Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Mont MA, Cohen DB, Campbell KR, Gravare K, Mathur SK. Isokinetic concentric versus eccentric training of shoulder rotators with functional evaluation of performance enhancement in elite tennis players. Am J Sports Med. 1994 Jul-Aug;22(4):513-7. doi: 10.1177/036354659402200413. PubMed PMID: 7943517.
Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Thomeé P, Karlsson J. Eccentric overload training for patients with chronic Achilles tendon pain--a randomised controlled study with reliability testing of the evaluation methods. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2001 Aug;11(4):197-206. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2001.110402.x. PubMed PMID: 11476424.
Neeter C, Thomeé R, Silbernagel KG, Thomeé P, Karlsson J. Iontophoresis with or without dexamethazone in the treatment of acute Achilles tendon pain. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2003 Dec;13(6):376-82. doi: 10.1046/j.1600-0838.2003.00305.x. PubMed PMID: 14617059.
Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Karlsson J. Cross-cultural adaptation of the VISA-A questionnaire, an index of clinical severity for patients with Achilles tendinopathy, with reliability, validity and structure evaluations. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2005 Mar 6;6:12. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-6-12. PubMed PMID: 15748297; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC555595.
Gustavsson A, Neeter C, Thomeé P, Silbernagel KG, Augustsson J, Thomeé R, Karlsson J. A test battery for evaluating hop performance in patients with an ACL injury and patients who have undergone ACL reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2006 Aug;14(8):778-88. doi: 10.1007/s00167-006-0045-6. Epub 2006 Mar 9. PubMed PMID: 16525796.
Silbernagel KG, Gustavsson A, Thomeé R, Karlsson J. Evaluation of lower leg function in patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2006 Nov;14(11):1207-17. doi: 10.1007/s00167-006-0150-6. Epub 2006 Jul 21. PubMed PMID: 16858560.
Nilsson-Helander K, Thomeé R, Silbernagel KG, Thomeé P, Faxén E, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS): development and validation. Am J Sports Med. 2007 Mar;35(3):421-6. doi: 10.1177/0363546506294856. Epub 2006 Dec 7. PubMed PMID: 17158277.
Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J. Full symptomatic recovery does not ensure full recovery of muscle-tendon function in patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Br J Sports Med. 2007 Apr;41(4):276-80; discussion 280. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2006.033464. Epub 2007 Jan 29. PubMed PMID: 17261555; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2658968.
Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J. Continued sports activity, using a pain-monitoring model, during rehabilitation in patients with Achilles tendinopathy: a randomized controlled study. Am J Sports Med. 2007 Jun;35(6):897-906. doi: 10.1177/0363546506298279. Epub 2007 Feb 16. PubMed PMID: 17307888.
Nilsson-Helander K, Swärd L, Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J. A new surgical method to treat chronic ruptures and reruptures of the Achilles tendon. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2008 Jun;16(6):614-20. doi: 10.1007/s00167-008-0492-3. Epub 2008 Feb 14. PubMed PMID: 18273601.
Ageberg E, Thomeé R, Neeter C, Silbernagel KG, Roos EM. Muscle strength and functional performance in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury treated with training and surgical reconstruction or training only: a two to five-year followup. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Dec 15;59(12):1773-9. doi: 10.1002/art.24066. PubMed PMID: 19035430.
Ageberg E, Roos HP, Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Roos EM. Knee extension and flexion muscle power after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon graft or hamstring tendons graft: a cross-sectional comparison 3 years post surgery. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2009 Feb;17(2):162-9. doi: 10.1007/s00167-008-0645-4. Epub 2008 Nov 4. PubMed PMID: 18982311.
Abate M, Silbernagel KG, Siljeholm C, Di Iorio A, De Amicis D, Salini V, Werner S, Paganelli R. Pathogenesis of tendinopathies: inflammation or degeneration?. Arthritis Res Ther. 2009;11(3):235. doi: 10.1186/ar2723. Epub 2009 Jun 30. Review. PubMed PMID: 19591655; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2714139.
Silbernagel KG, Nilsson-Helander K, Thomeé R, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J. A new measurement of heel-rise endurance with the ability to detect functional deficits in patients with Achilles tendon rupture. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010 Feb;18(2):258-64. doi: 10.1007/s00167-009-0889-7. Epub 2009 Aug 19. PubMed PMID: 19690833.
Nilsson-Helander K, Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Faxén E, Olsson N, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J. Acute achilles tendon rupture: a randomized, controlled study comparing surgical and nonsurgical treatments using validated outcome measures. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Nov;38(11):2186-93. doi: 10.1177/0363546510376052. Epub 2010 Aug 27. PubMed PMID: 20802094.
Elengard T, Karlsson J, Silbernagel KG. Aspects of treatment for posterior heel pain in young athletes. Open Access J Sports Med. 2010 Dec 6;1:223-32. doi: 10.2147/OAJSM.S15413. Review. PubMed PMID: 24198561; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3781873.
Silbernagel KG, Brorsson A, Lundberg M. The majority of patients with Achilles tendinopathy recover fully when treated with exercise alone: a 5-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2011 Mar;39(3):607-13. doi: 10.1177/0363546510384789. Epub 2010 Nov 17. PubMed PMID: 21084657.
Olsson N, Nilsson-Helander K, Karlsson J, Eriksson BI, Thomée R, Faxén E, Silbernagel KG. Major functional deficits persist 2 years after acute Achilles tendon rupture. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2011 Aug;19(8):1385-93. doi: 10.1007/s00167-011-1511-3. Epub 2011 Apr 30. PubMed PMID: 21533539.
Silbernagel KG, Willy R, Davis I. Preinjury and postinjury running analysis along with measurements of strength and tendon length in a patient with a surgically repaired Achilles tendon rupture. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012 Jun;42(6):521-9. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2012.3913. Epub 2012 Jan 25. PubMed PMID: 22282229.
Silbernagel KG, Steele R, Manal K. Deficits in heel-rise height and achilles tendon elongation occur in patients recovering from an Achilles tendon rupture. Am J Sports Med. 2012 Jul;40(7):1564-71. doi: 10.1177/0363546512447926. Epub 2012 May 16. PubMed PMID: 22593092.
Manal K, Gravare-Silbernagel K, Buchanan TS. A Real-time EMG-driven Musculoskeletal Model of the Ankle. Multibody Syst Dyn. 2012 Aug;28(1-2):169-180. doi: 10.1007/s11044-011-9285-4. Epub 2011 Nov 23. PubMed PMID: 23419878; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3571695.
Carmont MR, Heaver C, Pradhan A, Mei-Dan O, Gravare Silbernagel K. Surgical repair of the ruptured Achilles tendon: the cost-effectiveness of open versus percutaneous repair. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013 Jun;21(6):1361-8. doi: 10.1007/s00167-013-2423-1. Epub 2013 Feb 2. PubMed PMID: 23377798.
Carmont MR, Silbernagel KG, Nilsson-Helander K, Mei-Dan O, Karlsson J, Maffulli N. Cross cultural adaptation of the Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score with reliability, validity and responsiveness evaluation. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013 Jun;21(6):1356-60. doi: 10.1007/s00167-012-2146-8. Epub 2012 Jul 31. PubMed PMID: 22847247.
Carmont MR, Silbernagel KG, Edge A, Mei-Dan O, Karlsson J, Maffulli N. Functional Outcome of Percutaneous Achilles Repair: Improvements in Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score During the First Year. Orthop J Sports Med. 2013 Jan-Jun;1(1):2325967113494584. doi: 10.1177/2325967113494584. eCollection 2013 Jan-Jun. PubMed PMID: 26535234; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4555500.
Bøymo-Having L, Grävare M, Silbernagel KG. A prospective study on dinghy sailors' training habits and injury incidence with a comparison between elite sailor and club sailor during a 12-month period. Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep;47(13):826-31. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091841. Epub 2013 May 14. PubMed PMID: 23673519.
van Eck CF, Gravare-Silbernagel K, Samuelsson K, Musahl V, van Dijk CN, Karlsson J, Irrgang JJ, Fu FH. Evidence to support the interpretation and use of the Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Checklist. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Oct 16;95(20):e153. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.01437. PubMed PMID: 24132368.
MacLeod TD, Manal K, Silbernagel KG, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Characteristics of human knee muscle coordination during isometric contractions in a standing posture: the effect of limb task. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013 Dec;23(6):1398-405. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.05.004. Epub 2013 Jun 19. PubMed PMID: 23790392; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4315617.
Olsson N, Silbernagel KG, Eriksson BI, Sansone M, Brorsson A, Nilsson-Helander K, Karlsson J. Stable surgical repair with accelerated rehabilitation versus nonsurgical treatment for acute Achilles tendon ruptures: a randomized controlled study. Am J Sports Med. 2013 Dec;41(12):2867-76. doi: 10.1177/0363546513503282. Epub 2013 Sep 6. PubMed PMID: 24013347.
Carmont MR, Silbernagel KG, Mathy A, Mulji Y, Karlsson J, Maffulli N. Reliability of Achilles tendon resting angle and calf circumference measurement techniques. Foot Ankle Surg. 2013 Dec;19(4):245-9. doi: 10.1016/j.fas.2013.06.007. Epub 2013 Jul 12. PubMed PMID: 24095232.
Olsson N, Karlsson J, Eriksson BI, Brorsson A, Lundberg M, Silbernagel KG. Ability to perform a single heel-rise is significantly related to patient-reported outcome after Achilles tendon rupture. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2014 Feb;24(1):152-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01497.x. Epub 2012 Jun 21. PubMed PMID: 22716232.
Silbernagel KG. Does one size fit all when it comes to exercise treatment for Achilles tendinopathy?. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Feb;44(2):42-4. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2014.0103. PubMed PMID: 24484411.
Olsson N, Petzold M, Brorsson A, Karlsson J, Eriksson BI, Silbernagel KG. Predictors of Clinical Outcome After Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jun;42(6):1448-55. doi: 10.1177/0363546514527409. Epub 2014 Mar 21. PubMed PMID: 24658347.
Silbernagel KG, Brorsson A, Karlsson J. [Rehabilitation training most effective in Achilles tendinopathy]. Lakartidningen. 2014 Sep 3-9;111(36):1428-31. Review. PubMed PMID: 25325134.
Suydam SM, Buchanan TS, Manal K, Silbernagel KG. Compensatory muscle activation caused by tendon lengthening post-Achilles tendon rupture. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015 Mar;23(3):868-74. doi: 10.1007/s00167-013-2512-1. Epub 2013 Apr 23. PubMed PMID: 23609529; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3778146.
Carmont MR, Silbernagel KG, Brorsson A, Olsson N, Maffulli N, Karlsson J. The Achilles tendon resting angle as an indirect measure of Achilles tendon length following rupture, repair, and rehabilitation. Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology. 2015 April; 2(2):49-55. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asmart.2014.12.002.
Carmont MR, Grävare Silbernagel K, Brorsson A, Olsson N, Maffulli N, Karlsson J. The Achilles tendon resting angle as an indirect measure of Achilles tendon length following rupture, repair, and rehabilitation. Asia Pac J Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Technol. 2015 Apr;2(2):49-55. doi: 10.1016/j.asmart.2014.12.002. eCollection 2015 Apr. PubMed PMID: 29264240; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5730640.
Silbernagel KG, Brorsson A, Olsson N, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J, Nilsson-Helander K. Sex Differences in Outcome After an Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture. Orthop J Sports Med. 2015 Jun;3(6):2325967115586768. doi: 10.1177/2325967115586768. eCollection 2015 Jun. PubMed PMID: 26665094; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4622365.
Suydam SM, Soulas EM, Elliott DM, Silbernagel KG, Buchanan TS, Cortes DH. Viscoelastic properties of healthy achilles tendon are independent of isometric plantar flexion strength and cross-sectional area. J Orthop Res. 2015 Jun;33(6):926-31. doi: 10.1002/jor.22878. Epub 2015 Apr 27. PubMed PMID: 25882209; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4683615.
Cortes DH, Suydam SM, Silbernagel KG, Buchanan TS, Elliott DM. Continuous Shear Wave Elastography: A New Method to Measure Viscoelastic Properties of Tendons in Vivo. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2015 Jun;41(6):1518-29. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2015.02.001. Epub 2015 Mar 19. PubMed PMID: 25796414; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4426016.
Macdermid JC, Silbernagel KG. Outcome Evaluation in Tendinopathy: Foundations of Assessment and a Summary of Selected Measures. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Nov;45(11):950-64. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2015.6054. Epub 2015 Oct 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 26471855.
Couppé C, Svensson RB, Silbernagel KG, Langberg H, Magnusson SP. Eccentric or Concentric Exercises for the Treatment of Tendinopathies?. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Nov;45(11):853-63. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2015.5910. Epub 2015 Oct 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 26471850.
Silbernagel KG, Crossley KM. A Proposed Return-to-Sport Program for Patients With Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy: Rationale and Implementation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Nov;45(11):876-86. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2015.5885. Epub 2015 Sep 21. PubMed PMID: 26390272.
Hoglund LT, Silbernagel KG, Taweel NR. DISTAL FIBULAR STRESS FRACTURE IN A FEMALE RECREATIONAL RUNNER: A CASE REPORT WITH MUSCULOSKELETAL ULTRASOUND IMAGING FINDINGS. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Dec;10(7):1050-8. PubMed PMID: 26672683; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4675190.
Rees J, Gaida JE, Silbernagel KG, Zwerver J, Anthony JS, Scott A. Rehabilitation of Tendon Problems in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;920:199-208. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-33943-6_19. Review. PubMed PMID: 27535262.
Pearce CJ, Tourné Y, Zellers J, Terrier R, Toschi P, Silbernagel KG. Rehabilitation after anatomical ankle ligament repair or reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 Apr;24(4):1130-9. doi: 10.1007/s00167-016-4051-z. Epub 2016 Feb 23. PubMed PMID: 26905066.
Silbernagel KG, Shelley K, Powell S, Varrecchia S. Extended field of view ultrasound imaging to evaluate Achilles tendon length and thickness: a reliability and validity study. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2016 Jan-Mar;6(1):104-10. doi: 10.11138/mltj/2016.6.1.104. eCollection 2016 Jan-Mar. PubMed PMID: 27331037; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4915448.
Ardern CL, Glasgow P, Schneiders A, Witvrouw E, Clarsen B, Cools A, Gojanovic B, Griffin S, Khan KM, Moksnes H, Mutch SA, Phillips N, Reurink G, Sadler R, Silbernagel KG, Thorborg K, Wangensteen A, Wilk KE, Bizzini M. 2016 Consensus statement on return to sport from the First World Congress in Sports Physical Therapy, Bern. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Jul;50(14):853-64. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096278. Epub 2016 May 25. PubMed PMID: 27226389.
Brorsson A, Olsson N, Nilsson-Helander K, Karlsson J, Eriksson BI, Silbernagel KG. Recovery of calf muscle endurance 3 months after an Achilles tendon rupture. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016 Jul;26(7):844-53. doi: 10.1111/sms.12533. Epub 2015 Aug 17. PubMed PMID: 26283647.
Maritz CA, Silbernagel KG. A Prospective Cohort Study on the Effect of a Balance Training Program, Including Calf Muscle Strengthening, in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2016 Jul-Sep;39(3):125-31. doi: 10.1519/JPT.0000000000000059. PubMed PMID: 26288238.
Westin O, Nilsson Helander K, Grävare Silbernagel K, Möller M, Kälebo P, Karlsson J. Acute Ultrasonography Investigation to Predict Reruptures and Outcomes in Patients With an Achilles Tendon Rupture. Orthop J Sports Med. 2016 Oct;4(10):2325967116667920. doi: 10.1177/2325967116667920. eCollection 2016 Oct. PubMed PMID: 27781212; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5066526.
What would you like to do?