of gene variants with obesity traits in New Zealand European children at 6 years of age. Krishnan M et al. 2017 Molecular bioSystems
28642257 Interaction between the <i>FTO</i> gene, body mass index and depression: meta-analysis of 13701 individuals. Rivera M et al. 2017 The British journal of psychiatry
28693089 [Effect of genetic polymorphisms on change in body mass index and obesity status during childhood]. Zhang MX et al. 2017 Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
28712975 FTO genotype and weight status among preadolescents: Assessing the mediating effects of obesogenic appetitive traits. Emond JA et al. 2017 Appetite
28738459 [Gene-gene interaction on central obesity in school-aged children in China]. Fu LW et al. 2017 Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
28738793 Association between 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Kazakh population: a case-control study. Sikhayeva N et al. 2017 BMC medical genetics
28746203 The FTO rs9939609 polymorphism is associated with short leukocyte telomere length in nonobese individuals. Yu JH et al. 2017 Medicine
28826396 Association between fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene rs9939609 A/T polymorphism and polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Liu AL et al. 2017 BMC medical genetics
28841830 Alcohol consumption and its interaction with adiposity-associated genetic variants in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference and body weight. Rohde JF et al. 2017 Nutrition journal
28881622 Is <i>FTO</i> gene variant related to cancer risk independently of adiposity? An updated meta-analysis of 129,467 cases and 290,633 controls. Kang Y et al. 2017 Oncotarget
28890888 Association between <i>ACE</i> (rs4646994), <i>FABP2</i> (rs1799883), <i>MTHFR</i> (rs1801133), <i>FTO</i> (rs9939609) Genes Polymorphism and Type 2 Diabetes with Dyslipidemia. Raza ST et al. 2017 International journal of molecular and cellular medicine
28913579 Association between FTO gene polymorphisms and HDL cholesterol concentration may cause higher risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with acromegaly. Franczak A et al. 2018 Pituitary
28914195 Polymorphism rs9939609 of Fat Mass and Obesity-associated Gene Correlation with Leptin Level of Obese Women Suffered from Type 2 Diabetes. Moghanloo MN et al. 2018 Current diabetes reviews
28915859 The (FTO) gene polymorphism is associated with metabolic syndrome risk in Egyptian females: a case- control study. Khella MS et al. 2017 BMC medical genetics
28977211 Association of 5-HT2C (rs3813929) and UCP3 (rs1800849) gene polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes in obese women candidates for bariatric surgery. Schnor NPP et al. 2017 Archives of endocrinology and metabolism
29040503 The role of early life growth development, the FTO gene and exclusive breastfeeding on child BMI trajectories. Wu YY et al. 2017 International journal of epidemiology
29101069 Association between FTO gene polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes mellitus, serum levels of apelin and androgen hormones among Iranian obese women. Ghafarian-Alipour F et al. 2018 Gene
29138452 Excessive fuel availability amplifies the FTO-mediated obesity risk: results from the TUEF and Whitehall II studies. Wagner R et al. 2017 Scientific reports
29193419 Effects of artichoke leaf extract supplementation on metabolic parameters in women with metabolic syndrome: Influence of TCF7L2-rs7903146 and FTO-rs9939609 polymorphisms. Rezazadeh K et al. 2018 Phytotherapy research
29233619 FTO affects food cravings and interacts with age to influence age-related decline in food cravings. Dang LC et al. 2018 Physiology & behavior
29238857 FTO rs9939609 A allele influences anthropometric outcome in response to dietary intervention, but not in response to physical exercise program. do Nascimento GA et al. 2019 European journal of nutrition
29256389 Adolescent obesity and the role of the fat mass and obesity-associated gene polymorphism. Çöl N et al. 2017 Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale
29260910 The Association Between the FTO rs9939609 Variant and Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Risk: A Case-Control Study. Khella MS et al. 2018 Genetic testing and molecular biomarkers
29315078 Associations between the components of metabolic syndrome and the polymorphisms in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (<i>PPAR-γ</i>), the fat mass and obesity-associated (<i>FTO</i>), and the melanocortin-4 receptor (<i>MC4R</i>) genes. Szkup M et al. 2018 Aging
29317321 Differential distribution and association of FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism with obesity: A cross-sectional study among two tribal populations of India with East-Asian ancestry. Ningombam SS et al. 2018 Gene
29325734 Fat mass and obesity-associated gene rs9939609 polymorphism is a potential biomarker of recurrent venous thromboembolism in male but not in female patients. Ahmad A et al. 2018 Gene
29325775 Nutrigenetic variants and cardio-metabolic risk in women with or without gestational diabetes. Franzago M et al. 2018 Diabetes research and clinical practice
29333375 Impact of FTO SNPs <i>rs9930506</i> and <i>rs9939609</i> in Prostate Cancer Severity in a Cohort of Puerto Rican Men. Salgado-Montilla JL et al. 2017 Archives in cancer research
29334686 Fat Mass and Obesity-Related Gene Variants rs9939609 and rs7185735 are Associated with Second-Generation Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain. Schröder C et al. 2019 Pharmacopsychiatry
29340108 Effect of gene-lifestyle interaction on gestational diabetes risk. Popova PV et al. 2017 Oncotarget
29343214 Establishing a genetic link between FTO and VDR gene polymorphisms and obesity in the Emirati population. Khan SM et al. 2018 BMC medical genetics
29361938 Long-term effects of Garcinia cambogia/Glucomannan on weight loss in people with obesity, PLIN4, FTO and Trp64Arg polymorphisms. Maia-Landim A et al. 2018 BMC complementary and alternative medicine
29381017 [The investigation the combined effect of SNP rs9939609 (gene FTO) and rs4994 (gene ADRB3) polymorphisms on risk of obesity]. Baturin AK et al. 2016 Voprosy pitaniia
29402776 Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity in the Kuwaiti Population: A Public Health Concern? Al-Serri A et al. 2018 Medical principles and practice
29416098 Breastfeeding moderates FTO related adiposity: a birth cohort study with 30 years of follow-up. Horta BL et al. 2018 Scientific reports
29466028 Analysis of the Impact of Common Polymorphisms of the FTO and MC4R Genes with the Risk of Severe Obesity in Saudi Arabian Population. Cyrus C et al. 2018 Genetic testing and molecular biomarkers
29469022 Obesity candidate genes, gestational weight gain, and body weight changes in pregnant women. Groth SW et al. 2018 Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
29520227 Disruption of Accumbens and Thalamic White Matter Connectivity Revealed by Diffusion Tensor Tractography in Young Men with Genetic Risk for Obesity. Olivo G et al. 2018 Frontiers in human neuroscience
29529147 FTO genotype impacts food intake and corticolimbic activation. Melhorn SJ et al. 2018 The American journal of clinical nutrition
29531329 Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) rs9939609 polymorphism modifies the relationship between body mass index and affective symptoms through the life course: a prospective birth cohort study. Koike S et al. 2018 Translational psychiatry
29540276 Higher prevalence of FTO gene risk genotypes AA rs9939609, CC rs1421085, and GG rs17817449 and saliva containing Staphylococcus aureus in obese women in Croatia. Huđek A et al. 2017 Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.)
29622662 Potential genetic polymorphisms predicting polycystic ovary syndrome. Chen Y et al. 2018 Endocrine connections
29657248 Association of fat mass and obesity-associated and retinitis pigmentosa guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) regulator-interacting protein-1 like polymorphisms with body mass index in Chinese women. Chen B et al. 2018 Endocrine journal
29675043 Cardiovascular Risk Factors after Childhood Cancer Treatment Are Independent of the FTO Gene Polymorphism? Sawicka-Żukowska M et al. 2018 International journal of endocrinology
29679223 Association between LEPR, FTO, MC4R, and PPARG-2 polymorphisms with obesity traits and metabolic phenotypes in school-aged children. Almeida SM et al. 2018 Endocrine
29686893 Effect of Obesity-Linked <i>FTO</i> rs9939609 Variant on Physical Activity and Dietary Patterns in Physically Active Men and Women. West NR et al. 2018 Journal of obesity
29744713 FABP2, LEPR223, LEP656, and FTO Polymorphisms: Effect on Weight Loss 2 Years After Bariatric Surgery. Kops NL et al. 2018 Obesity surgery
29752338 Identification of genetic basis of obesity and mechanistic link of genes and lipids in Pakistani population. Shabana et al. 2018 Bioscience reports
29764479 Effect of FTO rs9939609 variant on insulin resistance in obese female adolescents. Iskandar K et al. 2018 BMC research notes
29778907 Association of the FTO fat mass and obesity-associated gene rs9939609 polymorphism with rewarding value of food and eating behavior in Chilean children. Obregón Rivas AM et al. 2018 Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
29785132 Influence of <i>FTO</i> rs9939609 polymorphism on appetite, ghrelin, leptin, IL6, TNFα levels, and food intake of women with morbid obesity. Magno FCCM et al. 2018 Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity
29795275 Phenotype and genotype predictors of BMI variability among European adults. Goni L et al. 2018 Nutrition & diabetes
29847830 Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity. Yasri S et al. 2018 Medical principles and practice
29854435 <i>FTO</i> rs9939609 Does Not Interact with Physical Exercise but Influences Basal Insulin Metabolism in Brazilian Overweight and Obese Adolescents. do Nascimento GA et al. 2018 Journal of obesity
29893663 Associations between obesity candidate gene polymorphisms (fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO), melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R), leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR)) and dietary intake in pregnant women. Martins MC et al. 2018 The British journal of nutrition
30032228 Associations between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Total Energy, Carbohydrate, and Fat Intakes: A Systematic Review. Drabsch T et al. 2018 Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.)
30041557 The rs9939609 polymorphism in the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene is associated with obesity in Tunisian population. Ben Halima M et al. 2018 Biomarkers
30055308 Lack of associations between the FTO polymorphisms and gestational diabetes: A meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. He H et al. 2018 Gene
30074174 Meta-analysis of GABRB3 Gene Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Autism Spectrum Disorder. Noroozi R et al. 2018 Journal of molecular neuroscience
30091126 Association of type 2 diabetes susceptible genes GCKR, SLC30A8, and FTO polymorphisms with gestational diabetes mellitus risk: a meta-analysis. Lin Z et al. 2018 Endocrine
30091536 Assessment of the FTO gene polymorphisms in male patients with metabolic syndrome. Ślęzak R et al. 2018 Advances in clinical and experimental medicine
30104138 The FTO rs9939609 polymorphism and obesity risk in teens: Evidence-based meta-analysis. da Silva TER et al. 2018 Obesity research & clinical practice
30111348 Late effects in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the context of selected gene polymorphisms. Kwiecinska K et al. 2018 Italian journal of pediatrics
30129237 Association between FTO gene polymorphism and excess body weight in women from before to after pregnancy: A cohort study. Kroll C et al. 2018 American journal of human biology
30148903 [Association between FTO (ns9939609) genotype and adiposity markers in Chilean adults]. Petermann F et al. 2018 Revista medica de Chile
30170548 Common FTO rs9939609 variant and risk of type 2 diabetes in Palestine. Sabarneh A et al. 2018 BMC medical genetics
30311592 Genetic risk score based on fat mass and obesity-associated, transmembrane protein 18 and fibronectin type III domain containing 5 polymorphisms is associated with anthropometric characteristics in South Brazilian children and adolescents. Todendi PF et al. 2019 The British journal of nutrition
30334133 Nutrigenetic genotyping study in relation to Sleep Apnea Clinical Score. Gkouskou K et al. 2019 Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung
30349339 Plasma stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity indices and bile acid concentrations after a low-fat meal: association with a genetic variant in the <i>FTO</i> gene. Skuladottir GV et al. 2018 Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity
30356143 Biochemistry, hormones and adipocytokines in prepubertal children born with IUGR evoke metabolic, hepatic and renal derangements. Sidiropoulou EJ et al. 2018 Scientific reports
30416093 Investigation of potential genomic biomarkers for obesity and personalized medicine. Ergören MC et al. 2019 International journal of biological macromolecules
30419927 Influence of FTO rs9939609 and Mediterranean diet on body composition and weight loss: a randomized clinical trial. Di Renzo L et al. 2018 Journal of translational medicine
30442880 Relationship Between Fat Mass and Obesity-Associated (FTO) Gene Polymorphisms with Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Ethnic Mongolians. Zhang Q et al. 2018 Medical science monitor
30450255 Assessing effect of interaction between the <i>FTO</i> A/T polymorphism (rs9939609) and physical activity on obesity-related traits. Leońska-Duniec A et al. 2018 Journal of sport and health science
30537186 Genetic variation of FTO: rs1421085 T&gt;C, rs8057044 G&gt;A, rs9939609 T&gt;A, and copy number (CNV) in Mexican Mayan school-aged children with obesity/overweight and with normal weight. González-Herrera L et al. 2019 American journal of human biology
30592864 [Assessment of the sufficiency of Moscow population with folic acid, depending on the combined effect of polymorphism of <i>MTHFR</i> and <i>FTO</i> genes]. Sorokina EY et al. 2018 Voprosy pitaniia
30596735 Identification of selected genetic polymorphisms in polycystic ovary syndrome in Sri Lankan women using low cost genotyping techniques. Branavan U et al. 2018 PloS one
30607268 Correlation of the Homeostasis Model Assessment Index and Adiponectin, Leptin and Insulin Levels to Body Mass Index-Associated Gene Polymorphisms in Adolescents. Martínez-Martínez MD et al. 2018 Sultan Qaboos University medical journal
30645860 [The association of <i>rs993609</i> polymorphisms of gene <i>FTO</i> and <i>rs659366</i> polymorphisms of gene <i>UCP2</i> with obesity among Arctic Russian population]. Baturin AK et al. 2017 Voprosy pitaniia
30655132 FTO rs9939609 Gene Polymorphism and Obesity: Lack of Association in Kidney Transplantation. Piancatelli D et al. 2019 Transplantation proceedings
30656477 Genotypes of HLA, TCF7L2, and FTO as potential modifiers of the association between sweetened beverage consumption and risk of LADA and type 2 diabetes. Löfvenborg JE et al. 2019 European journal of nutrition
30671185 Evaluation of <i>FTO</i> rs9939609 and <i>MC4R</i> rs17782313 Polymorphisms as Prognostic Biomarkers of Obesity: A Population-based Cross-sectional Study. Mozafarizadeh M et al. 2019 Oman medical journal
30677719 Association study of variants in genes FTO, SLC6A4, DRD2, BDNF and GHRL with binge eating disorder (BED) in Portuguese women. Palmeira L et al. 2019 Psychiatry research
30694969 The A-allele of the FTO Gene rs9939609 Polymorphism Is Associated With Decreased Proportion of Slow Oxidative Muscle Fibers and Over-represented in Heavier Athletes. Guilherme JPLF et al. 2019 Journal of strength and conditioning research
30713021 The role of the genetic variants IRX3 rs3751723 and FTO rs9939609 in the obesity phenotypes of children and adolescents. Ferreira Todendi P et al. 2019 Obesity research & clinical practice
30725038 [Association of the FTO (rs9939609) genotype with energy intake]. Villagrán M et al. 2018 Revista medica de Chile
30733965 The Influence of FTO Polymorphism rs9939609 on Obesity, Some Clinical Features, and Disturbance of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Patients with Psoriasis. Tupikowska-Marzec M et al. 2019 BioMed research international
30759834 Eating Behaviours and Food Cravings; Influence of Age, Sex, BMI and <i>FTO</i> Genotype. Abdella HM et al. 2019 Nutrients
30764545 Common Polymorphisms Linked to Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease in Europeans and Asians are Associated with Type 2 Diabetes in Mexican Mestizos. Jiménez-Osorio AS et al. 2019 Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
30764585 The Interaction between Genetic Polymorphisms in <i>FTO</i> and <i>TCF7L2</i> Genes and Dietary Intake with Regard to Body Mass and Composition: An Exploratory Study. Nasreddine L et al. 2019 Journal of personalized medicine
30767572 Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) and leptin receptor (LEPR) gene polymorphisms in Egyptian obese subjects. Ali EMM et al. 2019 Archives of physiology and biochemistry
30822753 Effects of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene polymorphisms on binge eating in women with binge-eating disorder: The moderating influence of attachment style. Cameron JD et al. 2019 Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
30896429 Combined effect of FTO and MC4R gene polymorphisms on obesity in children and adolescents in Northwest China: a case-control study. Yang Y et al. 2019 Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
30896430 Obesity risk and preference for high dietary fat intake are determined by FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism in selected Indonesian adults. Daya M et al. 2019 Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
30907917 Contribution of obesity associated genetic variants to anthropometric somatotype components. Ibáñez-Zamacona ME et al. 2019 Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht uber die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
31114636 Maternal genetic contribution to pre-pregnancy obesity, gestational weight gain, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Beysel S et al. 2019 Diabetology & metabolic syndrome
31119882 The FTO Gene and Measured Food Intake in 5- to 10-Year-Old Children Without Obesity. Ranzenhofer LM et al. 2019 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
31124039 FTO gene polymorphisms and obesity risk in Chinese population: a meta-analysis. Zhao NN et al. 2019 World journal of pediatrics
31125083 Interaction between overweight and genotypes of HLA, TCF7L2, and FTO in relation to the risk of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults and type 2 diabetes. Hjort R et al. 2019 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
31144980 INSIG2 gene polymorphism is associated with higher blood pressure and triglyceride levels in Brazilian obese subjects. Nicoletti CF et al. 2019 Nutricion hospitalaria
31200723 Association of Omentin rs2274907 and FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphisms with insulin resistance in Iranian individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Khoshi A et al. 2019 Lipids in health and disease
31213864 The association of the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) rs9939609 polymorphism and the severe obesity in a Brazilian population. da Fonseca ACP et al. 2019 Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products
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NCBI Graphical Sequence Viewer display of the genomic region, transcripts and protein products for the reported RefSNP (rs).
Use the zoom option to view the nucleotides around the RefSNP and find other neighboring RefSNPs.
Visit Sequence Viewer for help with navigating inside the display and modifying the selection of displayed data tracks.

Software version is: 2.0.1.post104+4a6ee9c