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Adenoidectomy

Surgical removal of the pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids).

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(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Adenoidectomy for recurrent of chronic nasal symptoms in children

Infections of the upper respiratory tract, presenting as recurrent nasal symptoms (nasal discharge with or without nasal obstruction) are very common in children. Removal of the adenoids (adenoidectomy) is a surgical procedure that is frequently performed in these children. It is thought that adenoidectomy prevents recurrence of nasal symptoms.

Adenoidectomy for recurrent or chronic middle ear disease in children

Both acute and chronic middle ear infections (acute otitis media and chronic otitis media with effusion or 'glue ear') are very common in children. Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the adenoids and is often performed in these children as it is thought to prevent these problems.

Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy versus no surgery for obstructive sleep‐disordered breathing in children

This review compared the benefits and harms of surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) with or without removal of the adenoids (adenoidectomy) against non‐surgical management in children with disturbed sleep caused by breathing problems due to blockage of the upper airways (called obstructive sleep‐disordered breathing; oSDB). We included any studies in which children were randomly allocated to surgery or no surgery published up to March 2015.

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Summaries for consumers

Adenoidectomy for recurrent of chronic nasal symptoms in children

Infections of the upper respiratory tract, presenting as recurrent nasal symptoms (nasal discharge with or without nasal obstruction) are very common in children. Removal of the adenoids (adenoidectomy) is a surgical procedure that is frequently performed in these children. It is thought that adenoidectomy prevents recurrence of nasal symptoms.

Adenoidectomy for recurrent or chronic middle ear disease in children

Both acute and chronic middle ear infections (acute otitis media and chronic otitis media with effusion or 'glue ear') are very common in children. Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the adenoids and is often performed in these children as it is thought to prevent these problems.

Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy versus no surgery for obstructive sleep‐disordered breathing in children

This review compared the benefits and harms of surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) with or without removal of the adenoids (adenoidectomy) against non‐surgical management in children with disturbed sleep caused by breathing problems due to blockage of the upper airways (called obstructive sleep‐disordered breathing; oSDB). We included any studies in which children were randomly allocated to surgery or no surgery published up to March 2015.

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Terms to know

Adenotonsillectomy
Surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids.
Lingual Tonsils
Two lingual tonsils are in the mouth, one on each side of the tongue. They are composed of lymphatic tissue that functions to assist the immune system in the production of antibodies.
Palatine Tonsils
The two tonsils that can be seen on the left and right sides at the back of the throat.
Tonsillectomy
Surgical removal of the tonsils.
Tonsils
Two small masses of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat.

More about Adenoidectomy

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Other terms to know: See all 5
Adenotonsillectomy, Lingual Tonsils, Palatine Tonsils

Related articles:
About Adenoids and Tonsils

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