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Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of renal pelvis and ureter transitional cell cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 22, 2015

The role of surgical assessment of lymph nodes before treatment for women with locally advanced cervical cancer

Cervical cancer arises from the neck of the womb (cervix). Cervical screening programmes have decreased the rate of advanced cervical cancer. However, a significant number of cases still present with locally advanced disease that involves large cervical tumours (> 4 cm) or tumours that extend to the upper vagina. The larger the primary tumour, the greater the likelihood of metastasis (spread of cancer to other areas of the body). Cervical cancer spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis and around the aorta (one of the major blood vessels in the abdomen). Stage is a standardised assessment of the size of the cancer and if it has spread to adjacent or distant sites. Stage for stage, women with para‐aortic lymph node metastases at presentation have a lower survival than those who do not have para‐aortic metastases at presentation.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Imaging tests for the non‐invasive diagnosis of endometriosis

Women with endometriosis have endometrial tissue (the tissue that lines the womb and is shed during menstruation) growing outside the womb within the pelvis, causing chronic abdominal pain and difficulty conceiving. Currently, the only reliable way of diagnosing endometriosis is to perform laparoscopic surgery and visualise the endometrial deposits inside the abdomen. Because surgery is risky and expensive, imaging tests have been assessed for their ability to detect endometriosis non‐invasively. An accurate imaging test could lead to the diagnosis of endometriosis without the need for surgery, or it could reduce the need for surgery, so only women who were most likely to have endometriosis would require it. Furthermore, if imaging tests could accurately predict the location of endometriotic lesions, surgeons would have the information they need to plan and improve their surgical approach. Other non‐invasive ways of diagnosing endometriosis by using urine, blood and endometrial and combination tests have been evaluated in separate Cochrane reviews from this series.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Lymphedema (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of lymphedema, a condition in which lymph fluid builds up in tissues and causes swelling.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 29, 2015

Testing for endometriosis

Endometriosis is often only diagnosed and treated late. If you are thought to have endometriosis it is important to decide what examinations are actually needed. More invasive procedures such as an examination of the inside of your abdomen (laparoscopy) are not always necessary to help decide how to best treat the symptoms, and they are associated with risks.In endometriosis, the lining of the womb (endometrium) also grows outside the womb. This endometrial tissue is benign (non-cancerous) and does not always cause noticeable pain. Endometriosis often first becomes noticeable if it causes considerable pain, if the tissue sticks together and adhesions form, or if it makes it difficult to get pregnant.Severe period pain, pain during or after sex and tenderness in parts of the pelvis are all typical signs of endometriosis.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: May 7, 2014

Slipped disk: Overview

When most people hear "slipped disk" they think of very sudden, severe back pain. But most slipped disks go unnoticed and do not have to be treated. What happens if a slipped disk causes pain and how do you know whether you should see a doctor?

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: October 9, 2014

Pelvimetry for fetal cephalic presentations at or near term for deciding on mode of delivery

Does the use of pelvimetry to assess the size of the woman's pelvis improve outcomes for baby and mother? Pelvimetry might identify babies whose heads are too big for their mother's pelvis. In this case, an elective caesarean section might improve the outcome. Forms of pelvimetry include radiological pelvimetry (X‐ray, computerised tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)) and clinical examination of the woman. We planned to include all studies comparing the use of clinical or radiological (X‐ray, CT or MRI) pelvimetry versus no pelvimetry, or different types of pelvimetry.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2017

Endometrial Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of endometrial cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: April 6, 2017

Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 19, 2016

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 28, 2015

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of ovarian germ cell tumors.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 14, 2016

Primary CNS Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of primary CNS lymphoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: December 21, 2016

Ewing Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of Ewing sarcoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: January 27, 2017

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of childhood extracranial germ cell tumors.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 12, 2016

Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of adult primary liver cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: October 20, 2016

Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of prostate cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 7, 2016

Urethral Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of urethral cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 19, 2016

Vaginal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of vaginal cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 14, 2016

Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of Wilms tumor.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: April 12, 2017

Ovarian Epithelial, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of ovarian epithelial, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: December 30, 2016

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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