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Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of rectal cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 19, 2017

This summary will tell you about What localized prostate cancer is Common treatment options for localized prostate cancer (watchful waiting, active surveillance, surgery to remove the prostate gland, radiation therapy, and hormone treatment) What researchers found about how the treatments compare Possible side effects of the treatments Things to talk about with your doctor

Comparative Effectiveness Review Summary Guides for Consumers [Internet] - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: January 21, 2016

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor in the prostate, a gland that is part of the male internal reproductive system. The prostate is a gland about the size of a chestnut, and is located between the bladder and the pelvic floor muscles.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: March 28, 2013

Five‐alpha‐reductase inhibitor drugs have potential as chemopreventive agents. Reduction of prostate cancer was similar between racial groups, age groups (aged 65 years or older compared to younger age groups) and those with or without a family history of prostate cancer. Reduction of prostate cancer was limited to men who had a baseline prostate specific antigen (PSA) values less than 4.0 ng/mL. However, use of five‐alpha‐reductase inhibitors may also increase the risk of high‐grade prostate cancer in men undergoing prostate cancer screening. Future research is needed to determine if the use of five‐alpha‐reductase inhibitors can reduce prostate cancer in men who are not being regularly screened for prostate cancer. Future studies should also determine whether five‐alpha‐reductase inhibitors can reduce death and prostate cancer death and further evaluate the risk of developing high‐grade prostate cancer.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Expert-reviewed information summary about constipation, impaction, bowel obstruction, and diarrhea as complications of cancer or its treatment. The management of these problems is discussed.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 6, 2016

There are five types of tests that are used to screen for colorectal cancer: fecal occult blood test, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, virtual colonoscopy, and DNA stool test. Learn more about these and other tests in this expert-reviewed summary.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: February 3, 2017

Expert-reviewed information summary about tests used to detect or screen for prostate cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: February 17, 2017

The treatment of cancer may cause health problems (late effects) for childhood cancer survivors months or years after successful treatment has ended. Get information about the long-term physical, psychological and social effects of treatment for childhood cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: November 21, 2017

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of prostate cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: October 27, 2017

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of anal cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: December 7, 2017

Urethral cancer occurs in men and women and can spread quickly to lymph nodes near the urethra. Find out about risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, staging, and treatment for urethral cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 19, 2016

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of colon cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: December 7, 2017

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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