Home > Search Results

About - Tonsillitis

An acute inflammation of the tonsils caused by viruses or bacteria. Signs and symptoms include fever, enlargement of the tonsils, difficulty swallowing, and enlargement of the regional lymph nodes.

Results: 17

Tonsillitis: Do antibiotics make sore throats go away quicker?

Antibiotics can shorten the length of throat infections by between half a day and one day on average. But they can have side effects, and using antibiotics too much increases the risk of bacteria becoming resistant to them.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: December 1, 2016

Tonsillitis: Overview

Symptoms of acute tonsillitis include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever and fatigue. More frequent tonsil infections can be a real problem, and may also lead to complications in rare cases.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: December 1, 2016

Tonsillitis: Tonsil surgery in children

Most children only have tonsillitis every now and then. Although it is unpleasant, it usually gets better after a few days. But if tonsillitis keeps coming back over several years, the option of surgically removing the tonsils is often considered.Acute bacterial infections of the tonsils cause symptoms such as a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever and tiredness. Breathing problems and snoring can disrupt sleep. But sore throats might also be caused by a viral throat infection. Even doctors often find it difficult to distinguish between these two types of infections. Tonsillitis that keeps coming back within short spaces of time can be very distressful.Children and teenagers are much more susceptible to tonsillitis than adults are. Some children get tonsillitis four to eight times a year, with each episode lasting one to two weeks. They keep having to miss school as a result – and their parents often have to stay at home to take care of them.Location of the tonsilsSometimes tonsils become permanently inflamed, causing things like breathing problems. Painkillers and antibiotics might not be effective enough, or people might not want to use too much medication. Complications such as the collection of pus beside a tonsil (known as quinsy or a peritonsillar abscess) are a further reason why surgery might be considered.When considering surgery, it is worth weighing the pros and cons: On the one hand there is the hope that having tonsils out will reduce the number of infections, or even stop them altogether. On the other hand the surgery is associated with risks, and you cannot be sure that it will actually help.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: December 1, 2016

Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) for chronic or recurrent acute tonsillitis

This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of surgery (removal of the tonsils ‐ tonsillectomy, or adenotonsillectomy ‐ removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissues) against non‐surgical management in adults and children with frequent or chronic tonsillitis.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Antibiotics for preventing complications in children with measles

Measles is an infectious disease caused by a virus. There is an effective vaccine which can prevent measles, nevertheless 30 to 40 million people worldwide still develop measles annually. Each year measles causes more than half a million deaths and is responsible for an estimated 44% of the 1.7 million vaccine‐preventable deaths among children. Measles is associated with complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, throat infections, diarrhea and conjunctivitis.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Corticosteroids as standalone or add‐on treatment for sore throat

Sore throat is a common condition. Patients often receive antibiotics for sore throat, which is thought to contribute to resistance to antibiotics in individuals and the community. Sore throats are painful because of the inflammation of the lining of the throat. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and because they act on the upper respiratory tract in other conditions, may also be beneficial in sore throat.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

The effect of short duration versus standard duration antibiotic therapy for streptococcal throat infection in children

Streptococcal (strep) throat infection is very common. A 10‐day course of penicillin is prescribed mainly to protect against the complication of acute rheumatic fever, which can occur approximately 20 days after streptococcal throat and cause damage to the heart valves. Cases of acute rheumatic fever have dropped dramatically in high‐income countries. Newer antibiotics taken for a shorter duration, may have a comparable effect to penicillin taken for 10 days.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Antibiotics or tonsillectomy for people with psoriasis.

Psoriasis, a disease which produces scaly pink patches on the skin, often gets worse after a bacterial throat infection or tonsillitis. When someone with psoriasis has a throat infection, antibiotics are sometimes used in an attempt to prevent this from happening. For people with psoriasis and repeated throat infections tonsillectomy is sometimes recommended. The review found no evidence from trials that either antibiotics or tonsillectomy are helpful for people with psoriasis.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Chinese medicinal herbs for sore throat

Sore throat is a widespread acute respiratory tract illness which affects all age groups. In China, many Chinese herbal medicines are used to treat this illness. Because the majority of clinical research into traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a treatment for sore throat failed to meet world standards of clinical research reporting, the authors could not recommend any preparation or formulation for clinical use in the previous published version.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Treatments for guttate psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes scaly pink patches. Guttate psoriasis is a particular form of the disease that usually affects children and young adults. It can happen on its own, or as a complication of ordinary (chronic plaque) psoriasis. Often, it follows a bacterial throat infection or tonsillitis. Antibiotics and tonsillectomy as treatments for guttate psoriasis are covered by another review. This review could find no evidence, from trials, about the effects of any other commonly used treatments for guttate psoriasis.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

What are microbes?

Microbes are tiny forms of life that are found all around us. The most common kinds are bacteria, viruses and fungi.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: September 21, 2016

Advising patients to increase fluid intake for treating acute respiratory infections

Doctors commonly recommend that people with acute respiratory infections drink extra fluids. Acute infections include colds, acute sinusitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and influenza. This review intended to find out the benefit or harm from this recommendation. Potential benefits of fluids are replacing fluid lost because of fever or rapid breathing, treating dehydration and reducing the viscosity of mucus. In infections of the lower part of the respiratory tract, possible harmful effects of fluids might be a dilution of the blood sodium concentration, leading to headache, confusion and seizures. This review found no evidence for or against the use of increased fluids in acute respiratory infections. No randomised controlled trials have been conducted to determine the benefit or harm from extra fluids. It is important that further studies be done in order to determine the true effect of this very common medical advice.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2011

Oral rinses, mouthwashes and sprays for improving outcomes following tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is one of the most common operations performed in adults and children. Pain and bleeding following the operation are common. Postoperative tonsillectomy medication should aim to minimise some of these symptoms. A number of mouthwashes and topical sprays are available which offer pain relief or can help to reduce bleeding in the period just after surgery.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Common colds: Overview

The first signs of a common cold often include sneezing and a sore throat. By the time colds are in full swing, they can make you feel quite weak and ill. But, unlike the flu, common colds are harmless, and bothersome symptoms can be effectively relieved.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: April 23, 2014

What are immunological tests?

There are immunological tests for many different medical conditions and purposes – for instance, to test for an allergy, to screen for bowel cancer or to find out if a woman is pregnant.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: June 30, 2016

Tonsillectomy for PFAPA syndrome (a rare cause of recurrent fever, mouth ulcers, sore throat and swollen neck glands)

This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of removing the palatine tonsils (tonsillectomy), with and without removal of the adenoids, against non‐surgical management of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. We searched for and included any randomised controlled trials published up to October 2013.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Myelodysplastic/ Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms including chronic/juvenile myelomonocytic leukemias and atypical CML.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 12, 2015

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

See all (132)...

Recent Activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...