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Prevents and treats motion sickness symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or dizziness.

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Vomiting caused by acute gastroenteritis is very common in children and adolescents. Treatment of vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis can be problematic and there is lack of agreement among clinicians on the indications for the use of antiemetics. There have also been concerns expressed about apparently unacceptable levels of side effects with some of the older generation of antiemetics. The small number of included trials provided evidence which appeared to favour the use of antiemetics over placebo to reduce the number of episodes of vomiting due to gastroenteritis in children. A single oral dose of ondansetron given to children with mild to moderate dehydration can control vomiting, avoid hospitalization and intravenous fluid administration which would otherwise be needed. There were no major side effects other than a few reports of increased frequency of diarrhea.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: September 7, 2011

Common medications for nausea and vomiting as well as ginger are often used in pregnancy. But there is only little scientific research on their effectiveness in pregnant women.Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy: At least half of all women are affected by some nausea in the first few months of pregnancy. Although it is called morning sickness, and it can actually be worse in the mornings, it may last all through the day too. Nausea and vomiting can be difficult to deal with for some weeks, but they usually do not have any consequences for the mother and her child.It is not known why pregnancy is so often accompanied by these symptoms. One theory is that it is due to hormonal changes. It is unknown whether stress or psychological problems cause or worsen the symptoms.Morning sickness typically starts between the sixth and eighth week of pregnancy and is gone by the end of 16 weeks. For some women, it will go on even longer. It is not only a problem because it makes pregnant women feel so unwell – it can also be more difficult to eat a healthy diet or to stay well-nourished.About 1 out of 100 women experience a severe form of nausea with frequent and violent vomiting. This can lead to weight and fluid loss which can also endanger the child and needs to be treated in hospital. There, the woman will receive medication and her body will be supplied with fluids.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: September 24, 2014

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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