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Erysipelas

An acute infection typically with a skin rash. Usually caused by Streptococcus bacteria on scratches or otherwise infected areas. The infection may occur on any part of the skin including the face, arms, fingers, legs, and toes.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: Wikipedia)

About Erysipelas

Erysipelas or cellulitis can develop if bacteria enter the skin through cuts or sores. Both infections make your skin swell and become red, warm and tender. Provided the right treatment is started early enough, these bacterial skin infections usually clear up without any lasting effects. Left untreated, they can sometimes have serious complications.

Antibiotics are effective at treating most infections. It is important to keep your skin protected while it heals. Anti-inflammatory painkillers can help relieve pain and fever symptoms...
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What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Interventions for cellulitis and erysipelas

This review looks at interventions for the skin infections 'cellulitis' and 'erysipelas'. These two terms are now considered different presentations of the same condition by most experts, so they are considered together for this review. For simplicity we used the one term 'cellulitis' to refer to both conditions.

Preventive treatments for repeated episodes of cellulitis and erysipelas

Cellulitis and erysipelas are both bacterial infections of the skin that most commonly affect the leg. Erysipelas affects the upper layers of the skin, and cellulitis affects its deeper parts, but in practice it is often hard to tell the difference between them, so we consider them together for this review (and refer to them as 'cellulitis'). Up to 50% of people with cellulitis experience repeated episodes. Despite the burden of this condition, there is a lack of high‐certainty, evidence‐based information about the desirable treatment for the prevention of recurrent cellulitis.

Sentinel lymph node status in vulval cancer: systematic reviews of test accuracy and decision-analytic model-based economic evaluation

This study aims to determine the test accuracy and cost-effectiveness of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy with 99mTc and/or blue dye compared with inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy or clinical follow-up for test negatives in vulval cancer. A sensitive and specific combined metastatic SLN detection test and information on generic quality of life in vulval cancer is urgently required.

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Summaries for consumers

Erysipelas and cellulitis: Overview

Erysipelas or cellulitis can develop if bacteria enter the skin through cuts or sores. Both infections make your skin swell and become red, warm and tender. Provided the right treatment is started early enough, these bacterial skin infections usually clear up without any lasting effects.

Erysipelas and cellulitis: Can antibiotics prevent cellulitis from coming back?

People who have already had cellulitis can prevent it from returning by taking low-dose penicillin. When used for this purpose, the penicillin is taken every day for up to twelve months. This preventive treatment is safe and well tolerated.

Interventions for cellulitis and erysipelas

This review looks at interventions for the skin infections 'cellulitis' and 'erysipelas'. These two terms are now considered different presentations of the same condition by most experts, so they are considered together for this review. For simplicity we used the one term 'cellulitis' to refer to both conditions.

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Terms to know

Bacteria
A large group of single-cell microorganisms. Some cause infections and disease in animals and humans. The singular of bacteria is bacterium.
Cellulitis
An acute, spreading infection of the deep tissues of the skin and muscle that causes the skin to become warm and tender and may also cause fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, and blisters.
Erythema
Redness of the skin.
Streptococcus
There are many kinds of Streptococcus bacteria. Some can cause diseases such as strep throat, meningitis, and pneumonia. Others keep us healthy and are found in areas of the human body such as the intestines, skin, mouth, and nose.

More about Erysipelas

Photo of an adult

Also called: St Anthony's Fire

See Also: Cellulitis

Other terms to know: See all 4
Bacteria, Cellulitis, Erythema

Related articles:
About Antibiotics to Prevent Erysepilas Returning

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