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Vasectomy

An operation to cut or tie off the two tubes that carry sperm out of the testicles.

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(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Vasectomy methods for birth control in men

Vasectomy is a surgical method used in men to cut or tie the vas deferens. The vas is a tube that delivers sperm from the testicles. The purpose of vasectomy is to provide permanent birth control. Vasectomy methods include different ways to close the vas. Variations to a vasectomy may be irrigation (flushing fluid through the vas) and fascial interposition (placing a layer of body tissue between the cut ends of the vas). Ideally, the choice of vasectomy method should be based on the best evidence from controlled trials. This review looked at how well the vasectomy methods work, how safe they were, the costs, and whether the men liked the method.

Post-vasectomy testing to confirm sterility: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Griffin T T.  Post-vasectomy testing to confirm sterility: a systematic review. North Adelaide, S. Australia, Australia: Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures (ASERNIP) - Surgical. ASERNIP-S Report; 39. 2004 Available from: http://www.surgeons.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=ASERNIP_S_Publications&T emplate=/TaggedPage/TaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=17&ContentID=3297

Vasectomy not associated with prostate cancer: a meta-analysis

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between vasectomy and prostate cancer.

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Summaries for consumers

Vasectomy methods for birth control in men

Vasectomy is a surgical method used in men to cut or tie the vas deferens. The vas is a tube that delivers sperm from the testicles. The purpose of vasectomy is to provide permanent birth control. Vasectomy methods include different ways to close the vas. Variations to a vasectomy may be irrigation (flushing fluid through the vas) and fascial interposition (placing a layer of body tissue between the cut ends of the vas). Ideally, the choice of vasectomy method should be based on the best evidence from controlled trials. This review looked at how well the vasectomy methods work, how safe they were, the costs, and whether the men liked the method.

Scalpel or no‐scalpel approach to the vas

Vasectomy is a surgical method used in men to cut or tie the vas deferens. The vas is a tube that delivers sperm from the testicles. The purpose of vasectomy is to provide permanent birth control. Usually the operation involves cutting the skin of the scrotum with a scalpel. A newer technique uses a sharp instrument to puncture the skin instead. The intent is to have fewer problems with bleeding, bruising, and infection. This review looked at whether the no‐scalpel approach to the vas worked as well as the scalpel method. It also studied any side effects of the methods and whether the men liked the method.

Benign enlarged prostate: Overview

Many middle-aged men will know what it is like to have to go to the bathroom a lot at night and still feel like your bladder is never really empty. This problem is usually caused by a benign enlarged prostate. Here we describe the various treatment options for this condition.

More about Vasectomy

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Other terms to know:
Prostatectomy, Vas Deferens

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