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dbSNP Short Genetic Variations

Welcome to the Reference SNP (rs) Report

All alleles are reported in the Forward orientation. Click on the Variant Details tab for details on Genomic Placement, Gene, and Amino Acid changes. HGVS names are in the HGVS tab.

Reference SNP (rs) Report

This page reports data for a single dbSNP Reference SNP variation (RefSNP or rs) from the new redesigned dbSNP build.
Top of the page reports a concise summary for the rs, with more specific details included in the corresponding tabs below.
All alleles are reported in the Forward orientation. Use the Genomic View to inspect the nucleotides flanking the variant, and its neighbors.
For more information see Help documentation.


Current Build 155

Released April 9, 2021

Homo sapiens
chr19:40233958 (GRCh38.p13) Help

The anchor position for this RefSNP. Includes all nucleotides potentially affected by this change, thus it can differ from HGVS, which is right-shifted. See here for details.

Variation Type
SNV Single Nucleotide Variation
A=0.000638 (169/264690, TOPMED)
A=0.000304 (74/243648, GnomAD_exome)
A=0.000634 (89/140270, GnomAD) (+ 3 more)
A=0.000096 (11/115150, ExAC)
A=0.00014 (2/14420, ALFA)
A=0.0010 (5/5008, 1000G)
Clinical Significance
Reported in ClinVar
Gene : Consequence
AKT2 : Intron Variant
0 citations
Genomic View
See rs on genome

Variant Details tab shows known variant placements on genomic sequences: chromosomes (NC_), RefSeqGene, pseudogenes or genomic regions (NG_), and in a separate table: on transcripts (NM_) and protein sequences (NP_). The corresponding transcript and protein locations are listed in adjacent lines, along with molecular consequences from Sequence Ontology. When no protein placement is available, only the transcript is listed. Column "Codon[Amino acid]" shows the actual base change in the format of "Reference > Alternate" allele, including the nucleotide codon change in transcripts, and the amino acid change in proteins, respectively, allowing for known ribosomal slippage sites. To view nucleotides adjacent to the variant use the Genomic View at the bottom of the page - zoom into the sequence until the nucleotides around the variant become visible.

Genomic Placements
Sequence name Change
GRCh38.p13 chr 19 NC_000019.10:g.40233958G>A
GRCh37.p13 chr 19 NC_000019.9:g.40739865G>A
AKT2 RefSeqGene (LRG_1391) NG_012038.2:g.56401C>T
Gene: AKT2, AKT serine/threonine kinase 2 (minus strand)
Molecule type Change Amino acid[Codon] SO Term
AKT2 transcript variant 2 NM_001243027.3:c.1181-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant 3 NM_001243028.3:c.1181-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant 4 NM_001330511.1:c.1238-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant 1 NM_001626.6:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X1 XM_011526614.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X2 XM_011526615.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X3 XM_011526616.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X6 XM_011526618.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X7 XM_011526619.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X8 XM_011526620.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X5 XM_017026470.2:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X4 XM_024451416.1:c.1367-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X9 XM_024451417.1:c.1238-7C>T N/A Intron Variant
AKT2 transcript variant X10 XM_011526622.2:c. N/A Genic Downstream Transcript Variant

Clinical Significance tab shows a list of clinical significance entries from ClinVar associated with the variation, per allele. Click on the RCV accession (i.e. RCV000001615.2) or Allele ID (i.e. 12274) to access full ClinVar report.

Allele: A (allele ID: 695821 )
ClinVar Accession Disease Names Clinical Significance
RCV000878007.2 Hypoglycemia, neonatal, simulating foetopathia diabetica,Type 2 diabetes mellitus Likely-Benign

ALFA Allele Frequency
The ALFA project provide aggregate allele frequency from dbGaP. More information is available on the project page including descriptions, data access, and terms of use.

Release Version: 20201027095038
Population Group Sample Size Ref Allele Alt Allele
Total Global 14420 G=0.99986 A=0.00014
European Sub 9824 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
African Sub 2946 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
African Others Sub 114 G=1.000 A=0.000
African American Sub 2832 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
Asian Sub 112 G=1.000 A=0.000
East Asian Sub 86 G=1.00 A=0.00
Other Asian Sub 26 G=1.00 A=0.00
Latin American 1 Sub 146 G=1.000 A=0.000
Latin American 2 Sub 610 G=1.000 A=0.000
South Asian Sub 98 G=1.00 A=0.00
Other Sub 684 G=0.997 A=0.003


Frequency tab displays a table of the reference and alternate allele frequencies reported by various studies and populations. Table lines, where Population="Global" refer to the entire study population, whereas lines, where Group="Sub", refer to a study-specific population subgroupings (i.e. AFR, CAU, etc.), if available. Frequency for the alternate allele (Alt Allele) is a ratio of samples observed-to-total, where the numerator (observed samples) is the number of chromosomes in the study with the minor allele present (found in "Sample size", where Group="Sub"), and the denominator (total samples) is the total number of all chromosomes in the study for the variant (found in "Sample size", where Group="Study-wide" and Population="Global").

Study Population Group Sample Size Ref Allele Alt Allele
TopMed Global Study-wide 264690 G=0.999362 A=0.000638
gnomAD - Exomes Global Study-wide 243648 G=0.999696 A=0.000304
gnomAD - Exomes European Sub 128286 G=1.000000 A=0.000000
gnomAD - Exomes Asian Sub 48866 G=0.99998 A=0.00002
gnomAD - Exomes American Sub 34438 G=0.99791 A=0.00209
gnomAD - Exomes African Sub 16036 G=1.00000 A=0.00000
gnomAD - Exomes Ashkenazi Jewish Sub 9974 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
gnomAD - Exomes Other Sub 6048 G=0.9998 A=0.0002
gnomAD - Genomes Global Study-wide 140270 G=0.999366 A=0.000634
gnomAD - Genomes European Sub 75948 G=0.99999 A=0.00001
gnomAD - Genomes African Sub 42046 G=0.99998 A=0.00002
gnomAD - Genomes American Sub 13670 G=0.99371 A=0.00629
gnomAD - Genomes Ashkenazi Jewish Sub 3324 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
gnomAD - Genomes East Asian Sub 3132 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
gnomAD - Genomes Other Sub 2150 G=0.9995 A=0.0005
ExAC Global Study-wide 115150 G=0.999904 A=0.000096
ExAC Europe Sub 69270 G=1.00000 A=0.00000
ExAC Asian Sub 24272 G=1.00000 A=0.00000
ExAC American Sub 11070 G=0.99901 A=0.00099
ExAC African Sub 9690 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
ExAC Other Sub 848 G=1.000 A=0.000
1000Genomes Global Study-wide 5008 G=0.9990 A=0.0010
1000Genomes African Sub 1322 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
1000Genomes East Asian Sub 1008 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
1000Genomes Europe Sub 1006 G=1.0000 A=0.0000
1000Genomes South Asian Sub 978 G=1.000 A=0.000
1000Genomes American Sub 694 G=0.993 A=0.007

Aliases tab displays HGVS names representing the variant placements and allele changes on genomic, transcript and protein sequences, per allele. HGVS name is an expression for reporting sequence accession and version, sequence type, position, and allele change. The column "Note" can have two values: "diff" means that there is a difference between the reference allele (variation interval) at the placement reported in HGVS name and the reference alleles reported in other HGVS names, and "rev" means that the sequence of this variation interval at the placement reported in HGVS name is in reverse orientation to the sequence(s) of this variation in other HGVS names not labeled as "rev".

Placement G= A
GRCh38.p13 chr 19 NC_000019.10:g.40233958= NC_000019.10:g.40233958G>A
GRCh37.p13 chr 19 NC_000019.9:g.40739865= NC_000019.9:g.40739865G>A
AKT2 RefSeqGene (LRG_1391) NG_012038.2:g.56401= NG_012038.2:g.56401C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 2 NM_001243027.1:c.1181-7= NM_001243027.1:c.1181-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 2 NM_001243027.3:c.1181-7= NM_001243027.3:c.1181-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 3 NM_001243028.1:c.1181-7= NM_001243028.1:c.1181-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 3 NM_001243028.3:c.1181-7= NM_001243028.3:c.1181-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 4 NM_001330511.1:c.1238-7= NM_001330511.1:c.1238-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 1 NM_001626.4:c.1367-7= NM_001626.4:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant 1 NM_001626.6:c.1367-7= NM_001626.6:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X1 XM_005258645.1:c.1367-7= XM_005258645.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X2 XM_005258646.1:c.1367-7= XM_005258646.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X3 XM_005258647.1:c.1367-7= XM_005258647.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X4 XM_005258648.1:c.1367-7= XM_005258648.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X5 XM_005258649.1:c.1367-7= XM_005258649.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X6 XM_005258650.1:c.1301-7= XM_005258650.1:c.1301-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X1 XM_011526614.1:c.1367-7= XM_011526614.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X2 XM_011526615.1:c.1367-7= XM_011526615.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X3 XM_011526616.1:c.1367-7= XM_011526616.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X6 XM_011526618.1:c.1367-7= XM_011526618.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X7 XM_011526619.1:c.1367-7= XM_011526619.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X8 XM_011526620.1:c.1367-7= XM_011526620.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X5 XM_017026470.2:c.1367-7= XM_017026470.2:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X4 XM_024451416.1:c.1367-7= XM_024451416.1:c.1367-7C>T
AKT2 transcript variant X9 XM_024451417.1:c.1238-7= XM_024451417.1:c.1238-7C>T

Submissions tab displays variations originally submitted to dbSNP, now supporting this RefSNP cluster (rs). We display Submitter handle, Submission identifier, Date and Build number, when the submission appeared for the first time. Direct submissions to dbSNP have Submission ID in the form of an ss-prefixed number (ss#). Other supporting variations are listed in the table without ss#.

10 SubSNP, 6 Frequency, 1 ClinVar submissions
No Submitter Submission ID Date (Build)
1 1000GENOMES ss465594021 Sep 17, 2011 (135)
2 1000GENOMES ss491159177 May 04, 2012 (137)
3 1000GENOMES ss1363179001 Aug 21, 2014 (142)
4 EVA_EXAC ss1693604364 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
5 HUMAN_LONGEVITY ss2225794401 Dec 20, 2016 (150)
6 GNOMAD ss2743999093 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
7 GNOMAD ss2750189252 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
8 GNOMAD ss2962907081 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
9 TOPMED ss3293382072 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
10 TOPMED ss5074951146 Apr 26, 2021 (155)
11 1000Genomes NC_000019.9 - 40739865 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
12 ExAC NC_000019.9 - 40739865 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
13 gnomAD - Genomes NC_000019.10 - 40233958 Apr 26, 2021 (155)
14 gnomAD - Exomes NC_000019.9 - 40739865 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
15 TopMed NC_000019.10 - 40233958 Apr 26, 2021 (155)
16 ALFA NC_000019.10 - 40233958 Apr 26, 2021 (155)
17 ClinVar RCV000878007.2 Apr 26, 2021 (155)

History tab displays RefSNPs (Associated ID) from previous builds (Build) that now support the current RefSNP, and the dates, when the history was updated for each Associated ID (History Updated).

Added to this RefSNP Cluster:
Submission IDs Observation SPDI Canonical SPDI Source RSIDs
76586918, 4109040, 13312687, ss465594021, ss491159177, ss1363179001, ss1693604364, ss2743999093, ss2750189252, ss2962907081 NC_000019.9:40739864:G:A NC_000019.10:40233957:G:A (self)
RCV000878007.2, 540151901, 181222043, 290496810, 7871289226, ss2225794401, ss3293382072, ss5074951146 NC_000019.10:40233957:G:A NC_000019.10:40233957:G:A (self)

Publications tab displays PubMed articles citing the variation as a listing of PMID, Title, Author, Year, Journal, ordered by Year, descending.

No publications for rs191069336


The Flanks tab provides retrieving flanking sequences of a SNP on all molecules that have placements.

Genome context:
Select flank length:

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products
Top Help

NCBI Graphical Sequence Viewer display of the genomic region, transcripts and protein products for the reported RefSNP (rs).
Use the zoom option to view the nucleotides around the RefSNP and find other neighboring RefSNPs.
Visit Sequence Viewer for help with navigating inside the display and modifying the selection of displayed data tracks.

Software version is: 2.0.1.post596+ae089ad