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Katzmarzyk PT, Denstel KD, Martin CK, Newton RL Jr, Apolzan JW, Mire EF, Horswell R, Johnson WD, Brown AW, Zhang D. Intraclass correlation coefficients for weight loss cluster randomized trials in primary care: The PROPEL trial. Clin Obes. 2022 Apr 12;:e12524. doi: 10.1111/cob.12524. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 35412010; NIHMSID:NIHMS1795295.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Dickinson SL, Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Zoh RS, Brown AW, Owora AH, Li P, Oakes JM, Allison DB. Evaluation of the type I error rate when using parametric bootstrap analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial with binary outcomes and a small number of clusters. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2022 Mar;215:106654. doi: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2022.106654. Epub 2022 Jan 21. PubMed PMID: 35093646; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8847311.
Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Brown AW, Mehta T, Glueck DH, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Muller KE, Tekwe CD, Allison DB. A practical decision tree to support editorial adjudication of submitted parallel cluster randomized controlled trials. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2022 Mar;30(3):565-570. doi: 10.1002/oby.23373. PubMed PMID: 35195364; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC9203170.
Vorland CJ, Bohan Brown MM, Cardel MI, Brown AW. Traffic Light Diets for Childhood Obesity: Disambiguation of Terms and Critical Review of Application, Food Categorization, and Strength of Evidence. Curr Dev Nutr. 2022 Mar;6(3):nzac006. doi: 10.1093/cdn/nzac006. eCollection 2022 Mar. Review. PubMed PMID: 35317412; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8929981.
Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Li R, Dickinson S, Vorland CJ, Brown AW. Errors in Analyses and Undisclosed Methods Render Meta-Analysis Irreproducible: A Second Comment on "Effects of Flaxseed Interventions on Circulating Inflammatory Biomarkers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials". Adv Nutr. 2022 Feb 1;13(1):352-354. doi: 10.1093/advances/nmab146. PubMed PMID: 35100618; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8803486.
Chusyd DE, Austad SN, Brown AW, Chen X, Dickinson SL, Ejima K, Fluharty D, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Holden R, Jamshidi-Naeini J, Landsittel D, Lartey S, Mannix E, Vorland CJ, Allison DB. From Model Organisms to Humans, the Opportunity for More Rigor in Methodologic and Statistical Analysis, Design, and Interpretation of Aging and Senescence Research. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2021 Dec 24;. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glab382. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 34950945.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Dickinson SL, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Hannon BA, Heo M, Heymsfield SB, Jayawardene WP, Kahathuduwa CN, Keith SW, Oakes JM, Tekwe CD, Thabane L, Allison DB. Errors in the implementation, analysis, and reporting of randomization within obesity and nutrition research: a guide to their avoidance. Int J Obes (Lond). 2021 Nov;45(11):2335-2346. doi: 10.1038/s41366-021-00909-z. Epub 2021 Jul 29. Review. PubMed PMID: 34326476; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8528702.
Brown AW, Aslibekyan S, Bier D, Ferreira da Silva R, Hoover A, Klurfeld DM, Loken E, Mayo-Wilson E, Menachemi N, Pavela G, Patrick D, Quinn, Schoeller D, Carmen, Tekwe, Danny, Valdez, Vorland CJ, Whigham LD, Allison DB. Toward more rigorous and informative nutritional epidemiology: The rational space between dismissal and defense of the status quo. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Oct 22;:1-18. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2021.1985427. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 34678079; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC9023609.
Austad SN, Buford TW, Allison DB, Ballinger SW, Brown AW, Carter CS, Darley-Usmar VM, Hartman JL, Nagy TR, Smith DL Jr, Sun L, Zhang J. University of Alabama at Birmingham Nathan Shock Center: comparative energetics of aging. Geroscience. 2021 Oct;43(5):2149-2160. doi: 10.1007/s11357-021-00414-1. Epub 2021 Jul 25. Review. PubMed PMID: 34304389; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8599596.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW. Spin in the abstracts of systematic reviews and meta-analyses: How big is the problem in obesity?. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2021 Aug;29(8):1244-1245. doi: 10.1002/oby.23230. PubMed PMID: 34314109; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8765550.
Henschel B, Dickinson SL, Allison DB. Errors in meta-analysis should be corrected in "Critical appraisal for low-carbohydrate diet in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Review and meta-analyses". Clin Nutr. 2021 Jul;40(7):4535-4536. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2021.05.022. Epub 2021 Jun 9. PubMed PMID: 34229256; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8411652.
Kroeger CM, Hannon BA, Halliday TM, Ejima K, Teran-Garcia M, Brown AW. Evidence of misuse of nonparametric tests in the presence of heteroscedasticity within obesity research. F1000Res. 2021;10:391. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.52693.1. eCollection 2021. Review. PubMed PMID: 35136571; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8792877.
Chen X, Naaman K, Dickinson SL, Brown AW, Allison DB. Calculation and data errors require correcting. Comment on "The effect of green coffee extract supplementation on anthropometric measures in adults: A comprehensive systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials". Complement Ther Med. 2021 May;58:102685. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2021.102685. Epub 2021 Feb 16. PubMed PMID: 33607214; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8202092.
Tahir MJ, Ejima K, Li P, Demerath EW, Allison DB, Fields DA. Associations of breastfeeding or formula feeding with infant anthropometry and body composition at 6 months. Matern Child Nutr. 2021 Apr;17(2):e13105. doi: 10.1111/mcn.13105. Epub 2020 Nov 3. PubMed PMID: 33145993; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7988875.
Kroeger CM, Ejima K, Hannon BA, Halliday TM, McComb B, Teran-Garcia M, Dawson JA, King DB, Brown AW, Allison DB. Persistent confusion in nutrition and obesity research about the validity of classic nonparametric tests in the presence of heteroscedasticity: evidence of the problem and valid alternatives. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 11;113(3):517-524. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqaa357. PubMed PMID: 33515017; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7948897.
Amiri M, Raeisi-Dehkordi H, Vorland CJ, Chen X, Brown AW, Allison DB. Double-counting of effect sizes and inappropriate exclusion of studies in "The influence of vitamin D supplementation on IGF-1 levels in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis". Ageing Res Rev. 2021 Mar;66:101236. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2020.101236. Epub 2020 Dec 15. PubMed PMID: 33338606; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8817673.
Brown AW, Kaiser KA, Keitt A, Fontaine K, Gibson M, Gower BA, Shikany JM, Vorland CJ, Beitz DC, Bier DM, Brenna JT, Jacobs DR Jr, Kris-Etherton P, Maki K, Miller M, St-Onge MP, Teran-Garcia M, Allison DB. Science dialogue mapping of knowledge and knowledge gaps related to the effects of dairy intake on human cardiovascular health and disease. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2021;61(2):179-195. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2020.1722941. Epub 2020 Feb 19. PubMed PMID: 32072820; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7434715.
Ginell K, Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Vorland C, Brown A, Allison D. Invalid design and analyses in “School physical education-based reinforced program through moderate-to-vigorous physical activity improves and maintains school children’s cardiorespiratory fitness: A cluster-randomized controlled trial” render results and conclusions unsubstantiated. Science and Sports Journal.. 2021.
Vorland C, Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Brown A, Allison D. Mixed Random and Nonrandom Allocation, and Group Randomization Have Been Mislabeled and Misanalysed, Necessitating Reanalysis. Comment On: “KiwiC for Vitality: Results of a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial Testing the Effects of Kiwifruit or Vitamin C Tablets on Vitality in Adults with Low Vitamin C Levels”. Nutrients.. 2021. doi: 10.31219/
Peos J, Brown AW, Vorland CJ, Allison DB, Sainsbury A. Contrary to the Conclusions Stated in the Paper, Only Dry Fat-Free Mass Was Different between Groups upon Reanalysis. Comment on: "Intermittent Energy Restriction Attenuates the Loss of Fat-Free Mass in Resistance Trained Individuals. A Randomized Controlled Trial". J Funct Morphol Kinesiol. 2020 Nov 20;5(4). doi: 10.3390/jfmk5040085. PubMed PMID: 33467300; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7739336.
Valdez D, Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Mayo-Wilson E, Otten J, Ball R, Grant S, Levy R, Svetina Valdivia D, Allison DB. Improving open and rigorous science: ten key future research opportunities related to rigor, reproducibility, and transparency in scientific research. F1000Res. 2020;9:1235. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.26594.1. eCollection 2020. PubMed PMID: 33628434; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7898357.
Vorland CJ, Bohan Brown MM, Kyle TK, Brown AW. Overstated Claims of Efficacy and Safety. Comment On: "Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect Against Viral Infections". Nutrients 2020, 12, 1181. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 3;12(9). doi: 10.3390/nu12092690. PubMed PMID: 32899222; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7551966.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Vorland CJ, Thabane L, Oakes JM, Hunt ET, Brown AW, Allison DB. Incorrect design and analysis render conclusion unsubstantiated: comment on "A digital movement in the world of inactive children: favourable outcomes of playing active video games in a pilot randomized trial". Eur J Pediatr. 2020 Sep;179(9):1487-1488. doi: 10.1007/s00431-020-03590-y. Epub 2020 Feb 20. PubMed PMID: 32078037; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7415517.
Vorland CJ, Mattey-Mora PP, Mestre LM, Chen X, Dickinson SL, Brown AW, Allison DB. Errors or Irreproducibility in Effect Size Calculations and Incomplete Reporting of Results in "Systematic Review of the Effects of Blueberry on Cognitive Performance as We Age". J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2020 Jul 13;75(8):e24-e26. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glaa041. PubMed PMID: 32090247; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7357584.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Chen X, Dickinson SL, Short KR, Thompson DM, Allison DB. Corrected analysis of 'Using financial incentives to promote physical activity in American Indian adolescents: A randomized controlled trial' confirms conclusions. PLoS One. 2020;15(6):e0233273. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0233273. eCollection 2020. PubMed PMID: 32492041; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7269611.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Smith DL Jr, Beyaztas U, Allison DB. Murine genetic models of obesity: type I error rates and the power of commonly used analyses as assessed by plasmode-based simulation. Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 Jun;44(6):1440-1449. doi: 10.1038/s41366-020-0554-2. Epub 2020 Feb 25. PubMed PMID: 32099106; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7261642.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Oakes JM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Incorrect Analyses of Cluster-Randomized Trials that Do Not Take Clustering and Nesting into Account Likely Lead to p-Values that Are Too Small. Child Obes. 2020 Mar;16(2):65-66. doi: 10.1089/chi.2019.0142. PubMed PMID: 32078372; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7047086.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Kahathuduwa CN, Dawson JA, Gletsu-Miller N, Kyle TK, Thabane L, Allison DB. Questions on 'Intervention effects of a kindergarten-based health promotion programme on obesity related behavioural outcomes and BMI percentiles'. Prev Med Rep. 2020 Mar;17:101022. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.101022. eCollection 2020 Mar. PubMed PMID: 32154090; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7058642.
Bohan Brown MM, Milanes JE, Allison DB, Brown AW. Eating versus skipping breakfast has no discernible effect on obesity-related anthropometric outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. F1000Res. 2020;9:140. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.22424.2. eCollection 2020. PubMed PMID: 35340783; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8924556.
Mestre LM, Dickinson SL, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Brown AW, Allison DB. Data anomalies and apparent reporting errors in 'Randomized controlled trial testing weight loss and abdominal obesity outcomes of moxibustion'. Biomed Eng Online. 2020 Feb 18;19(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s12938-020-0753-z. PubMed PMID: 32070356; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7029490.
Lappan SN, Brown AW, Hendricks PS. Dropout rates of in-person psychosocial substance use disorder treatments: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction. 2020 Feb;115(2):201-217. doi: 10.1111/add.14793. Epub 2019 Nov 6. PubMed PMID: 31454123.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Ejima K, Mayo-Wilson E, Valdez D, Allison DB. Toward fulfilling the aspirational goal of science as self-correcting: A call for editorial courage and diligence for error correction. Eur J Clin Invest. 2020 Feb;50(2):e13190. doi: 10.1111/eci.13190. Epub 2020 Jan 18. PubMed PMID: 31788792; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7422661.
Ejima K, Dickinson SL, Brown AW, Yanovski JA, Kaiser KA, Hall KD, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB. Exceptional Reported Effects and Data Anomalies Merit Explanation from "A randomized controlled trial of coordination exercise on cognitive function in obese adolescents" by. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2020 Jan;46. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101604. Epub 2019 Oct 20. PubMed PMID: 32351324; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7189777.
Brown AW, Altman DG, Baranowski T, Bland JM, Dawson JA, Dhurandhar NV, Dowla S, Fontaine KR, Gelman A, Heymsfield SB, Jayawardene W, Keith SW, Kyle TK, Loken E, Oakes JM, Stevens J, Thomas DM, Allison DB. Childhood obesity intervention studies: A narrative review and guide for investigators, authors, editors, reviewers, journalists, and readers to guard against exaggerated effectiveness claims. Obes Rev. 2019 Nov;20(11):1523-1541. doi: 10.1111/obr.12923. Epub 2019 Aug 19. Review. PubMed PMID: 31426126; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7436851.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Schoeller DA, Heymsfield SB, Nelson EJ, Allison DB. Does exclusion of extreme reporters of energy intake (the "Goldberg cutoffs") reliably reduce or eliminate bias in nutrition studies? Analysis with illustrative associations of energy intake with health outcomes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Nov 1;110(5):1231-1239. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz198. PubMed PMID: 31504097; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6821551.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Allison DB. Spin in the abstract in "Impact of motivational interviewing on outcomes of an adolescent obesity treatment: Results from the MI Values randomized controlled pilot trial". Clin Obes. 2019 Oct;9(5):e12332. doi: 10.1111/cob.12332. Epub 2019 Aug 4. PubMed PMID: 31379061; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6718333.
Tekwe CD, Zoh RS, Yang M, Carroll RJ, Honvoh G, Allison DB, Benden M, Xue L. Instrumental variable approach to estimating the scalar-on-function regression model with measurement error with application to energy expenditure assessment in childhood obesity. Stat Med. 2019 Sep 10;38(20):3764-3781. doi: 10.1002/sim.8179. Epub 2019 Jun 20. PubMed PMID: 31222793; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6684443.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Dickinson SL, Allison DB. Replacement of dropouts may bias results: Comment on "The effect of green tea ointment on episiotomy pain and wound healing in primiparous women: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial". Phytother Res. 2019 Aug;33(8):1955-1956. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6394. Epub 2019 Jun 13. PubMed PMID: 31192504; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8240096.
Jayawardene WP, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Kahathuduwa CN, McComb B, Allison DB. Conditioning on "study" is essential for valid inference when combining individual data from multiple randomized controlled trials: a comment on Reesor et al's School-based weight management program curbs summer weight gain among low-income Hispanic middle school students. J Sch Health. 2019;89(1):59-67. J Sch Health. 2019 Jul;89(7):515-518. doi: 10.1111/josh.12777. Epub 2019 May 3. PubMed PMID: 31049962; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6684232.
Thomas DM, Oken E, Rifas-Shiman SL, Téllez-Rojo M, Just A, Svensson K, Deierlein AL, Chandler-Laney PC, Miller RC, McNamara C, Phelan S, Yoshitani S, Butte NF, Redman LM. Do Women Know Their Prepregnancy Weight?. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2019 Jul;27(7):1161-1167. doi: 10.1002/oby.22502. Epub 2019 May 31. PubMed PMID: 31149770; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6834084.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Differences in Nominal Significance (DINS) Error leads to invalid conclusions: Letter regarding, "Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults". J Complement Integr Med. 2019 Jun 12;16(2). doi: 10.1515/jcim-2018-0037. PubMed PMID: 31199765; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6957306.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Dickinson SL, Gelman A, Allison DB. The Implementation of Randomization Requires Corrected Analyses. Comment on “Comprehensive Nutritional and Dietary Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Randomized, Controlled 12-Month Trial, Nutrients Nutrients 2018, 10, 369”. Nutrients. 2019 May 21;11(5). doi: 10.3390/nu11051126. PubMed PMID: 31117190; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6566629.
Dickinson SL, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Brown AW, McComb B, Kahathuduwa CN, Allison DB. Change in study randomization allocation needs to be included in statistical analysis: comment on 'Randomized controlled trial of weight loss versus usual care on telomere length in women with breast cancer: the lifestyle, exercise, and nutrition (LEAN) study'. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 May;175(1):263-264. doi: 10.1007/s10549-019-05155-6. Epub 2019 Feb 5. PubMed PMID: 30721442; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6494688.
Wood AC, Wren JD, Allison DB. The Need for Greater Rigor in Childhood Nutrition and Obesity Research. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 1;173(4):311-312. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.0015. PubMed PMID: 30801651; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8259342.
Murillo AL, Affuso O, Peterson CM, Li P, Wiener HW, Tekwe CD, Allison DB. Illustration of Measurement Error Models for Reducing Bias in Nutrition and Obesity Research Using 2-D Body Composition Data. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2019 Mar;27(3):489-495. doi: 10.1002/oby.22387. Epub 2019 Jan 22. PubMed PMID: 30672124; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6389422.
Dickinson SL, Brown AW, Mehta T, Heymsfield SB, Ebbeling CB, Ludwig DS, Allison DB. Incorrect analyses were used in "Different enteral nutrition formulas have no effect on glucose homeostasis but on diet-induced thermogenesis in critically ill medical patients: a randomized controlled trial" and corrected analyses are requested. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2019 Jan;73(1):152-153. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0197-8. Epub 2018 Jun 27. PubMed PMID: 29946116; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6310101.
Wijayatunga NN, Ironuma B, Dawson JA, Rusinovich B, Myers CA, Cardel M, Pavela G, Martin CK, Allison DB, Dhurandhar EJ. Subjective social status is associated with compensation for large meals - A prospective pilot study. Appetite. 2019 Jan 1;132:249-256. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.07.031. Epub 2018 Jul 29. PubMed PMID: 30059770; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6444908.
Dawson JA, Brown AW, Allison DB. The stated conclusions are contradicted by the data, based on inappropriate statistics, and should be corrected: comment on 'intervention for childhood obesity based on parents only or parents and child compared with follow-up alone'. Pediatr Obes. 2018 Nov;13(11):656-657. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12431. Epub 2018 Aug 9. PubMed PMID: 30092611; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6203607.
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