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Carignan CC, Abdallah MA, Wu N, Heiger-Bernays W, McClean MD, Harrad S, Webster TF. Predictors of tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBP-A) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCD) in milk from Boston mothers. Environ Sci Technol. 2012 Nov 6;46(21):12146-53. doi: 10.1021/es302638d. Epub 2012 Oct 16. PubMed PMID: 22998345; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3500145.
Carignan CC, McClean MD, Cooper EM, Watkins DJ, Fraser AJ, Heiger-Bernays W, Stapleton HM, Webster TF. Predictors of tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate metabolite in the urine of office workers. Environ Int. 2013 May;55:56-61. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.02.004. Epub 2013 Mar 20. PubMed PMID: 23523854; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3666188.
Fang M, Webster TF, Gooden D, Cooper EM, McClean MD, Carignan C, Makey C, Stapleton HM. Investigating a novel flame retardant known as V6: measurements in baby products, house dust, and car dust. Environ Sci Technol. 2013 May 7;47(9):4449-54. doi: 10.1021/es400032v. Epub 2013 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 23565680; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3650476.
Carignan CC, Heiger-Bernays W, McClean MD, Roberts SC, Stapleton HM, Sjödin A, Webster TF. Flame retardant exposure among collegiate United States gymnasts. Environ Sci Technol. 2013 Dec 3;47(23):13848-56. doi: 10.1021/es4037868. Epub 2013 Nov 18. PubMed PMID: 24195753; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3885979.
Makey CM, McClean MD, Sjödin A, Weinberg J, Carignan CC, Webster TF. Temporal variability of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) serum concentrations over one year. Environ Sci Technol. 2014 Dec 16;48(24):14642-9. doi: 10.1021/es5026118. Epub 2014 Nov 25. PubMed PMID: 25383963; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4270390.
Carignan C, Lange A, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Williams P, Calafat A, Hauser R. Triclosan exposure and treatment outcomes in women undergoing in vitro fertilization. 8th Copenhagen Workshop on Endocrine Disruptors. 2015 April; Copenhagen, Denmark.
Carignan CC, Cottingham KL, Jackson BP, Farzan SF, Gandolfi AJ, Punshon T, Folt CL, Karagas MR. Estimated exposure to arsenic in breastfed and formula-fed infants in a United States cohort. Environ Health Perspect. 2015 May;123(5):500-6. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1408789. Epub 2015 Feb 23. PubMed PMID: 25707031; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4421773.
Carignan CC, Punshon T, Karagas MR, Cottingham KL. Potential Exposure to Arsenic from Infant Rice Cereal. Ann Glob Health. 2016 Jan-Feb;82(1):221-4. doi: 10.1016/j.aogh.2016.01.020. PubMed PMID: 27325082; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5179225.
Carignan C, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Butt C, Stapleton H, Meeker J, Hauser R. Urinary concentrations of organophosphate flame retardants and treatment outcomes among women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Gordon Research Conference on Environmental Endocrine Disruptors. 2016 June; Newry, ME, USA.
Carignan CC, Fang M, Stapleton HM, Heiger-Bernays W, McClean MD, Webster TF. Urinary biomarkers of flame retardant exposure among collegiate U.S. gymnasts. Environ Int. 2016 Sep;94:362-368. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2016.06.030. Epub 2016 Jul 6. PubMed PMID: 27395335; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4980234.
Carignan CC, Karagas MR, Punshon T, Gilbert-Diamond D, Cottingham KL. Contribution of breast milk and formula to arsenic exposure during the first year of life in a US prospective cohort. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2016 Sep;26(5):452-7. doi: 10.1038/jes.2015.69. Epub 2015 Nov 4. PubMed PMID: 26531802; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4854790.
Hu XC, Andrews DQ, Lindstrom AB, Bruton TA, Schaider LA, Grandjean P, Lohmann R, Carignan CC, Blum A, Balan SA, Higgins CP, Sunderland EM. Detection of Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) in U.S. Drinking Water Linked to Industrial Sites, Military Fire Training Areas, and Wastewater Treatment Plants. Environ Sci Technol Lett. 2016 Oct 11;3(10):344-350. doi: 10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00260. Epub 2016 Aug 9. PubMed PMID: 27752509; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5062567.
Hoffman K, Butt CM, Webster TF, Preston EV, Hammel SC, Makey C, Lorenzo AM, Cooper EM, Carignan C, Meeker JD, Hauser R, Soubry A, Murphy SK, Price TM, Hoyo C, Mendelsohn E, Congleton J, Daniels JL, Stapleton HM. Temporal Trends in Exposure to Organophosphate Flame Retardants in the United States. Environ Sci Technol Lett. 2017 Mar 14;4(3):112-118. doi: 10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00475. Epub 2017 Feb 8. PubMed PMID: 28317001; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5352975.
Carignan CC, Butt CM, Stapleton HM, Meeker JD, Minguez-Alarcón L, Williams PL, Hauser R. Influence of storage vial material on measurement of organophosphate flame retardant metabolites in urine. Chemosphere. 2017 Aug;181:440-446. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.04.083. Epub 2017 Apr 19. PubMed PMID: 28458219; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5636212.
Mínguez-Alarcón L, Christou G, Messerlian C, Williams PL, Carignan CC, Souter I, Ford JB, Calafat AM, Hauser R. Urinary triclosan concentrations and diminished ovarian reserve among women undergoing treatment in a fertility clinic. Fertil Steril. 2017 Aug;108(2):312-319. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.05.020. Epub 2017 Jun 2. PubMed PMID: 28583664; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5545065.
Carignan CC, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Butt CM, Williams PL, Meeker JD, Stapleton HM, Toth TL, Ford JB, Hauser R. Urinary Concentrations of Organophosphate Flame Retardant Metabolites and Pregnancy Outcomes among Women Undergoing in Vitro Fertilization. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 Aug 25;125(8):087018. doi: 10.1289/EHP1021. PubMed PMID: 28858831; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5783651.
Carignan CC, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Butt CM, Williams PL, Meeker JD, Stapleton HM, Toth TL, Ford JB, Hauser R. Erratum: "Urinary Concentrations of Organophosphate Flame Retardant Metabolites and Pregnancy Outcomes among Women Undergoing in Vitro Fertilization". Environ Health Perspect. 2017 Nov 1;125(11):119001. doi: 10.1289/EHP2784. PubMed PMID: 29095689; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5947943.
Carignan CC, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Williams PL, Meeker JD, Stapleton HM, Butt CM, Toth TL, Ford JB, Hauser R. Paternal urinary concentrations of organophosphate flame retardant metabolites, fertility measures, and pregnancy outcomes among couples undergoing in vitro fertilization. Environ Int. 2018 Feb;111:232-238. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2017.12.005. Epub 2017 Dec 20. PubMed PMID: 29241080; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5800983.
Bello A, Carignan CC, Xue Y, Stapleton HM, Bello D. Exposure to organophosphate flame retardants in spray polyurethane foam applicators: Role of dermal exposure. Environ Int. 2018 Apr;113:55-65. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.01.020. Epub 2018 Feb 6. PubMed PMID: 29421408.
Ingle ME, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Carignan CC, Butt CM, Stapleton HM, Williams PL, Ford JB, Hauser R, Meeker JD. The association between urinary concentrations of phosphorous-containing flame retardant metabolites and semen parameters among men from a fertility clinic. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2018 Jun;221(5):809-815. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.05.001. Epub 2018 May 2. PubMed PMID: 29739653; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5997557.
Dembsey NA, Brokaw FM, Stapleton HM, Dodson RE, Onasch J, Jazan E, Carignan CC. Intervention to reduce gymnast exposure to flame retardants from pit foam: A case study. Environ Int. 2019 Jun;127:868-875. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.084. Epub 2019 Mar 26. PubMed PMID: 30922522.
Ingle ME, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Carignan CC, Stapleton HM, Williams PL, Ford JB, Moravek MB, Hauser R, Meeker JD. Exploring reproductive associations of serum polybrominated diphenyl ether and hydroxylated brominated diphenyl ether concentrations among women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Hum Reprod. 2020 May 1;35(5):1199-1210. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deaa063. PubMed PMID: 32424407; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8453383.
DeWitt J, Brown P, Carignan C, Kasper S, Schaider L, Osimo C, Fitzstevens M. Op-ed: PFAS Chemicals - the Other Immune System Threat. Environmental Health News; 2020 July. Available from: https:/
Schwichtenberg T, Bogdan D, Carignan CC, Reardon P, Rewerts J, Wanzek T, Field JA. PFAS and Dissolved Organic Carbon Enrichment in Surface Water Foams on a Northern U.S. Freshwater Lake. Environ Sci Technol. 2020 Nov 17;54(22):14455-14464. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.0c05697. Epub 2020 Nov 8. PubMed PMID: 33164508.
Ingle ME, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Carignan CC, Stapleton HM, Williams PL, Ford JB, Moravek MB, O'Neill MS, Wang L, Hauser R, Meeker JD. Reproductive outcomes associated with flame retardants among couples seeking fertility treatment: A paternal perspective. Environ Res. 2021 Jan;192:110226. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.110226. Epub 2020 Sep 22. PubMed PMID: 32971080; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7736216.
Haggerty DK, Strakovsky RS, Talge NM, Carignan CC, Glazier-Essalmi AN, Ingersoll BR, Karthikraj R, Kannan K, Paneth NS, Ruden DM. Prenatal phthalate exposures and autism spectrum disorder symptoms in low-risk children. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2021 Jan-Feb;83:106947. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2021 Jan 5. PubMed PMID: 33412243; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7825926.
Powers M, Carignan C, Brown P, Ducatman A, Friedman E, DeWitt J, Amico A, Fitzstevens M, Kasper S, Schaider L. PFAS Medical Screening Guidance [Fact Sheets]. 2021 July. Available from:
Muensterman DJ, Titaley IA, Peaslee GF, Minc LD, Cahuas L, Rodowa AE, Horiuchi Y, Yamane S, Fouquet TNJ, Kissel JC, Carignan CC, Field JA. Disposition of Fluorine on New Firefighter Turnout Gear. Environ Sci Technol. 2022 Jan 18;56(2):974-983. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.1c06322. Epub 2021 Dec 27. PubMed PMID: 34961317.
Cahaus L, Muensterman DJ, Titaley IA, Schmokel C, De la Cruz FB, Barlaz MA, Carignan CC, Peaslee GF, Field JA. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in facemasks: potential sources of human exposure to PFAS with implications for disposal to landfills. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 2022 March; 9(4):320-326.
Carignan C, Ducatman A, Honkawa J, Khan A, Amico A, Wynn-Stelt S, Brown P, Schaider L, Friedman E. Non-stick Nuisance: Medical Monitoring for PFAS [Continuing Medical Education Course]. Kansas City, MO: Children's Mercy Hospital; 2022 May. Available from:
Carignan C, Powers M, Brown P, Ducatman A, Friedman E, DeWitt J, Fletcher T, Amico A, Fitzstevens M, Kasper S, Osimo C, Khan A, Honkawa J, Silber L, Schaider L. Translating research to action with medical screening guidance and clinician training for PFAS-impacted communities. Highly Fluorinated Compounds - Environmental Justice and Scientific Discovery. 2022 June; Wilmington, NC, USA.
Carignan C, Ghetto E, Brown P, Schaider L, Amico A, Donovan E, Codner A. Arming doctors with knowledge about PFAS pollution [Editorial]. Environmental Health News; 2022 December. Available from:
Woodruff TJ, Rayasam SDG, Axelrad DA, Koman PD, Chartres N, Bennett DH, Birnbaum LS, Brown P, Carignan CC, Cooper C, Cranor CF, Diamond ML, Franjevic S, Gartner EC, Hattis D, Hauser R, Heiger-Bernays W, Joglekar R, Lam J, Levy JI, MacRoy PM, Maffini MV, Marquez EC, Morello-Frosch R, Nachman KE, Nielsen GH, Oksas C, Abrahamsson DP, Patisaul HB, Patton S, Robinson JF, Rodgers KM, Rossi MS, Rudel RA, Sass JB, Sathyanarayana S, Schettler T, Shaffer RM, Shamasunder B, Shepard PM, Shrader-Frechette K, Solomon GM, Subra WA, Vandenberg LN, Varshavsky JR, White RF, Zarker K, Zeise L. A science-based agenda for health-protective chemical assessments and decisions: overview and consensus statement. Environ Health. 2023 Jan 12;21(Suppl 1):132. doi: 10.1186/s12940-022-00930-3. PubMed PMID: 36635734; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC9835243.
Carignan CC, Bauer RA, Patterson A, Phomsopha T, Redman E, Stapleton HM, Higgins CP. Self-Collection Blood Test for PFASs: Comparing Volumetric Microsamplers with a Traditional Serum Approach. Environ Sci Technol. 2023 May 30;57(21):7950-7957. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.2c09852. Epub 2023 May 15. PubMed PMID: 37189231; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC10233751.
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