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This summary presents what we know from research about the effects of surgery compared with non‐surgical (conservative) treatments such as wearing a sling or a figure‐of‐eight bandage for two to six weeks to treat a fractured (broken) collarbone.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: June 6, 2013

Traumatic injuries to upper front teeth in children and young adults are common. The Cochrane Oral Health Group conducted this review to look at interventions to treat the front permanent (adult) tooth or teeth when they have been displaced from their original position following injury. This review does not include teeth that have been completely knocked out (avulsion).

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: April 30, 2013

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non‐progressive lifelong condition resulting from damage to the newborn brain. Most infants have spasms (spasticity) affecting at least one leg that prevents normal movement. It can cause muscle contractures and deformities and the affected muscles do not grow as rapidly as neighbouring bone and soft tissue. Treatment includes physiotherapy, oral anti‐spasticity drugs, casts, splints and orthopaedic surgery. Injection of botulinum toxin (BtA) into muscle causes local muscle weakness and so may help counter spasticity. This review found that published, controlled evidence was weak as they identified three controlled trials involving only a small number of children (2 to 11 years). Children receiving a single course of injections of BtA (Botox®, 3 to 8 µg/kg or Dysport®, 15 µg /kg) into the calf muscle tended to have an improved pattern of walking (gait) compared with inactive injections (placebo). Both BtA injections and lightweight walking plaster casts below the knee (for four to six weeks) produced similar significant improvements in gait. Some calf pain was reported among the 26 children injected with BtA and parents reported inconvenience with wearing casts and weakness of legs following removal.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: January 24, 2000

The aim of this Cochrane review was to compare absorbable and non‐absorbable material for stitching the wound after carpal tunnel surgery. We collected and analysed information on this question and found five relevant studies.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2018

A broken ankle, also called an ankle fracture, involves a break in one or more of the three bones that make up the ankle. It often results from a twisted ankle. Ankle fracture is a common injury in children. Some fractures are minor, and the bones remain in place. Other fractures are more serious, such as when the broken bones are displaced from each other or even come through the skin. These fractures can affect the way the bones grow. Serious disruption of the growth plates may result in leg deformity.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: April 1, 2016

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