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A chronic inflammatory condition of the bladder. In general, symptoms may include painful urination, pelvic pain, urinary urgency, and pressure in the bladder or pelvis.

Results: 4

Intravesical treatments for painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis(PBS/IC).

Interstitial cystitis is also known as painful bladder syndrome. It typically causes symptoms of bladder and pelvic pain, an increased urge to pass urine and excessive urination during both day and night. The cause of the condition is not well‐understood but it is thought to result from long‐standing inflammation of the bladder. Many treatments have been used for PBS/IC and in this review we assess the effects of putting medication directly into the bladder (bladder instillations) to treat it.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2009

Cystitis: Overview

Cystitis is very common in women. It is caused by a bacterial infection. Typical symptoms include a burning pain during urination, often associated with having to go the bathroom more often. There are effective treatments for uncomplicated cystitis, and it usually clears up without any problems.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: December 6, 2016

Urinary alkalisation for uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common form of bacterial infection among women and can cause pain and frequent urination.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Urinary diversion and bladder reconstruction/replacement using intestinal segments for intractable incontinence following bladder surgery

The normal urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ that lies deep in the pelvis. It functions through the balanced activity of many inter‐related nerves and muscles that contain or empty urine as needed. If the bladder has been damaged by disease, surgery can be performed to divert the urine from the bladder (urinary diversion), to reconstruct the bladder or to replace the bladder with intestinal segments. The review did not find enough evidence from trials to show which surgical options are the most effective. One small trial suggested that the ileum bowel segment (small bowel) may be better compared to ileocolonic bowel segment (combination of small and large bowel) for night time incontinence. More research is needed to determine the most effective surgical methods for urinary diversion, reconstruction or replacement of the urinary bladder that has been damaged by disease.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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Systematic Review Methods in PubMed

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